Sumatra

SumateraSumatra IslandSumatranEastern SumatraNorthern SumatraSumatra, IndonesiaSumatran islandsAndalasCentral SumatraGreat Mandheling district
Sumatra is one of the Sunda Islands of western Indonesia.wikipedia
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List of islands by area

world's largest islandlargest island in the worldlargest islands in the world
It is the largest island that is located entirely in Indonesia and the sixth-largest island in the world at 473,481 km 2 (not including adjacent islands such as the Riau Islands and Bangka Belitung Islands).

Nias

Nias IslandNias areaNias en omliggend eiland
The Indian Ocean borders the west, northwest, and southwest coasts of Sumatra with the island chain of Simeulue, Nias and Mentawai off the western coast.
Nias (Pulau Nias, Nias language: Tanö Niha) is an island located off the western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.

Mentawai Islands Regency

Mentawai IslandsMentawaiMentawai Archipelago
The Indian Ocean borders the west, northwest, and southwest coasts of Sumatra with the island chain of Simeulue, Nias and Mentawai off the western coast.
The Mentawai Islands Regency are a chain of about seventy islands and islets approximately 150 km off the western coast of Sumatra in Indonesia.

Strait of Malacca

Straits of MalaccaMalacca StraitMalacca Straits
In the northeast the narrow Strait of Malacca separates the island from the Malay Peninsula, which is an extension of the Eurasian continent.
The Strait of Malacca (Selat Melaka, Selat Malaka, ช่องแคบมะละกา, மலாக்கா நீரிணை, 马六甲海峡) or Straits of Malacca is a narrow, 550 mi stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

Simeulue

Simeulue IslandSimeuluëisland of Simeulue
The Indian Ocean borders the west, northwest, and southwest coasts of Sumatra with the island chain of Simeulue, Nias and Mentawai off the western coast.
Simeulue is an island of Indonesia, 150 km off the west coast of Sumatra.

Sunda Strait

Sunda StraitsStraits of SundaSunda
In the southeast the narrow Sunda Strait, containing the Krakatoa Archipelago, separates Sumatra from Java.
The Sunda Strait (Indonesian: Selat Sunda) is the strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra.

West Sumatra

West SumateraMinangkabauEmblem of West Sumatra
The equator crosses the island at its center in West Sumatra and Riau provinces.
It is located on the west coast of the island of Sumatra.

Riau

Riau ProvinceEmblem of RiauRiau Indonesian
The equator crosses the island at its center in West Sumatra and Riau provinces.
It is located in the central eastern coast of Sumatra along the Strait of Malacca.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
Sumatra is one of the Sunda Islands of western Indonesia.
The earliest evidence of Islamized populations in the archipelago dates to the 13th century in northern Sumatra.

Karimata Strait

Caramata PassageCarimata PassageKarimata
The northern tip of Sumatra borders the Andaman Islands, while off the southeastern coast lie the islands of Bangka and Belitung, Karimata Strait and the Java Sea.
The Karimata Strait (Selat Karimata) also spelled Carimata or Caramata is the wide strait that connects the South China Sea to the Java Sea, separating the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Borneo (Kalimantan).

Java Sea

JavaLaut Jawa
The northern tip of Sumatra borders the Andaman Islands, while off the southeastern coast lie the islands of Bangka and Belitung, Karimata Strait and the Java Sea.
It lies between the Indonesian islands of Borneo to the north, Java to the south, Sumatra to the west, and Sulawesi to the east.

Sumatran tiger

Sumatran tigersSumatrantiger
Many species are now critically endangered, such as the Sumatran ground cuckoo, the Sumatran tiger, the Sumatran elephant, the Sumatran rhinoceros, and the Sumatran orangutan.
The Sumatran tiger is a Panthera tigris sondaica population in the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

Sumatran orangutan

Pongo abeliiorangutanSumatran
Many species are now critically endangered, such as the Sumatran ground cuckoo, the Sumatran tiger, the Sumatran elephant, the Sumatran rhinoceros, and the Sumatran orangutan.
Found only in the north of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, it is rarer than the Bornean orangutan but more common than the recently identified Tapanuli orangutan, also of Sumatra.

