Surgeon

surgeonsDoctorGeneral SurgeonDoctor of SurgerySurgicalchirurgeonsurgeryAssistant SurgeonChief Surgeongeneral surgeons
In modern medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.wikipedia
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Surgery

surgicalsurgeonsurgical procedure
In modern medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.
A surgeon is a person who practices surgery and a surgeon's assistant is a person who practices surgical assistance.

Physician

doctormedical doctorphysicians
In modern medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.
This meaning of physician conveys a sense of expertise in treatment by drugs or medications, rather than by the procedures of surgeons.

Al-Zahrawi

Abu al-Qasim al-ZahrawiAbulcasisAlbucasis
After the eventual decline of the Sushruta School of Medicine in India, surgery was largely ignored until the Islamic Golden Age surgeon Al-Zahrawi (936-1013), re-established surgery as an effective medical practice.
Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn al-‘Abbās al-Zahrāwī al-Ansari (أبو القاسم خلف بن العباس الزهراوي;‎ 936–1013), popularly known as Al-Zahrawi, Latinised as Abulcasis (from Arabic Abū al-Qāsim), was an Arab Muslim physician, surgeon and chemist who lived in Al-Andalus.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
In modern medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.
Examples include: nurses, emergency medical technicians and paramedics, laboratory scientists, pharmacists, podiatrists, physiotherapists, respiratory therapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists, radiographers, dietitians, and bioengineers, surgeons, surgeon's assistant, surgical technologist.

Royal College of Surgeons of England

Royal College of SurgeonsFRCSCompany of Surgeons
In 1950, the Royal College of Surgeons of England (RCS) in London began to offer surgeons a formal status via RCS membership.
There was ongoing dispute between the surgeons and barber surgeons until an agreement was signed between them in 1493, giving the fellowship of surgeons the power of incorporation.

Membership of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland

MRCSMember of the Royal College of SurgeonsM.R.C.S.
The title Mister became a badge of honour, and today, in many Commonwealth countries, a qualified doctor who, after at least four years' training, obtains a surgical qualification (formerly Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, but now also Member of the Royal College of Surgeons or a number of other diplomas) is given the honour of being allowed to revert to calling themselves Mr, Miss, Mrs or Ms in the course of their professional practice, but this time the meaning is different.
Membership of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland (MRCS) is a postgraduate diploma for surgeons in the UK and Ireland.

Consultant (medicine)

consultantConsultant Physicianconsultants
It is sometimes assumed that the change of title implies consultant status (and some mistakenly think non-surgical consultants are Mr too), but the length of postgraduate medical training outside North America is such that a qualified surgeon may be years away from obtaining such a post: many doctors previously obtained these qualifications in the senior house officer grade, and remained in that grade when they began sub-specialty training.
In the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, and parts of the Commonwealth, consultant is the title of a senior hospital-based physician or surgeon who has completed all of his or her specialist training and been placed on the specialist register in their chosen speciality.

Surgical technologist

surgical techniciansurgical technologyoperating room technician
Surgeon's assistant, surgical nurses, surgical technologists are trained professionals who support surgeons.
The members of the team include the surgeon, surgeon's assistant, circulator nurse and anesthesia provider (anesthesiologist).

William Stewart Halsted

William HalstedHalstedWilliam S. Halsted
William Stewart Halsted, M.D. (September 23, 1852 – September 7, 1922) was an American surgeon who emphasized strict aseptic technique during surgical procedures, was an early champion of newly discovered anaesthetics, and introduced several new operations, including the radical mastectomy for breast cancer.

Mr.

MrMisterMessrs.
The title Mister became a badge of honour, and today, in many Commonwealth countries, a qualified doctor who, after at least four years' training, obtains a surgical qualification (formerly Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, but now also Member of the Royal College of Surgeons or a number of other diplomas) is given the honour of being allowed to revert to calling themselves Mr, Miss, Mrs or Ms in the course of their professional practice, but this time the meaning is different.
In the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and in some Commonwealth countries (such as South Africa, New Zealand and some states of Australia), many surgeons use the title Mr (or Miss, Ms, Mrs, as appropriate), rather than Dr (Doctor).

Dentistry

dentaldental caredentist
There are also surgeons in podiatry, dentistry, orthodontics and the veterinary fields.
During the Islamic Golden Age Dentistry was discussed in several famous books of medicine such as The Canon in medicine written by Avicenna and Al-Tasreef by Al-Zahrawi who is considered the greatest surgeon of the Middle ages, Avicenna said that jaw fracture should be reduced according to the occlusal guidance of the teeth; this principle is still valid in modern times.

Emergency medicine

emergency careemergencyemergency treatment
Some physicians who are general practitioners or specialists in family medicine or emergency medicine may perform limited ranges of minor, common, or emergency surgery.
In countries following the Anglo-American model, emergency medicine was originally the domain of surgeons, general practitioners, and other generalist physicians, but in recent decades it has become recognised as a speciality in its own right with its own training programmes and academic posts, and the specialty is now a popular choice among medical students and newly qualified medical practitioners.

Joseph Lister

Joseph Lister, 1st Baron ListerListerLord Lister
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, (5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912), known between 1883 and 1897 as Sir Joseph Lister, Bt., was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery.

Surgeon's assistant

Assistant Surgeonsurgical assistantsurgeon assistant
Surgeon's assistant, surgical nurses, surgical technologists are trained professionals who support surgeons.
An Assistant Surgeon, Assistant in Surgery, Physicians as Assistants at Surgery, Surgeon Assistant, First Assistant or Surgical Assistant assists with a surgical operation under the direction of a surgeon.

Cardiac surgery

open heart surgeryheart surgeryopen-heart surgery
Cardiac surgery, or cardiovascular surgery, is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons.

Fidel Pagés

Fidel Pagés Miravé (January 26, 1886 – September 21, 1923) was a Spanish military surgeon, known for developing the technique of epidural anesthesia.

American College of Surgeons

FACSJournal of the American College of SurgeonsF.A.C.S.
The American College of Surgeons (ACS) is an educational association of surgeons founded in 1912.

Lars Leksell

LarsLeksell system
The stereotactic method is the product of Robert Clarke, an engineer, physiologist and surgeon, who, together with neurosurgeon Victor Horsley, devised an instrument for simulating and making lesions at exact locations within the brains of experimental animals: the Horsley–Clarke apparatus.

Christiaan Barnard

Chris BarnardChristian BarnardChristiaan Neethling Barnard

Victor Horsley

Victor Alexander Haden HorsleySir Victor HorsleyProf Sir Victor Horsley

Podiatry

chiropodistpodiatristchiropody
There are also surgeons in podiatry, dentistry, orthodontics and the veterinary fields.