Sultanate of Hobyo

Sultan of Hobyo
The Sultanate of Hobyo (Saldanadda Hobyo, سلطنة هوبيو), also known as the Sultanate of Obbia, was a 19th-century Somali kingdom in present-day northeastern and central Somalia and eastern Ethiopia.wikipedia
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Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
The Sultanate of Hobyo (Saldanadda Hobyo, سلطنة هوبيو), also known as the Sultanate of Obbia, was a 19th-century Somali kingdom in present-day northeastern and central Somalia and eastern Ethiopia.
Italy acquired full control of the northeastern, central and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the Campaign of the Sultanates against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo.

Yusuf Ali Kenadid

Yusuf Ali Keenadid
It was established in 1870s by Yusuf Ali Kenadid, cousin of the Majeerteen Sultanate ruler Boqor Osman Mahamuud, after overpowering the local Hawiye clans.
He was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo in the 1870s.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
The Sultanate of Hobyo (Saldanadda Hobyo, سلطنة هوبيو), also known as the Sultanate of Obbia, was a 19th-century Somali kingdom in present-day northeastern and central Somalia and eastern Ethiopia.
The Majeerteen Sultanate was nearly destroyed in the late-1800s by a power struggle between Boqor (King) Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate and his ambitious cousin, Yusuf Ali Kenadid who founded a separate Kingdom, Sultanate of Hobyo in 1878.

Ali Yusuf Kenadid

Ali Yusuf
Initially, Ali Yusuf Kenadid's goal was to seize control of the neighbouring Majeerteen Sultanate, which was then ruled by his cousin Boqor Osman Mahamud.
He was the second Sultan of the Sultanate of Hobyo.

Majeerteen Sultanate

MajeerteenMigiurtiniaMajerteen Sultanate
It was established in 1870s by Yusuf Ali Kenadid, cousin of the Majeerteen Sultanate ruler Boqor Osman Mahamuud, after overpowering the local Hawiye clans.
With their assistance along with aid and weaponry from Boqor Osman, he managed to overpower the local Hawiye clans and establish the separate Sultanate of Hobyo (Obbia) in 1878.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
In late 1888, Sultan Kenadid entered into a treaty with the Italians, making his realm an Italian protectorate.
Ruled in the 19th century by the Somali Majeerteen Sultanate and the Sultanate of Hobyo, the territory was later acquired in the 1880s by Italy through various treaties.

Osman Mahamuud

Osman MahamudBoqor Osman Mahamud
It was established in 1870s by Yusuf Ali Kenadid, cousin of the Majeerteen Sultanate ruler Boqor Osman Mahamuud, after overpowering the local Hawiye clans. Initially, Ali Yusuf Kenadid's goal was to seize control of the neighbouring Majeerteen Sultanate, which was then ruled by his cousin Boqor Osman Mahamud.

Protectorate

British Protectorateprotectionprotectorates
In late 1888, Sultan Kenadid entered into a treaty with the Italians, making his realm an Italian protectorate.

Somali aristocratic and court titles

Somali SultanatesAwnaa'ibs
Famous Sultans include Fakr ad-Din, the first Sultan of the Sultanate of Mogadishu, who built the 13th-century Fakr ad-Din Mosque; Nur Ahmed Aman, Sultan of the Habr Yunis and one of the founders of the Dervish state Mohamoud Ali Shire, the 1st Sultan of the Warsangali Sultanate; Mahmud IV, who reigned in the early 19th century as one of the first Sultans of the Majeerteen Sultanate; Yusuf Ali Kenadid, founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo; and Ibrahim Adeer, founder of the Geledi Sultanate.

Hobyo

ObbiaHobbio
In the 1870s, Hobyo was conquered by Yusuf Ali Kenadid after overpowering the local hawiye clans and subsequently established the Sultanate of Hobyo which he ruled until 1925.

List of Sunni dynasties

List of Sunni Muslim dynastiesIslamic sultanateList of Muslim dynasties

Galkayo

GalkacyoGaalkacyoGalcaio
The Cumar-Samatar Secondary School in central Galkacyo is named after Omar Samatar in remembrance of his struggles and sacrifices.

Mohamoud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamoud Ali ShireMahmoud Ali ShireMohamoud Ali Shirreh

Ethiopia

EthiopianAbyssiniaFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
The Sultanate of Hobyo (Saldanadda Hobyo, سلطنة هوبيو), also known as the Sultanate of Obbia, was a 19th-century Somali kingdom in present-day northeastern and central Somalia and eastern Ethiopia.

Hawiye

MurusadeMuduloodMoobleen
It was established in 1870s by Yusuf Ali Kenadid, cousin of the Majeerteen Sultanate ruler Boqor Osman Mahamuud, after overpowering the local Hawiye clans.

Yemen

Republic of YemenYemeniJemen
However, he was unsuccessful in this endeavour, and was eventually forced into exile in Yemen.

Arabian Peninsula

ArabiaArabianArab Peninsula
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.

Hadhramaut

HadramautHadramawtHadhramawt
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.

Musketeer

musketeersMousquetairearquebusiers
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.

Oman

Sultanate of OmanOmaniOmani Empire
Both rulers had signed the protectorate treaties to advance their own expansionist objectives, with Kenadid looking to use Italy's support in his dispute with the Omani Sultan of Zanzibar over an area bordering Warsheikh, in addition to his ongoing power struggle over the Majeerteen Sultanate with Boqor Osman.

List of Sultans of Zanzibar

Sultan of ZanzibarSultanSultans of Zanzibar
Both rulers had signed the protectorate treaties to advance their own expansionist objectives, with Kenadid looking to use Italy's support in his dispute with the Omani Sultan of Zanzibar over an area bordering Warsheikh, in addition to his ongoing power struggle over the Majeerteen Sultanate with Boqor Osman.

Warsheikh

Warsheekh
Both rulers had signed the protectorate treaties to advance their own expansionist objectives, with Kenadid looking to use Italy's support in his dispute with the Omani Sultan of Zanzibar over an area bordering Warsheikh, in addition to his ongoing power struggle over the Majeerteen Sultanate with Boqor Osman.

British Somaliland

SomalilandSomaliland ProtectorateBritish Somaliland Protectorate
However, the relationship between Hobyo and Italy soured when Sultan Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces.

Mohammed Abdullah Hassan

Mad MullahSayyid Mohammed Abdullah HassanMuhammad Abdullah Hassan
However, the relationship between Hobyo and Italy soured when Sultan Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces.

Dervish movement (Somali)

Dervish StateDervish movementDervish
However, the relationship between Hobyo and Italy soured when Sultan Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces.