SultanateSultansSulṭānsultanatesMalay sultanateSaltanatmfalumeOttoman SultanSoltanJumbe
Sultan is a position with several historical meanings.wikipedia
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Sultana (title)

As a feminine form of sultan, used by Westerners, is Sultana or Sultanah and this title has been used legally for some (not all) Muslim women monarchs and sultan's mothers and chief consorts.
Sultana or sultanah is a female royal title, and the feminine form of the word sultan.

Queen consort

QueenconsortEmpress consort
The queen consort in Brunei especially is known as Raja Isteri with the title of Pengiran Anak suffixed, should the queen consort also be a royal princess.
In Brunei, the wife of the Sultan is known as a Raja Isteri with prefix Pengiran Anak, equivalent to queen consort in English, as were the consorts of tsars when Bulgaria was still a monarchy.


The term is distinct from king, despite both referring to a sovereign ruler.
The title of king is used alongside other titles for monarchs: in the West, emperor, grand prince, prince, archduke, duke or grand duke, and in the Middle East, malik, sultan, emir or hakim, etc. The term king may also refer to a king consort, a title that is sometimes given to the husband of a ruling queen, but the title of prince consort is sometimes granted instead.

Sultan of Sultans

Sultan us-SelatinSulṭānü's-Selāṭīn
But this title was firstly used by Sultan of Delhi Sultanate in Persian context.

Mahmud of Ghazni

MahmudSultan Mahmud GhaznaviMahmud of Ghaznavid
He was the first ruler to hold the title Sultan ("authority"), signifying the extent of his power while at the same time preserving an ideological link to the suzerainty of the Abbasid Caliphate.


Brunei DarussalamBruneianNegara Brunei Darussalam
The queen consort in Brunei especially is known as Raja Isteri with the title of Pengiran Anak suffixed, should the queen consort also be a royal princess.
Scholars claim that the power of the Sultanate of Brunei was at its peak between the 15th and 17th centuries, with its power extending from northern Borneo to the southern Philippines (Sulu) and even in the northern Philippines (Manila) which Brunei incorporated via territorial acquisition accomplished through royal marriages.

Mahra Sultanate

MahraMahra Sultanate of Qishn and SocotraBanu Afrar clan of Qishn
The Mahra Sultanate, known in its later years as the Mahra State of Qishn and Socotra or sometimes the Mahra Sultanate of Ghayda and Socotra was a sultanate that included the historical region of Mahra and the Indian Ocean island of Socotra in what is now eastern Yemen.


Banu KathirKathiri StateKathiri State of Seiyun in Hadhramaut
Kathiri, officially the Kathiri State of Seiyun in Hadhramaut was a sultanate in the Hadhramaut region of the southern Arabian Peninsula, in what is now part of Yemen and the Dhofari region of Oman.


Qu'aiti SultanatePrince Chad Al-Sherif PashaPrincess Muzna bint Ghalib Al Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti, officially the Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut or the Qu'aiti Sultanate of Shihr and Mukalla, was a sultanate in the Hadhramaut region of the southern Arabian Peninsula, in what is now Yemen.


In some cases, they attained the rank of sultan, while in others they held regional power as emirs or beys.

Imperial, royal and noble ranks

ranknoble titlehigh nobility
Sultan is a position with several historical meanings.

Fadhli Sultanate

FadhliSultan Ahmed Bin FadhlSultan of Fadhli
Fadhli, or the Fadhli Sultanate, was an independent sultanate on the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula from at least the 15th century until 1967.


Sultanate of OmanOmaniOmani Empire
The Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said has been the hereditary leader of the country, an absolute monarchy, since 1970.

Elisu Sultanate

Elisusultanate of ElisuSavakhvakho Dynasty
*Elisu Sultanate and a few others.
In local usage a Sultan was below a Khan and above a Bey.

History of Islam

Islamic historyMuslim historyhistory
The female leaders in Muslim history are correctly known as "sultanas".
Politically, the Abbasid Caliphate evolved into an Islamic monarchy (unitary system of government.) The regional Sultanate and Emirate governors' existence, validity, or legality were acknowledged for unity of the state.

Sultanate of Lahej

LahejSultan of LahejAbdali
The Sultanate became self-ruled in 1728 and gained independence in 1740.


EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Egypt was always a difficult province for the Ottoman Sultans to control, due in part to the continuing power and influence of the Mamluks, the Egyptian military caste who had ruled the country for centuries.

Ajuran Sultanate

Ajuran EmpireAjuranAjuran period
They belonged to the Somali Muslim sultanate that ruled over large parts of the Horn of Africa in the Middle Ages.

Adal Sultanate

AdalSultanate of AdalAdal Kingdom
spelling Adel Sultanate), was a Muslim Somali kingdom and sultanate located in the Horn of Africa.

Sultanate of Bagirmi

BaguirmiKingdom of BaguirmiBagirmi
The Sultanate or Kingdom of Bagirmi or Baghermi (Royaume du Baguirmi) was a kingdom and Islamic sultanate southeast of Lake Chad in central Africa.


Wahidi Sultanate
Wahidi is a former sultanate in South Arabia, now part of Yemen.

Dar Sila

Dar Sila Daju
Dar Sila is the name of the wandering sultanate of the Dar Sila Daju, a multi-tribal ethnic group in Chad and Sudan.


Habar YoonisHabr YunisEidagale
They are the traditional holders of the Isaaq Sultanate since the late 18th century.

Sultanate of the Geledi

Geledi SultanateGelediGobroon Dynasty
The Sultanate was governed by the Gobroon Dynasty.


dynasticroyal housedynasties
The adjective form of the word is "sultanic", and the dynasty and lands ruled by a sultan are referred to as a sultanate (سلطنة ).