SuperPaint

SuperPaint was a pioneering graphics program and framebuffer computer system developed by Richard Shoup at Xerox PARC. The system was first conceptualized in late 1972 and produced its first stable image in April 1973.wikipedia
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Framebuffer

frame bufferscreen bufferframe buffers
SuperPaint was a pioneering graphics program and framebuffer computer system developed by Richard Shoup at Xerox PARC.
This led to the development of the SuperPaint system by Richard Shoup at Xerox PARC in 1972.

Graphics software

image editorimage editing softwaregraphics editor
SuperPaint was a pioneering graphics program and framebuffer computer system developed by Richard Shoup at Xerox PARC.
SuperPaint (1973) was one of the earliest graphics software applications.

Richard Shoup (programmer)

Richard ShoupDick Shoup
SuperPaint was a pioneering graphics program and framebuffer computer system developed by Richard Shoup at Xerox PARC.
In 1973, while working as one of the first employees at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, he built SuperPaint, one of the first image editing programs.

Alvy Ray Smith

Dr. Alvy Ray Smith
Due to differences with management at PARC, Shoup left Xerox in 1979 to found graphics company Aurora Systems, while colleague Alvy Ray Smith went to work at New York Institute of Technology.
While at Xerox PARC in 1974, Smith worked with Richard Shoup on SuperPaint, one of the first computer raster graphics editor, or 'paint', programs.

PARC (company)

Xerox PARCPARCPalo Alto Research Center
SuperPaint was a pioneering graphics program and framebuffer computer system developed by Richard Shoup at Xerox PARC.

Video editing

editingeditededitor
SuperPaint was among the earliest uses of computer technology for creative artworks, video editing, and computer animation, all of which would become major areas within the entertainment industry and major components of industrial design.

Color

colourcolourscolors
SuperPaint was also the first program to use now-ubiquitous features in common computer graphics programs such as changing hue, saturation and value of graphical data, choosing from a preset color palette, custom polygons and lines, virtual paintbrushes and pencils, and auto-filling of images.

Polygon

polygonalpolygonsn''-gonal
SuperPaint was also the first program to use now-ubiquitous features in common computer graphics programs such as changing hue, saturation and value of graphical data, choosing from a preset color palette, custom polygons and lines, virtual paintbrushes and pencils, and auto-filling of images.

Graphical user interface

GUIgraphicalgraphical interface
SuperPaint was also one of the first graphics programs to use a graphical user interface and was one of the earliest to feature anti-aliasing.

Spatial anti-aliasing

anti-aliasinganti-aliasedantialiasing
SuperPaint was also one of the first graphics programs to use a graphical user interface and was one of the earliest to feature anti-aliasing.

Television

TVtelevisedtelevisions
SuperPaint was used in the mid-1970s to make custom television graphics for KQED-TV in San Francisco, and later to make technical graphics and animations for the NASA Pioneer Venus project mission in 1978.

KQED (TV)

KQEDKQED-TVKQET
SuperPaint was used in the mid-1970s to make custom television graphics for KQED-TV in San Francisco, and later to make technical graphics and animations for the NASA Pioneer Venus project mission in 1978.

Pioneer Venus project

Pioneer VenusPioneer Venus OrbiterPioneer mission to Venus
SuperPaint was used in the mid-1970s to make custom television graphics for KQED-TV in San Francisco, and later to make technical graphics and animations for the NASA Pioneer Venus project mission in 1978.

New York Institute of Technology

NYITNew York TechEllis College
Due to differences with management at PARC, Shoup left Xerox in 1979 to found graphics company Aurora Systems, while colleague Alvy Ray Smith went to work at New York Institute of Technology.

Industrial Light & Magic

Industrial Light and MagicILMILMxLAB
In 1980, Smith and others joined Industrial Light & Magic, George Lucas' movie special effects firm, and this group later founded Pixar.

Pixar

Pixar Animation StudiosDisney PixarDisney/Pixar
In 1980, Smith and others joined Industrial Light & Magic, George Lucas' movie special effects firm, and this group later founded Pixar.

Emmy Award

EmmyEmmy AwardsEmmys
Shoup won an Emmy Award in 1983, and an Academy Award shared with Smith and Thomas Porter in 1998, for his development of SuperPaint.

Academy Awards

Academy AwardOscarOscars
Shoup won an Emmy Award in 1983, and an Academy Award shared with Smith and Thomas Porter in 1998, for his development of SuperPaint.

Tom Porter (computer scientist)

Tom PorterThomas PorterT. Porter
Shoup won an Emmy Award in 1983, and an Academy Award shared with Smith and Thomas Porter in 1998, for his development of SuperPaint.

Data General Nova

NovaData General Nova 800Data General Nova 2
The SuperPaint system was a custom computer system built around a Data General Nova 800 minicomputer CPU and a hand-wired shift register framebuffer.

Minicomputer

minicomputersmini-computermini
The SuperPaint system was a custom computer system built around a Data General Nova 800 minicomputer CPU and a hand-wired shift register framebuffer.

Shift register

shift registersCirculating Memoryshift-register
The SuperPaint system was a custom computer system built around a Data General Nova 800 minicomputer CPU and a hand-wired shift register framebuffer.

Scan line

scanlinescan linesscanlines
Rather, a given position could be accessed only when the desired scan-line and pixel time rolled around.

NTSC

analogNTSC-M30p
Also included in the SuperPaint configuration was an 8-bit video digitizer, and direct conversion to standard NTSC video.

Computer History Museum

Boston Computer MuseumComputer History Museum Fellow AwardComputer Museum
The system is now in the permanent collection of the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California.