Sumatran rhinoceros

Sumatran rhinoDicerorhinus sumatrensisWestern Sumatran rhinoceros
Many species are now critically endangered, such as the Sumatran ground cuckoo, the Sumatran tiger, the Sumatran elephant, the Sumatran rhinoceros, and the Sumatran orangutan.
They are now critically endangered, with only five substantial populations in the wild: four in Sumatra and one in Borneo.

Java

Java IslandJavaneseJava, Indonesia
In the southeast the narrow Sunda Strait, containing the Krakatoa Archipelago, separates Sumatra from Java.
Java lies between Sumatra to the west and Bali to the east.

2013 Southeast Asian haze

2013hazehaze conditions in Singapore
Deforestation on the island has also resulted in serious seasonal smoke haze over neighbouring countries, such as the 2013 Southeast Asian haze causing considerable tensions between Indonesia and affected countries Malaysia and Singapore.
The haze period was caused by large-scale burning in many parts of Sumatra and Borneo.

Krakatoa archipelago

Poolsche HoedCalmeyerSteers (island)
In the southeast the narrow Sunda Strait, containing the Krakatoa Archipelago, separates Sumatra from Java.
The Krakatoa Archipelago is a small uninhabited archipelago of volcanic islands formed by the Krakatoa stratovolcano located in the Sunda Strait, nestled between the much larger islands of Java and Sumatra.

Sumatran elephant

E. m. sumatranusElephas maximus sumatranussumatranus
Many species are now critically endangered, such as the Sumatran ground cuckoo, the Sumatran tiger, the Sumatran elephant, the Sumatran rhinoceros, and the Sumatran orangutan.
The Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant, and native to the Indonesia island of Sumatra.

Lamuri Kingdom

LamuriLambriIlamuri-Desam
Arab geographers referred to the island as Lamri (Lamuri, Lambri or Ramni) in the tenth through thirteenth centuries, in reference to a kingdom near modern-day Banda Aceh which was the first landfall for traders.
Lamuri (or Lambri) was a kingdom in northern Sumatra, Indonesia from the Srivijaya period until the early 16th century.

Samudera Pasai Sultanate

PasaiSamudra PasaiSamudera Pasai
Late in the 14th century the name Sumatra became popular in reference to the kingdom of Samudra Pasai, a rising power until replaced by the Sultanate of Aceh.
Samudera Pasai, also known as Samudera or Pasai or Samudera Darussalam or Pacem, was a Muslim harbour kingdom on the north coast of Sumatra from the 13th to the 16th centuries CE.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya
Deforestation on the island has also resulted in serious seasonal smoke haze over neighbouring countries, such as the 2013 Southeast Asian haze causing considerable tensions between Indonesia and affected countries Malaysia and Singapore.
This term was applied to describe the strong current of the river Melayu in Sumatra.

Banda Aceh

KutarajaAcehBanda Aceh, Indonesia
Arab geographers referred to the island as Lamri (Lamuri, Lambri or Ramni) in the tenth through thirteenth centuries, in reference to a kingdom near modern-day Banda Aceh which was the first landfall for traders.
It is located on the island of Sumatra and has an elevation of 35 meters.

Malay Peninsula

MalayaThai-Malay PeninsulaMalayan Peninsula
In the northeast the narrow Strait of Malacca separates the island from the Malay Peninsula, which is an extension of the Eurasian continent.
The Strait of Malacca separates the Malay Peninsula from the Indonesian island of Sumatra while the south coast is separated from the island of Singapore by the Straits of Johor.

Sunda Islands

SundaSundasSunda archipelago
Sumatra is one of the Sunda Islands of western Indonesia.

Sumatran ground cuckoo

Sumatran ground-cuckoo
Many species are now critically endangered, such as the Sumatran ground cuckoo, the Sumatran tiger, the Sumatran elephant, the Sumatran rhinoceros, and the Sumatran orangutan.
The Sumatran ground cuckoo is endemic to Indonesia and is found exclusively on the island of Sumatra.