Supreme court

court of last resorthighest courtsupremeapex courtthe Supreme Courtfinal court of appealhigh courtcourts of last resortSupreme Court justiceSupreme Court of Justice
The supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.wikipedia
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House of Lords

LordsBritish House of LordsThe House of Lords
The Supreme Court was set up in 2009; until then the House of Lords was the ultimate court in addition to being a legislative body, and the Lord Chancellor, with legislative and executive functions, was also a senior judge in the House of Lords.
Most notably, until 2009 the House of Lords served as the court of last resort for most instances of UK law.

Federal Court of Justice

Federal Court of Justice of GermanyBundesgerichtshofFederal Court
When it comes to civil and criminal cases, the Bundesgerichtshof (Federal Court of Justice) is at the top of the hierarchy of courts.
It is the supreme court (court of last resort) in all matters of criminal and private law.

Court

court of lawcourtscourts of law
The supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.

Constitutional Council (France)

Constitutional CouncilConstitutional Council of FranceConseil Constitutionnel
Whether the Council is a court is a subject of academic discussion, but some scholars consider it effectively the supreme court of France.

Supreme Court of Cassation (Italy)

Court of CassationSupreme Court of CassationCorte di Cassazione
The Italian court of last resort for most disputes is the Corte Suprema di Cassazione.
The Supreme Court of Cassation (Corte Suprema di Cassazione) is the highest court of appeal or court of last resort in Italy.

Federal Administrative Court (Germany)

Federal Administrative CourtFederal Administrative Court of GermanyBundesverwaltungsgericht
The other branches of the German judicial system each have their own appellate systems, each topped by a high court; these are the Bundessozialgericht (Federal Social Court) for matters of social security, the Bundesarbeitsgericht (Federal Labour Court) for employment and labour, the Bundesfinanzhof (Federal Fiscal Court) for taxation and financial issues, and the Bundesverwaltungsgericht (Federal Administrative Court) for administrative law.
The Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht) is one of the five federal supreme courts of Germany.

Supreme Court of Japan

Supreme CourtJapanese Supreme CourtJapan's supreme court
In Japan, the Supreme Court of Japan is called 最高裁判所 (Saikō-Saibansho; called 最高裁 Saikō-Sai for short), located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, and is the highest court in Japan.
The Supreme Court of Japan, located in Hayabusachō, Chiyoda, Tokyo, is the highest court in Japan.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
A number of Commonwealth jurisdictions retain this system, but many others have reconstituted their own highest court as a court of last resort, with the right of appeal to the Privy Council being abolished.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is the supreme court of 14 Commonwealth members.

Court of Final Appeal (Macau)

Court of Final AppealCourt of Final Appeal of MacauCourt of Final Appeal of Macao
The supreme court of Macau is the Court of Final Appeal (Tribunal de Última Instância; ).
The Court of Final Appeal of Macau (Tribunal de Última Instância de Macau; ) is the court with the final adjudication power on laws of Macau.

Law of New Zealand

New Zealand lawNew ZealandLaw in New Zealand
In New Zealand, the right of appeal to the Privy Council was abolished following the passing of the Supreme Court Act (2003).
In 2004 a new Supreme Court was established, becoming New Zealand's court of last resort following the simultaneous abolition of the right to appeal to the Privy Council.

Equity (law)

equityequitablefairness
Although Delaware has a specialized court, the Court of Chancery, which hears cases in equity and many disputes involving corporate governance because many corporations chose to incorporate in Delaware regardless of where in the United States their operations and head office may be located, it is not a supreme court because the Delaware Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction over it.
The courts of Scotland have never recognised a division between the normal common law and equity, and as such the Court of Session (the supreme civil court of Scotland) has exercised an equitable and inherent jurisdiction and called the nobile officium.

Joint Senate of the Supreme Courts of the Federation

Gemeinsamer Senat der Obersten GerichtshöfeJoint Senate of the Supreme Courtssenate of the supreme courts
The so-called Gemeinsamer Senat der Obersten Gerichtshöfe (Joint Senate of the Supreme Courts) is not a supreme court in itself, but an ad-hoc body that is convened in only when one supreme court intends to diverge from another supreme court's legal opinion or when a certain case exceeds the authority of one court.
The Joint Senate of the Federal Supreme Courts of Justice (Gemeinsamer Senat der Obersten Gerichtshöfe des Bundes, also called the Common Senate) is often regarded as one of the supreme courts of justice in Germany, but it is rather, as its name suggests, an ad hoc judicial body that is convened only in specific cases.

