Suez Canal

The southern terminus of the Suez Canal at Suez on the Gulf of Suez, at the northern end of the Red Sea
Aerial view of the Suez Canal at Suez
Canal of the Pharaohs, that followed Wadi Tumilat
Bathymetric chart, northern Gulf of Suez, route to Cairo, 1856
Suez Canal, 1869
Opening of the Suez Canal, 1869
1881 drawing of the Suez Canal
Suez Canal, Egypt. Early 1900s. Goodyear Archival Collection. Brooklyn Museum.
Nautical chart of the Suez Canal published shortly after the inauguration, with survey data from HMS Newport under George Nares.
Suez Canal, c. 1914
A ship sailing down the Suez Canal in 1955
Smoke rises from oil tanks beside the Suez Canal hit during the initial Anglo-French assault on Port Said, 5 November 1956.
Egyptian vehicles crossing the Suez Canal on 7 October 1973, during the Yom Kippur War
Israeli tank crossing the Suez Canal, 1973
2015 additions to the canal
Satellite image of Ever Given blocking the canal in March 2021
The canal in 2015
The old port of Trieste, one of the economic hubs in the 19th century
A graphical comparison between the Northern Sea Route (blue) and an alternative route through Suez Canal (red)
Suez Canal Economic Zone (SCZONE)
Suez Canal in February 1934. Air photograph taken by Swiss pilot and photographer Walter Mittelholzer.
{{USS|America|CV-66}}, an American aircraft carrier in the Suez Canal
Container ship Hanjin Kaohsiung transiting the Suez Canal
Ships moored at El Ballah during transit
Predominant currents in the Mediterranean Sea for June
Post-deepening, a capesize bulk carrier approaches the Friendship Bridge
Northbound convoy waits in the Great Bitter Lake as southbound convoy passes, October 2014

Artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez and dividing Africa and Asia.

- Suez Canal

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Suez Crisis

The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli war, also called the Tripartite Aggression (العدوان الثلاثي) in the Arab world and the Sinai War in Israel,

Damaged Egyptian vehicles
The location of the Suez Canal, which connects the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea.
Port Said, at the entrance to the Suez Canal from the Mediterranean.
Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies led an international committee in negotiations with Nasser in September 1956, which sought to achieve international management of the Suez Canal. The mission was a failure.
Israeli AMX-13, shown here from the rear and side
Anglo-French para drops on the Suez Canal and Israeli conquest of Sinai
Israeli M4A4 Shermans were also used in the Sinai campaign.
An Israeli Air Force Meteor in flight
Israeli paratrooper near the Mitla Pass
Israeli soldiers in the Sinai wave at a passing French plane
Israeli paratroopers dig in near the Parker Memorial
Israeli AMX-13 Light tank
Ibrahim el Awal after its capture by the Israeli Navy
A battle-damaged de Havilland Sea Venom on
A Hawker Sea Hawk of 899 Naval Air Squadron, armed with rockets, about to be launched from the aircraft carrier HMS Eagle for a strike on an Egyptian airfield
Smoke rises from oil tanks beside the Suez Canal hit during the initial Anglo-French assault on Port Said, 5 November 1956.
Troops of the Parachute Regiment escort a captured Egyptian soldier at Port Said
2ème RPC paratroopers patrol in Port Said, October 1956
A British link up between the 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment, and the Commandos at the Coast Guard barracks in Port Said. The paratroopers have with them a captured SU-100 tank destroyer, and the Commandos a Buffalo amphibious assault vehicle.
Presidents Eisenhower and Nasser meeting in New York, 1960
Statue of Ferdinand de Lesseps (a Frenchman who built the Suez Canal) was removed following the nationalisation of the Suez Canal in 1956.
An Israeli soldier stands next to an Egyptian gun that had blocked the Tiran Straits.

The aims were to regain control of the Suez Canal for the Western powers and to remove Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, who had just swiftly nationalised the foreign-owned Suez Canal Company, which administered the canal.


Any navigable body of water.

A floating market on one of Thailand's waterways
Classification of European inland waterways, adapted from UNECE Map of European Inland Waterways, 4th ed., 2010
The European waterway network, differentiating waterways by Class (I to VII)

Suez Canal

Suez Port

Photograph of the port and city which are the southern terminus of the Suez Canal that transits through Egypt and debouches into the Mediterranean Sea near Port Said

The Suez Port is an Egyptian port located at the southern boundary of the Suez Canal.

Great Bitter Lake

The Great Bitter Lake from Orbit (north is left)

The Great Bitter Lake (البحيرة المرة الكبرى; transliterated: al-Buḥayrah al-Murra al-Kubrā) is a large saltwater lake in Egypt that is part of the Suez Canal.

Nile Delta

Delta formed in Lower Egypt where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea.

