Supreme Revolutionary Council (Somalia)

Supreme Revolutionary CouncilSomali Women's Democratic Organization1969–1976; 1980–1991Revolutionary Councilsocialist governmentSRC
The Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) (Gollaha Sare ee Kacaanka, المجلس الثوري الأعلى) was the governmental body that ruled Somalia from 1969 to 1976.wikipedia
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Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
The Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) (Gollaha Sare ee Kacaanka, المجلس الثوري الأعلى) was the governmental body that ruled Somalia from 1969 to 1976.
The Supreme Revolutionary Council seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic, which collapsed in 1991 as the Somali Civil War broke out.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
The putsch was spearheaded by Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, who at the time commanded the army.
The Supreme Revolutionary Council military junta under Barre reconstituted Somalia as a one-party Marxist–Leninist communist state, renaming the country the Somali Democratic Republic and adopting scientific socialism, with support from the Soviet Union.

Mohammad Ali Samatar

Muhammad Ali SamatarMohamed Ali SamatarAli Samatar
A senior member of the Supreme Revolutionary Council, he also served as the Prime Minister of Somalia from 1 February 1987 to 3 September 1990.

Ali Matan Hashi

He was the first Somali pilot, and a prominent member of the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC).

Hussein Kulmiye Afrah

Husseen KulmiyeHussein Afrah
He was also a member in the Supreme Revolutionary Council.

Abdullah Mohamed Fadil

Fadil was the first Joint Chiefs of Staff and Commander of the Somali Armed Forces (SAF), and was a senior member of the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC).

Salaad Gabeyre Kediye

Alongside Barre, the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) that assumed power after President Sharmarke's assassination was led by Lieutenant Colonel Salaad Gabeyre Kediye, General Mohamed Ainanshe Guleid and Chief of Police Jama Korshel.
Alongside Barre, the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) that assumed power after President Sharmarke's assassination was claimed to be led by Gen. Kediye and Chief of Police Jama Korshel.

1969 Somali coup d'état

coup d'étatmilitary coup d'état1969 coup d'état
His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on the afternoon of October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover.
The 1969 Somali coup d'état was the bloodless takeover of Somalia's government on 21 October 1969 by far-left military officers of the Supreme Revolutionary Council led by Siad Barre.

Somali Democratic Republic

SomaliaDemocratic Republic of SomaliaCommunist Somalia
The SRC subsequently renamed the country the Somali Democratic Republic, arrested members of the former civilian government, banned political parties, dissolved the parliament and the Supreme Court, and suspended the constitution.
Alongside Barre, the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) that assumed power after President Sharmarke's assassination was led by Lieutenant Colonel Salaad Gabeyre Kediye and Chief of Police Jama Korshel.

Somali Armed Forces

Somali National ArmySomali ArmySomali military
His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on the afternoon of October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover.
Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, who had succeeded Hersi as Chief of Army in 1965, was installed as President of the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC), the new government of Somalia.

Somali alphabets

Somali alphabetLatin scriptSomali orthography
In October 1972, the government unilaterally elected to use the modified Latin script of the linguist Shire Jama Ahmed for writing Somali instead of the Arabic or Osmanya scripts.
It has been the official writing script in Somalia since the Supreme Revolutionary Council formally introduced it in October 1972, and was disseminated through a nationwide rural literacy campaign.

Somali language

SomalisomAf Soomaali
In October 1972, the government unilaterally elected to use the modified Latin script of the linguist Shire Jama Ahmed for writing Somali instead of the Arabic or Osmanya scripts.
Somali has been an official national language since January 1973, when the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) declared it the Somali Democratic Republic's primary language of administration and education.

Ogaden War

Ethio-Somali WarOgaden campaign1977–1978 conflict with Ethiopia
After the unsuccessful Ogaden campaign of the late 1970s, a new constitution was promulgated in 1979 under which elections for a People's Assembly were held.
Alongside Barre, the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) that assumed power after President Sharmarke's assassination was led by Lieutenant Colonel Salaad Gabeyre Kediye and Chief of Police Jama Korshel.

History of Somalia

Campaign of the SultanateshistoryPersecution of the Majeerteen
*History of Somalia
Alongside Barre, the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) that assumed power after President Sharmarke's assassination was led by Lieutenant Colonel Salaad Gabeyre Kediye and Chief of Police Jama Korshel.

Las Anod

LaascaanoodLasanod
On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the northern town of Las Anod, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards.

Abdirashid Shermarke

Abdirashid Ali ShermarkeAbdirashid Ali SharmarkeA. A. Shermarke
On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the northern town of Las Anod, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards.

Executive (government)

executiveexecutive branchExecutive power
Essentially a military junta, the SRC became the de facto executive organ of the new state and consisted of 25 almost exclusively military officials.

Mogadishu Stadium

Mogadiscio Stadium
The revolutionary army established large-scale public works programs, including construction of the Mogadishu Stadium.

Islam

IslamicMuslimMuslims
It also sought to improve the social position of women, using Islamic precepts as a reference point.

Arab world

Arab countriesArab statesArab
In addition to a nationalization program of industry and land, the new regime's foreign policy placed an emphasis on Somalia's traditional and religious links with the Arab world, eventually joining the Arab League (AL) in 1974.

Arab League

League of Arab StatesArab StatesArab
In addition to a nationalization program of industry and land, the new regime's foreign policy placed an emphasis on Somalia's traditional and religious links with the Arab world, eventually joining the Arab League (AL) in 1974.

Writing system

scriptwriting systemsscripts
The Supreme Revolutionary Council also attempted to resolve the outstanding issue of which of the various writing systems then in use in Somalia should be officialized as the main national orthography.

Shire Jama Ahmed

In October 1972, the government unilaterally elected to use the modified Latin script of the linguist Shire Jama Ahmed for writing Somali instead of the Arabic or Osmanya scripts.

Wadaad writing

Wadaad's writingArabicGalal alphabet
In October 1972, the government unilaterally elected to use the modified Latin script of the linguist Shire Jama Ahmed for writing Somali instead of the Arabic or Osmanya scripts.

Osmanya script

OsmanyaOsmanya alphabetOsmania alphabet
In October 1972, the government unilaterally elected to use the modified Latin script of the linguist Shire Jama Ahmed for writing Somali instead of the Arabic or Osmanya scripts.