Supraorbital nerve

supraorbitalSupra-orbital nervesuperior orbital nervesupra-orbital
The supraorbital nerve is a terminal branch of the trigeminal nerve.wikipedia
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Supraorbital foramen

supraorbitalsupraorbital notchbone
It passes through the supraorbital foramen, and gives off, in this situation, palpebral filaments to the upper eyelid.
The supraorbital foramen arches transversely below the superciliary arches and is the upper part of the brow ridge, thin and prominent in its lateral two-thirds, rounded in its medial third, and presenting, at the junction of these two portions, the supraorbital foramen or notch for the supraorbital nerve and vessels (supraorbital artery and supraorbital vein.)

Eyelid

eyelidspalpebralpalpebra
It passes through the supraorbital foramen, and gives off, in this situation, palpebral filaments to the upper eyelid.
In humans, the sensory nerve supply to the upper eyelids is from the infratrochlear, supratrochlear, supraorbital and the lacrimal nerves from the ophthalmic branch (V1) of the trigeminal nerve (CN V).

Conjunctiva

conjunctivalbulbar conjunctivaconjunctival sac
Additionally it supplies the conjunctiva of the eye, the frontal sinus and the skin from the forehead extending back to the middle of the scalp.

Frontal sinus

frontalfrontal sinusesfrontal air sinus
Additionally it supplies the conjunctiva of the eye, the frontal sinus and the skin from the forehead extending back to the middle of the scalp.
The mucous membrane in this sinus is innervated by the supraorbital nerve, which carries the postganglionic parasympathetic nerve fibers for mucous secretion from the ophthalmic nerve and supplied by the supraorbital artery and anterior ethmoidal artery.

Supraorbital artery

supraorbitalsupra-orbitalSupra-orbital artery
It passes upward on the medial borders of the superior rectus muscle and levator palpebrae superioris, meeting the supraorbital nerve accompanies it between the roof of the orbit and levator palpebrae superioris to the supraorbital notch.

Frontal nerve

frontal
Midway between the apex and base of the orbit it divides into two branches, supratrochlear nerve and supraorbital nerve.

Trigeminal nerve

trigeminalCN VV
The supraorbital nerve is a terminal branch of the trigeminal nerve.

Periosteum

pericraniumsubperiostealperiosteal
Both branches supply small twigs to the pericranium.

Procerus muscle

procerusdepressor glabellaePyramidalis nasi
The procerus muscle (or pyramidalis nasi) is a small pyramidal slip of muscle deep to the superior orbital nerve, artery and vein.

Migraine surgery

The nerves that are most often addressed in migraine surgery are found outside of the skull, in the face and neck, and include the supra-orbital and supra-trochlear nerves in the forehead, the zygomaticotemporal nerve and auriculotemporal nerves in the temple region, and the greater occipital, lesser occipital, and third occipital nerves in the back of the neck.

Migraine treatment

treatment
Thus far, three muscle trigger areas where the nerve passes through a muscle have been identified as surgical candidates – where the a) greater occipital nerve pierces through the semispinalis capitis muscle, b) the zygomaticotemporal nerve passes through the temporalis muscle, and c) the supraorbital/supratrochlear nerves pass through the glabellar muscle group (the corrugator supercilii, depressor supercilii, and procerus muscles).

Supratrochlear nerve

supratrochlearsupra-trochlear nerves
It is smaller than the nearby supraorbital nerve.

IgG4-related ophthalmic disease

Frequently involved structures include the lacrimal glands, extraocular muscles, infraorbital nerve, supraorbital nerve and eyelids.

Eyebrow piercing

eyebrows
Care must be taken if the eyebrow is pierced further in than directly above the eye, because of the presence of supra-orbital nerves.