NASA satellite photograph of the Nile Delta (shown in false color)
The Nile Delta at night as seen from the ISS in October 2010.
The Nile Delta, Northern Egypt
Nile River and Delta
Ancient branches of the Nile, showing Wadi Tumilat, and the lakes east of the Delta
The Nile delta at the time of Herodotus, according to James Rennell (1800)
Population density
Whiskered tern
Population density and low elevation coastal zones. The Nile delta is especially vulnerable to sea level rise.

The Suez Canal is east of the delta and enters the coastal Lake Manzala in the north-east of the delta.

Ferdinand de Lesseps

Caricature of de Lesseps by André Gill, 1867.
Lesseps' statue at the entrance of the Suez Canal, 1955; the outstretched hand indicated that the way was now open to the East.
Lesseps' statue displayed today in front of the Suez Canal International Museum in Ismailia.
Ferdinand de Lesseps' house and office in Ismailia, near the Suez Canal
Share of the Compagnie Universelle du Canal Interocéanique de Panama, issued 29. November 1880 – signed by Ferdinand de Lesseps
Piercing of the Isthmus of Panama, medal by Louis-Oscar Roty
The grave of Ferdinand de Lesseps, Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris

Ferdinand Marie, Comte de Lesseps (19 November 1805 – 7 December 1894) was a French diplomat and later developer of the Suez Canal, which in 1869 joined the Mediterranean and Red Seas, substantially reducing sailing distances and times between Europe and East Asia.

Isthmus of Suez

Nile River and delta from orbit

The Isthmus of Suez is the 75-mile-wide (125-km) land bridge that lies between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, east of the Suez Canal, the boundary between the continents of Africa and Asia.

Indian Ocean

Third-largest of the world's five oceanic divisions, covering 70560000 km2 or ~19.8% of the water on Earth's surface.

Extent of the Indian Ocean according to International Hydrographic Organization
The Indian Ocean, according to the CIA The World Factbook (blue area), and as defined by the IHO (black outline - excluding marginal waterbodies).
During summer, warm continental masses draw moist air from the Indian Ocean hence producing heavy rainfall. The process is reversed during winter, resulting in dry conditions.
Air pollution in South Asia spread over the Bay of Bengal and beyond.
Madagascar's Elephant bird, Mauritius's Dodo bird and ostrich (from left to right)
According to the Coastal hypothesis, modern humans spread from Africa along the northern rim of the Indian Ocean.
The Austronesian maritime trade network was the first trade routes in the Indian Ocean.
Greco-Roman trade with ancient India according to the Periplus Maris Erythraei 1st century CE
The economically important Silk Road was blocked from Europe by the Ottoman Empire in c. undefined 1453 with the fall of the Byzantine Empire. This spurred exploration, and a new sea route around Africa was found, triggering the Age of Discovery.
For most of the 16th century, the Portuguese dominated the Indian Ocean trade.
Malé's population has increased from 20,000 people in 1987 to more than 220,000 people in 2020.
An unnamed Chagossian on Diego Garcia in 1971 shortly before the British expelled the islanders when the island became a U.S. military base. The man spoke a French-based creole language and his ancestors were most likely brought to the uninhabited island as slaves in the 19th century.
Major ocean trade routes in the world includes the northern Indian Ocean.
Mombasa Port on Kenya's Indian Ocean coast

The Indian Ocean is artificially connected to the Mediterranean Sea without ship lock through the Suez Canal, which is accessible via the Red Sea.

Port Said

Port Said, Port Fuad and Suez Canal
Picture of a mosque in Portsaid
Ferdinand de Lesseps monument on the tourist jetty
French sailors and Indian troops at Port Said in 1914
Postcard of the Arab quarter of Port Said
The office of the Suez Canal Company in Port Said built in 1893
French map of Port Said, c. 1914
Admiralty Chart of Port Said, Published 1966
Streets of Port Said
Port Said Canal in 1880
Ferry on its way to Port Fouad
Al Masry Club Stadium
Beach of the Mediterranean Sea in Port Said
Headquarter of Suez Canal Authority in Port Said

Port Said (بورسعيد, ) is a city that lies in north east Egypt extending about 30 km along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, north of the Suez Canal.

Red Sea

Seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.

Red Sea coast at Makadi Bay
Tihama on the Red Sea near Khaukha, Yemen
Ancient Egyptian expedition to the Land of Punt on the Red Sea coast during the reign of Queen Hatshepsut
Settlements and commercial centers in the vicinity of the Red Sea involved in the spice trade, as described in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea
Annotated view of the Nile and Red Sea, with a dust storm
Dust storm over the Red Sea
Red Sea coast in Taba, Egypt
Hawksbill sea turtle in the Elphinstone Reef
Nudibranch egg ribbon at Shaab Mahmoud
Red Sea coral and marine fish
Hotels in Eilat, Israel
A four color map of the Red Sea and its bordering countries

To its north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal).