Suicide prevention

prevent suicidesprevent suicidepreventpreventionSeeking helpsuicidesuicide awareness and preventionsuicide help lineSuicide treatmentto prevent
Suicide prevention is a collection of efforts to reduce the risk of suicide.wikipedia
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Suicide

suicidalcommitted suicidesuicides
Effective suicide prevention efforts include limiting access to methods of suicide—such as firearms, drugs, and poisons; treating mental disorders and substance misuse; careful media reporting about suicide; and improving economic conditions.

Public health

Community MedicinehealthSchool of Public Health
General efforts include measures within the realms of medicine, mental health, and public health.
Common public health initiatives include promotion of handwashing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, suicide prevention, and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.

Suicide methods

Suicide by gunshotritual suicideself-inflicted gunshot wound
Some of the ways to prevent suicides include making methods less accessible such as removing guns from the home of an at risk person, policies that address the misuse of alcohol, and treatment of mental disorders.

Crisis hotline

suicide hotlinehotlinetelephone helpline
In the United States, the Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center was founded in 1958 and was the first in the country to provide a 24-hour suicide prevention crisis line and use community volunteers in providing hotline service.

Coping planning

healthy coping strategy
The coping planning approach to suicide prevention draws on the health-focused theory of coping.
It provides an alternative to the widely used, but non-evidence-based risk-assessment approach to suicide prevention.

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline

1-800-273-8255national suicide lifeline
The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (1-800-273-TALK [8255]) is a United States-based suicide prevention network of 161 crisis centers that provides a 24/7, toll-free hotline available to anyone in suicidal crisis or emotional distress.

International Association for Suicide Prevention

The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) is an international suicide prevention organization.

The Trevor Project

Trevor ProjectIt Gets BetterThe Trevor Helpline
The Trevor Project is an American non-profit organization founded in 1998 focused on suicide prevention efforts among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and questioning (LGBTQ) youth.

Suicide Prevention Action Network USA

Suicide Prevention Action NetworkSuicide prevention
The Suicide Prevention Action Network USA (SPAN USA) is the nation's only suicide prevention organization dedicated to leveraging grassroots support among suicide survivors (those who have lost a loved one to suicide) and others to advance public policies that help prevent suicide.

World Suicide Prevention Day

According to WHO's Mental health Atlas released in 2014, no low-income country reported having a national suicide prevention strategy, while less than 10% of lower-middle income countries, and almost a third of upper-middle and high-income countries had.

IS PATH WARM?

There are various screening tools in the form of self-report questionnaires to help identify those at risk such as the Beck Hopelessness Scale and Is Path Warm?.
According to a review of school-based suicide prevention, an additional concern is that the IS PATH WARM warning signs were based on risk factors for suicide that appear across the lifespan.

The Jed Foundation

Jed FoundationLove is LouderLove Is Louder Than the Pressure to Be Perfect

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
General efforts include measures within the realms of medicine, mental health, and public health.

Mental health

behavioral healthmentalmental hygiene
General efforts include measures within the realms of medicine, mental health, and public health.

Social support

supportinterpersonal supportsocial
Because protective factors such as social support and social engagement—as well as environmental risk factors such as access to lethal means— play roles in suicide, suicide is not solely a medical or mental-health issue.

Social engagement

engagement ratesocial involvementengagement
Because protective factors such as social support and social engagement—as well as environmental risk factors such as access to lethal means— play roles in suicide, suicide is not solely a medical or mental-health issue.

Coping

coping mechanismcoping strategiescope
The coping planning approach to suicide prevention draws on the health-focused theory of coping.

Risk factor

risk factorsdeterminantsacute health hazard

Lithium

Lilithium ionLi +
The medication lithium may be useful in certain situations to reduce the risk of suicide.

Coal gas

town gasgascoal-gas
One of the most famous historical examples, of means reduction, is that of coal gas in the United Kingdom.

Second Amendment to the United States Constitution

Second Amendment2nd AmendmentSecond
Although restrictions on access to firearms have reduced firearm suicide rates in other countries, such restrictions is difficult in the United States because the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution limits large scale restrictions on weapons.

Weapon

weaponsarmsarmament
Although restrictions on access to firearms have reduced firearm suicide rates in other countries, such restrictions is difficult in the United States because the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution limits large scale restrictions on weapons.

Vicarious traumatization

vicarious
It has also been suggested by NSSP that media should prevent romanticising of negative emotions and coping strategies which can lead to vicarious traumatization.

Suicide epidemic

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (from a 1994 workshop) and the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (1999) have suggested that TV shows and news media can help prevent suicide by linking suicide with negative outcomes such as pain for the suicide and their survivors, conveying that the majority of people choose something other than suicide in order to solve their problems, avoiding mentioning suicide epidemics, and avoiding presenting authorities or sympathetic, ordinary people as spokespersons for the reasonableness of suicide.