Supreme Court of Pakistan

Supreme CourtPakistan Supreme CourtPakistani Supreme Courtjudicialcountry's judiciaryJudge Supreme Courtjudicaturejudicial inquiriesJudiciaryJudiciary of Pakistan
The Supreme Court of Pakistan (undefined; Adālat-e-Uzma Pākistān) is the apex court in the of Pakistan.wikipedia
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Constitution of Pakistan

Constitution1973 Constitution1973 Constitution of Pakistan
Established in accordance to the Part VII of the Constitution of Pakistan, it has ultimate and extensive appellate, original, and advisory jurisdictions on all courts (including the high courts, district, special and Shariat court), involving issues of laws and may act on the verdicts rendered on the cases in context in which it enjoys jurisdiction. The ratification of the Constitution of Pakistan reestablished the Supreme Court in 1956, replacing the name "Federal Court" to "Supreme Court", initially had its seat in Karachi where the Sindh High Court exists now.
The first three chapters establish the rules, mandate, and separate powers of the three branches of the government: a bicameral legislature; an executive branch governed by the Prime Minister as chief executive; and an apex federal judiciary headed by Supreme Court.

List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan

Senior JusticeJusticesenior justices
In its modern composition, the Supreme Court is incorporated of Chief Justice of Pakistan, sixteen justices and two ad-hoc who are confirmed to their appointment by the President upon their nominations from the Prime Minister's selection based on their merited qualifications.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan is the highest and apex court in the judicial hierarchy in Pakistan.

Chief Justice of Pakistan

Chief JusticeChief Justices of Pakistan13th Chief Justice of Pakistan
In its modern composition, the Supreme Court is incorporated of Chief Justice of Pakistan, sixteen justices and two ad-hoc who are confirmed to their appointment by the President upon their nominations from the Prime Minister's selection based on their merited qualifications. In 1997, Chief Justice S.A. Shah found Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of contempt of court but the order itself was voided by the Supreme Judicial Council. In 1960, Justice Alvin Robert Cornelius became the first Christian to be served as Chief Justice, while George Constantine also served in the Court.
The chief justice of Pakistan (initials as CJP) is the head of the court system of Pakistan (the judicature branch of government) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

High Courts of Pakistan

High CourtHigh CourtsChief Justices of the High Courts
Established in accordance to the Part VII of the Constitution of Pakistan, it has ultimate and extensive appellate, original, and advisory jurisdictions on all courts (including the high courts, district, special and Shariat court), involving issues of laws and may act on the verdicts rendered on the cases in context in which it enjoys jurisdiction.
This proposal was blocked by the Lahore High Court but that decision was overturned by the Supreme Court of Pakistan on 24 December 2007.

Supreme Court of Pakistan Building

Supreme Court Buildingjudicial complexSupreme Court
The Supreme Court has a permanent seat in Islamabad and meets at the Supreme Court Building at the Constitution Avenue.
The Supreme Court Building is the official and principal site for the Supreme Court of Pakistan, located at 44000 Constitution Avenue in Islamabad, Pakistan.

Supreme court

court of last resorthighest courtsupreme
The Supreme Court of Pakistan (undefined; Adālat-e-Uzma Pākistān) is the apex court in the of Pakistan.
The Supreme Court has been the apex court for Pakistan since the declaration of the republic in 1956 (previously the Privy Council had that function).

Anti Terrorism Court of Pakistan

Anti-Terrorism CourtAnti Terrorism CourtAnti-Terrorism Courts
Established in accordance to the Part VII of the Constitution of Pakistan, it has ultimate and extensive appellate, original, and advisory jurisdictions on all courts (including the high courts, district, special and Shariat court), involving issues of laws and may act on the verdicts rendered on the cases in context in which it enjoys jurisdiction.
It has been created by the 1997 Anti-Terrorist Act, amended on 24 October 1998 by the Anti-Terrorism (Amendment) Ordinance following the Supreme Court judgement (Merham Ali versus Federation of Pakistan, 1998) declaring most of its provisions unconstitutional.