Judiciary

judicialjudicial branchjudicial system
The High Court is mandated by section 71 of the Constitution, which vests in it the judicial power of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Supreme People's Court

Supreme People's Court of ChinaSupreme People's Court of the People's Republic of ChinaSupreme Court
In the judicial system of mainland China the highest court of appeal is the Supreme People's Court.
It is also the court of last resort in the whole of China.

Court of Session

Lord of SessionCourt of Session Act 1988bench
Founded by papal bull in 1532, the Court of Session is the supreme civil court of Scotland, and the High Court of Justiciary is the supreme criminal court.
The Court of Session (Cùirt an t-Seisein; Coort o Session) is the supreme civil court of Scotland and constitutes part of the College of Justice; the supreme criminal court of Scotland is the High Court of Justiciary.

Supreme Court of the Republic of China

Supreme CourtSupreme Court of the Taiwan (ROC)Supreme Court of Taiwan
The Supreme Court of the Republic of China is the court of last resort in the Republic of China on Taiwan although matters regarding interpretation of the Constitution and unifying the interpretation of laws and orders are decided by the Constitutional Court of the Judicial Yuan.

Supreme Court of Sweden

Supreme CourtSwedish Supreme CourtKing's Supreme Court
In Sweden, the Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court respectively function as the highest courts of the land.
The Supreme Court of Sweden (Högsta domstolen, abbreviated HD) is the supreme court and the third and final instance in all civil and criminal cases in Sweden.

Constitutionality

unconstitutionalconstitutionalunconstitutionally
In Austria, the Austrian Constitution of 1920 (based on a draft by Hans Kelsen) introduced judicial review of legislative acts for their constitutionality.
In many jurisdictions, the supreme court or constitutional court is the final legal arbiter that renders an opinion on whether a law or an action of a government official is constitutional.

Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden

Supreme Administrative CourtSwedish Supreme Administrative CourtThe President of the Supreme Administrative Court
In Sweden, the Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court respectively function as the highest courts of the land.
The Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden (Högsta förvaltningsdomstolen, before 2011 Regeringsrätten, acronym RR or RegR) is the supreme court and the third and final tier for administrative court cases in Sweden, and is located in Stockholm.

Constitutional Court of South Africa

Constitutional CourtSouth African Constitutional Court Constitutional Court
The SCA is subordinate to the Constitutional Court, which is the highest court in matters involving the interpretation and application of the Constitution.
The Constitutional Court of South Africa is a supreme constitutional court established by the Constitution of South Africa.

Supreme Court of Ireland

Supreme CourtIrish Supreme CourtSupreme Court of Justice
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the Republic of Ireland.

Supreme Court of Sri Lanka

Supreme CourtSupreme Court of CeylonSri Lankan Supreme Court
In Sri Lanka, the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka was created in 1972 after the adoption of a new Constitution.
The Supreme Court is the highest and final judicial instance of record and is empowered to exercise its powers, subject to the provisions of the Constitution.

Lord Chancellor

Lord High Chancellor of Great BritainLord Chancellor of EnglandChancellor
The Supreme Court was set up in 2009; until then the House of Lords was the ultimate court in addition to being a legislative body, and the Lord Chancellor, with legislative and executive functions, was also a senior judge in the House of Lords.
The Bill also made other constitutional reforms, such as transferring the judicial duties of the House of Lords to a Supreme Court.

Supreme Court of Honduras

Supreme CourtHonduran Supreme CourtSupreme Court of Justice of Honduras
The Supreme Court of Honduras (Corte Suprema de Justicia de Honduras; CSJ) is the Supreme Court and Constitutional Court of Honduras.

High Court of Cassation and Justice

Supreme CourtSupreme Court of JusticeCourt of Cassation
The High Court of Cassation and Justice (Înalta Curte de Casație și Justiție) is Romania's supreme court, and the court of last resort.