Subiaco Dams

largest of these damsSubiaco Dam
The Subiaco Dams were a group of three Roman gravity dams at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy, devised as pleasure lakes for emperor Nero (54–68 AD).wikipedia
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Dam

earthfilldamsconcrete-face rock-fill dam
The Subiaco Dams were a group of three Roman gravity dams at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy, devised as pleasure lakes for emperor Nero (54–68 AD). The dam was built by the Romans at Sublaqueum, modern Subiaco, in the Roman province of Latium in central Italy on the river Aniene (Lat. Anio).
The highest Roman dam was the Subiaco Dam near Rome; its record height of 50 m remained unsurpassed until its accidental destruction in 1305.

Subiaco, Lazio

SubiacoSubiaco, ItalyItalian city of Subiaco
The Subiaco Dams were a group of three Roman gravity dams at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy, devised as pleasure lakes for emperor Nero (54–68 AD).
The biggest of the three Subiaco Dams was the highest dam in the world until its destruction in 1305.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
The biggest one was the highest dam in the Roman Empire, and even in the world until its accidental destruction in 1305.
The Romans built many dams and reservoirs for water collection, such as the Subiaco Dams, two of which fed the Anio Novus, one of the largest aqueducts of Rome.

Aniene

AnioAnio VetusAnio River
The dam was built by the Romans at Sublaqueum, modern Subiaco, in the Roman province of Latium in central Italy on the river Aniene (Lat. Anio).
The largest of these dams was the highest dam in classical antiquity and remained in use until its destruction by a flood in 1305.

List of Roman dams and reservoirs

List of Roman damsRoman damdam
The relative abundance of Spanish dams below is due partly to more intensive field work there; for Italy only the Subiaco Dams, created by emperor Nero (54–68 AD) for recreational purposes, are attested.

Roman engineering

Roman engineersengineeringengineers
The Romans built many dams for water collection, such as the Subiaco dams, two of which fed Anio Novus, the largest aqueduct supplying Rome.

List of dams and reservoirs

List of reservoirs and damsLists of reservoirs and damsDams

Ancient Roman architecture

RomanRoman architecturearchitecture
The relative abundance of Spanish dams below is due partly to more intensive field work there; for Italy only the Subiaco Dams, created by emperor Nero (54–68 AD) for recreational purposes, are attested.

Ancient Rome

RomanRomansRome
The Subiaco Dams were a group of three Roman gravity dams at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy, devised as pleasure lakes for emperor Nero (54–68 AD).

Lazio

LatiumLazio RegionRegion of Lazio
The Subiaco Dams were a group of three Roman gravity dams at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy, devised as pleasure lakes for emperor Nero (54–68 AD).

Italy

ItalianITAItalia
The Subiaco Dams were a group of three Roman gravity dams at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy, devised as pleasure lakes for emperor Nero (54–68 AD).

Roman emperor

EmperoremperorsWestern Roman Emperor
The Subiaco Dams were a group of three Roman gravity dams at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy, devised as pleasure lakes for emperor Nero (54–68 AD).

Nero

Emperor NeroNero CaesarNero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
The Subiaco Dams were a group of three Roman gravity dams at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy, devised as pleasure lakes for emperor Nero (54–68 AD). In the reign of Claudius (41 - 54) and Nero (54 - 68), the area around Subiaco formed an imperial summer residence, offering the possibility of hunting trips and parties in an idyllic landscape

Latium

LatinLazioLatian
The dam was built by the Romans at Sublaqueum, modern Subiaco, in the Roman province of Latium in central Italy on the river Aniene (Lat. Anio).

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The dam was built by the Romans at Sublaqueum, modern Subiaco, in the Roman province of Latium in central Italy on the river Aniene (Lat. Anio).

Rome

Rome, ItalyRomanRoma
The location lies some 75 km east of Rome.

Gravity dam

gravityconcrete gravityConcrete Gravity dam
The simple gravity dam was constructed of masonry and stood roughly 410m above sea level.

Claudius

Emperor ClaudiusClaudianClaudius Caesar
In the reign of Claudius (41 - 54) and Nero (54 - 68), the area around Subiaco formed an imperial summer residence, offering the possibility of hunting trips and parties in an idyllic landscape

Hadrian's Villa

Villa Adrianavillahis villa
Especially under Emperor Nero, luxurious villas emerged (Villa di Caccia, Villa of Horace, Villa of Trajan) stylistically foreshadowing Hadrian's Villa, which were built by the emperors themselves and by other high-ranking Roman families.

Aqua Anio Novus

Anio Novus
In order to secure the water supply of the metropolis of Rome, the aqueduct Anio Novus was erected under Trajan, at which point he built the dammed lakes as water reservoirs.

Trajan

Emperor TrajanMarcus Ulpius TraianusTraianus
In order to secure the water supply of the metropolis of Rome, the aqueduct Anio Novus was erected under Trajan, at which point he built the dammed lakes as water reservoirs.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
Of the original three dams, two continued to be preserved into the middle ages, but the last dam burst after a flood in 1305.

Arcinazzo Romano

Arcinazzo
According to Arnold Esch, the original location of the dam is indisputedly the narrow area at the Ponte di San Mauro, the stream joining the Aniene at the road to Arcinazzo.

Abbey of Saint Scholastica, Subiaco

Subiaco AbbeyTerritorial Abbey of SubiacoAbbey of Santa Scolastica
In Subiaco Abbey (Sacro Speco), near Subiaco, an image by an unknown painter is found, which was produced in 1428, i.e. 123 years after the dam's destruction.

Tibi Dam

The dam remained the largest to have been built in Europe until 1594, when the 46 m Tibi Dam was built in Spain and the highest on Earth until the construction of the Kurit Dam around 1350.