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
The Supreme Court of Pakistan (undefined; Adālat-e-Uzma Pākistān) is the apex court in the of Pakistan.
The court system is organised as a hierarchy, with the Supreme Court at the apex, below which are High Courts, Federal Shariat Courts (one in each province and one in the federal capital), District Courts (one in each district), Judicial Magistrate Courts (in every town and city), Executive Magistrate Courts, and civil courts.

Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui

Saeed-uz-Zaman SiddiquiS.Z. Siddiqui
In 1997, judicial crises reached its peak when Supreme Judicial Council took up the case against Justice Shah's appointment who eventually resigned from his office and succeeded by conservative jurist Ajmal Mian, only to be replaced with conservative jurist Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui as the new Chief Justice.
Saeed Uz Zaman Siddiqui (1 December 1937 – 11 January 2017) (pronunciation 'sa'eed -uz- zam'an'; alternatively Saiduzzaman Siddiqui) was a Pakistani jurist and legislator of great prominence who formerly served as the Chief Justice of Pakistan at the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Tassaduq Hussain Jillani

T.H. JillaniJustice (retired) Tassaduq Hussain JillaniTassaduq H. Jillani
The idea of Supreme Court Museum was dreamt in year 2010 by Chief Justice Tassaduq Hussain Jillani and completed in the June 2016.
He previously served as a Justice of the Supreme Court from 2004, after being nominated Justice of the Lahore High Court by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in 1994.

Nawaz Sharif

Muhammad Nawaz SharifMian Muhammad Nawaz SharifMian Nawaz Sharif
In 1997, Chief Justice S.A. Shah found Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of contempt of court but the order itself was voided by the Supreme Judicial Council.
In 2017, Sharif was removed from office by the Supreme Court of Pakistan regarding revelations from the Panama Papers case.

Human rights in Pakistan

human rightsdiscrimination against religious minorities in Pakistana major public health problem and a violation of women's human rights in Pakistan
The Supreme Court thus provides, in principle, an important safeguard against the abuse of laws that could potentially have politically repressive consequences or in clear violation of human rights.
The situation of Human Rights in Pakistan (undefined) is complex as a result of the country's diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign Islamic democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and [[secular law. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speech, freedom of thought, freedom of information, freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and the (conditional) right to bear arms. The Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court, separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary, independent Human Rights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad. However it is debatable how much these clauses are respected in practice.

Sindh High Court

High Court of SindhChief JusticeSindh High Court Bar Association
The ratification of the Constitution of Pakistan reestablished the Supreme Court in 1956, replacing the name "Federal Court" to "Supreme Court", initially had its seat in Karachi where the Sindh High Court exists now. In 1947, the Supreme Court consisted of a Chief Justice and six senior judges from Sindh, Punjab, NWFP, Balochistan, and East Bengal.
Before shifting Supreme Court Registry from High Court premises two Court rooms and three Chambers were used by the Supreme Court Judges.

Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan

Supreme Judicial Councilremoved from the office
In 1997, judicial crises reached its peak when Supreme Judicial Council took up the case against Justice Shah's appointment who eventually resigned from his office and succeeded by conservative jurist Ajmal Mian, only to be replaced with conservative jurist Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui as the new Chief Justice. In 1997, Chief Justice S.A. Shah found Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of contempt of court but the order itself was voided by the Supreme Judicial Council. Once appointed, justices are expected to completed a designated term and then retire at 65 years old, unless their term is terminated through resignation or impeachment by the Supreme Judicial Council resulted in a presidential reference in regards to the misconduct of judge(s).
No judge of any of the five High Courts or of the Supreme Court of Pakistan may be dismissed except by the President on the report of the Supreme Judicial Council.

