Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Supreme Executive CouncilVice-President of PennsylvaniaPresident of PennsylvaniaSupreme Executive Council of PennsylvaniaExecutive Council of PennsylvaniaPresidentVice-President1790 Pennsylvania Constitution3rd President of PennsylvaniaExecutive Council
The Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania comprised the executive branch of the Pennsylvania State government between 1777 and 1790.wikipedia
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Benjamin Franklin

FranklinBen FranklinFranklin, Benjamin
The best-known member of the Council was Benjamin Franklin, who also served as its sixth president.
From 1785 to 1788, he served as [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Presidents of Council|governor of Pennsylvania]].

Thomas Wharton Jr.

Thomas WhartonThomas
1) Joseph Wharton (March 4, 1777; died in office May 23, 1778)
He served as the first [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Presidents of Council|President of Pennsylvania]] (an office akin to Governor) following the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain.

Joseph Reed (politician)

Joseph ReedAdjutant-General Joseph ReedColonel Joseph Reed
2) Joseph Reed (November 24, 1778)
He served as President of Pennsylvania's Supreme Executive Council, a position analogous to the modern office of Governor.

List of Governors of Pennsylvania

Governor of PennsylvaniaGovernorPennsylvania Governor
Although these men may be referred to properly as Presidents of Pennsylvania their office is analogous to the modern office of governor, and they are often included in lists of those who have held the latter title.
The first Pennsylvania constitution in 1776 created the Supreme Executive Council as the state's executive branch, with the President of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as its head.

George Bryan

1) George Bryan (March 4, 1777)
He served as the first [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Vice-Presidents of Council|Vice-President of Pennsylvania]] (analogous to Lieutenant Governor) and its second [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Presidents of Council|President]] (Governor) following the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain.

William Moore (statesman)

William Moore
2) William Moore (October 18, 1779)
He served as [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Vice-Presidents of Council|Vice-President of Pennsylvania]] from 1779 to 1781, and then as [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Presidents of Council|President]] from 1781 to 1782.

James Potter

Col. James PotterGeneral Potterhis father
2) Brig. Gen. James Potter (November 16, 1780)
He rose to the rank of brigadier general of Pennsylvania militia during the Revolutionary War, and served as [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Vice-Presidents of Council|Vice-President]] of Pennsylvania, 1781–1782.

James Ewing (Pennsylvania)

James Ewing
2) James Ewing (February 9, 1779; withdrew a few days later due to questions regarding his election)
He served in the Pennsylvania General Assembly and also as [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Vice-Presidents of Council|Vice-President of Pennsylvania]], a position comparable to that of Lieutenant Governor.

James Irvine (Pennsylvania)

James Irvine
3) James Irvine (October 14, 1782)
He was an officer of the Continental Army, a member of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, and [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Vice-Presidents of Council|Vice-President of Pennsylvania]] (a position comparable to Lieutenant Governor).

Thomas Mifflin

first governor of Pennsylvania, Thomas Mifflin.General MifflinGeorge Mifflin House
6) Thomas Mifflin (October 20, 1788 – December 21, 1790)
He served as Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1785 to 1787 and as [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Presidents of Council|President]] of the Pennsylvania Supreme Executive Council from 1788 to 1790.

Matthew Smith (Pennsylvania statesman)

Matthew Smith
3) Col. Matthew Smith (May 28, 1778)
He served briefly as [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Vice-Presidents of Council|Vice-President of Pennsylvania]] (a position analogous to the modern office of Lieutenant Governor) following the resignation of George Bryan on 11 October 1779.

George Ross (Pennsylvania statesman)

George Ross
7) George Ross (October 16, 1787 – December 21, 1790)
He was elected [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Vice-Presidents of Council|Vice-President of Pennsylvania]] (a position equivalent to that of Lieutenant Governor) on 5 November 1788.

David Redick

3) David Redick (November 20, 1786)
Redick was elected to represent Washington County on the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania in 1786.

William Findley

6) William Findley (November 25, 1789 – December 21, 1790)
In the following years Findley served in the Ninth through Twelfth General Assemblies and on the Supreme Executive Council.

John Neville (general)

John NevilleGen. John NevilleGeneral John Neville
2) Gen. John Neville (November 11, 1783)
In 1783, Neville was elected to the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania from Washington County.

Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776

1776 ConstitutionPennsylvania ConstitutionConstitution of 1776
The 1776 Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was framed by a constitutional convention called at the urging of the Continental Congress.
A twelve-member Supreme Executive Council to administer the government.

Charles Biddle

Charles
4) Charles Biddle (October 30, 1784)
Biddle served as Vice-President of Pennsylvania from October 10, 1785 until October 31, 1787 (also known as the Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania).

Chester County, Pennsylvania

Chester CountyChesterChester Counties
These eleven counties were Philadelphia (at that time a governmental entity distinct from the City of Philadelphia), Chester, Bucks, Lancaster, York, Cumberland, Berks, Northampton, Bedford, Northumberland, and Westmoreland.
Thomas Wharton Jr. (1735-1778), served as the first [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Presidents of Council|President of Pennsylvania]] (an office akin to Governor) following the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain

Washington County, Pennsylvania

Washington CountyWashingtonWashington Counties
Seats were added for Washington, Fayette, Franklin, Montgomery, Dauphin, Luzerne, Huntingdon, and Allegheny as those counties were established.
David Redick (died 1805), [[Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania#Vice-Presidents of Council|Vice-President]] (Lt. Governor) of Pennsylvania for three weeks in 1788; surveyor—laid out the town of Washington.

Peter Muhlenberg

PeterJohn Peter G. MuhlenbergJohn Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg
2) Peter Muhlenberg (October 24, 1785)
After the war, Muhlenberg was elected to the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1784.

James McLene

2) James McLene (McClean, M'Lean, McLean) (November 9, 1778)
Following his terms in the Continental Congress, he served on Pennsylvania's Supreme Executive Council until the conclusion of the war.

Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania

Lieutenant GovernorLt. GovernorLieutenant Governor of PA
Similarly, the office of Vice-President of Pennsylvania is analogous to the modern office of Lieutenant Governor.
From 1777 to 1790 the executive branch of Pennsylvania's state government was headed by a Supreme Executive Council consisting of a representative of each county and of the City of Philadelphia.

George Taylor (Pennsylvania politician)

George TaylorGeorge Taylor (1716-1781)
1) George Taylor (March 4, 1777)
Instead, in March, he was appointed to Pennsylvania's Supreme Executive Council, which was formed to govern the province under its new constitution.