Rana Bhagwandas

Bhagwandas
Justice Rana Bhagwandas was the first Hindu jurist who has distinction being the Chief Justice of Pakistan in 2007.
Rana Bahubhali Bhagwandas (20 December 1942 – 23 February 2015), was a senior judge and former acting chief justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan (CJP).

Qazi Faez Isa

Qazi Faiz Essa
Justice Qazi Faez Isa is of the Hazara descent who is currently serving as the justice of the Supreme court.
Qazi Faez Isa (undefined, born 26 October 1959) is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan since 5 September 2014.

Hameedur Rahman

his son
Justices A.S.M. Akram, Fazal Akbar, Amin Ahmed, Abdus Sattar, Hameedur Rahman, and Hamoodur Rahman (Chief Justice) were the Bengali/Bihari jurists who served as senior justices in the Supreme Court.
Iqbal Hameedur Rahman (Urdu:اقبال حميدرحمان; born 25 September 1956), is a retired Pakistani judge of Bengali origin who served as the Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, appointed in this post in 2013 until tendering resignation in 2016.

Constitution Avenue (Islamabad)

Constitution Avenue Constitution AvenueConstitution Ave
The Supreme Court has a permanent seat in Islamabad and meets at the Supreme Court Building at the Constitution Avenue.
A number of landmark and government buildings exist along the road, such as the Aiwan-e-Sadr, the Prime Minister's Office, the office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the National Library of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Federal Shariat Court, Cabinet Block as well as the office of the Auditor General of Pakistan.

Hamoodur Rahman Commission

War Enquiry CommissioncommissionFirst Report
The de jure powers of the Supreme Court has increased since presiding the War Enquiry Commission in 1974, intervening in events that Supreme Court justices viewed as violation of human rights by the executive's authorities.
The Hamoodur Rahman Commission (otherwise known as War Enquiry Commission ), was a judicial inquiry commission that assessed Pakistan's political–military involvement in East-Pakistan from 1947 to 1971.

Syed Sajjad Ali Shah

Sajjad Ali ShahJustice Sajjad Ali ShahS.A. Shah
In 1997, Chief Justice S.A. Shah found Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of contempt of court but the order itself was voided by the Supreme Judicial Council.

George Baxandall Constantine

Sir George ConstantineGeorge Constantine
In 1960, Justice Alvin Robert Cornelius became the first Christian to be served as Chief Justice, while George Constantine also served in the Court.
In 1955, he was elevated as the justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in 1955 and served until 1960.

Parliament of Pakistan

ParliamentMajlis-e-ShooraPakistani parliament
Over the several successive years, the work of the Court increased and cases began to accumulate, leading the Supreme Court requesting the Parliament to increase the number of judges.
The dissolution of the National Assembly was challenged in the Supreme Court of Pakistan and after hearing the case the Assembly was restored by the Supreme Court on 26 May 1993.

Dorab Patel

Dourab Framroze Patel
In the 1970s–1980s, Justice Dorab Patel was the first Zorastrian, followed by Justice Rustom Sidwa who served as Supreme Court justice from 1989 until 1993.
1924 – d.15 March 1997), was a Pakistan jurist of Parsi descent, and lawmaker who served as a former Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan and former Chief Justice of Sindh High Court.

High Court Division

Bangladesh High CourtDhaka High CourtHigh Court
In 1947, the Supreme Court consisted of a Chief Justice and six senior judges from Sindh, Punjab, NWFP, Balochistan, and East Bengal.
The High Court Division replaced the Dhaka High Court and Supreme Court of Pakistan was preceded by the Appellate Division.

Ajmal Mian

In 1997, judicial crises reached its peak when Supreme Judicial Council took up the case against Justice Shah's appointment who eventually resigned from his office and succeeded by conservative jurist Ajmal Mian, only to be replaced with conservative jurist Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui as the new Chief Justice.
Ajmal Mian (Urdu : ) (4 July 1934 – 16 October 2017) was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from 23 December 1997 to 30 June 1999.