Surgery

surgicalsurgeonsurgical proceduresurgeriesoperationsurgicallyoperationssurgical operationexcisionresection
Surgery is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a person to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.wikipedia
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Surgeon

surgeonsDoctorGeneral Surgeon
A surgeon is a person who practices surgery and a surgeon's assistant is a person who practices surgical assistance.
In modern medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.

Surgical technologist

surgical techniciansurgical technologyoperating room technician
A surgical team is made up of surgeon, surgeon's assistant, anaesthetist, circulating nurse and surgical technologist.
A surgical technologist, also called a scrub, scrub tech, surgical technician, or operating room technician, is an allied health professional working as a part of the team delivering surgical care.

Surgical nursing

surgical nursesurgical nurses
The adjective surgical means pertaining to surgery; e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse.
Surgical patients (those who have undergone a minor or major surgical procedure) are nursed on different wards to medical patients in the UK and Australia.

Surgical instrument

surgical instrumentssurgical equipmentinstrument
The adjective surgical means pertaining to surgery; e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse. Other procedures that do not necessarily fall under this rubric, such as angioplasty or endoscopy, may be considered surgery if they involve "common" surgical procedure or settings, such as use of a sterile environment, anesthesia, antiseptic conditions, typical surgical instruments, and suturing or stapling. At a hospital, modern surgery is often performed in an operating theater using surgical instruments, an operating table, and other equipment.
A surgical instrument is a specially designed tool or device for performing specific actions or carrying out desired effects during a surgery or operation, such as modifying biological tissue, or to provide access for viewing it.

Amputation

amputatedamputeeamputate
He also described more efficient techniques for the effective ligation of the blood vessels during an amputation.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.

Surgical staple

staplesstapledsurgical staples
Other procedures that do not necessarily fall under this rubric, such as angioplasty or endoscopy, may be considered surgery if they involve "common" surgical procedure or settings, such as use of a sterile environment, anesthesia, antiseptic conditions, typical surgical instruments, and suturing or stapling.
Surgical staples are specialized staples used in surgery in place of sutures to close skin wounds, connect or remove parts of the bowels or lungs.

Elective surgery

electiveemergency surgeryelective operation
Elective surgery or elective procedure (from the eligere, meaning to choose ) is surgery that is scheduled in advance because it does not involve a medical emergency.

Laser surgery

Laser scalpellaser eye surgerylaser
Laser surgery is a type of surgery that uses a laser (in contrast to using a scalpel) to cut tissue.

Laparotomy

laparotomieslaparotomicabdominal exploratory surgery
A laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity.

Reconstructive surgery

reconstructivereconstructive surgeonreconstructive surgeries
Commonly, however, reconstructive surgery is understood as the use of surgery to restore the form and function of the body, which does not include aesthetic or plastic surgery.

Scalpel

lancetscalpelssurgical knife
A scalpel, or lancet, or bistoury, is a small and extremely sharp bladed instrument used for surgery, anatomical dissection, podiatry and various arts and crafts (called a hobby knife).

Robot-assisted surgery

robotic surgerysurgical robotrobotic
Robotic surgery are types of surgical procedures that are done using robotic systems.

Microsurgery

microvascular surgerymicrosurgeonmicrosurgical
Microsurgery is a general term for surgery requiring an operating microscope.

Minimally invasive procedure

minimally invasiveminimally invasive surgerynon-invasive
Minimally invasive procedures (also known as minimally invasive surgeries) encompass surgical techniques that limit the size of incisions needed and so lessen wound healing time, associated pain and risk of infection.

Outpatient surgery

day surgeryambulatory surgery centerambulatory surgery
Outpatient surgery occurs in a hospital outpatient department or freestanding ambulatory surgery center, and the person who had surgery is discharged the same working day.
Outpatient surgery, also known as ambulatory surgery, day surgery, day case surgery, or same-day surgery, is surgery that does not require an overnight hospital stay.

Surgical team

surgical personnel
A surgical team is made up of surgeon, surgeon's assistant, anaesthetist, circulating nurse and surgical technologist.
A surgical team is a team of people who perform surgery and related tasks.

Laparoscopy

laparoscopiclaparoscopic surgerylaparoscopically
Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), bandaid surgery, or keyhole surgery, is a modern surgical technique.

ZEUS robotic surgical system

ZEUSZEUS Robot Surgical System
The ZEUS Robotic Surgical System (ZRSS) was a medical robot designed to assist in surgery, originally produced by the American robotics company Computer Motion.

ASA physical status classification system

ASA physical statusASA scoreAmerican Society of Anesthesiologists (physical status class)
Prior to surgery, the person is given a medical examination, receives certain pre-operative tests, and their physical status is rated according to the ASA physical status classification system.

Da Vinci Surgical System

Da Vincida Vinci robotic surgical systemda Vinci robot
Approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2000, it is designed to facilitate surgery using a minimally invasive approach, and is controlled by a surgeon from a console.

Hospital

hospitalsinfirmarygeneral hospital
At a hospital, modern surgery is often performed in an operating theater using surgical instruments, an operating table, and other equipment.
Hospitals have a range of departments (e.g. surgery and urgent care) and specialist units such as cardiology.

Rhinoplasty

nose jobrhinoplastiesnasal reconstruction
It is one of the oldest known surgical texts and it describes in detail the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of numerous ailments, as well as procedures for various forms of cosmetic surgery, plastic surgery and rhinoplasty.
320–400 AD) published the 70-volume Synagogue Medicae (Medical Compilations, 4th century AD), which described facial-defect reconstructions that featured loose sutures that permitted a surgical wound to heal without distorting the facial flesh; how to clean the bone exposed in a wound; debridement, how to remove damaged tissue to forestall infection and so accelerate healing of the wound; and how to use autologous skin flaps to repair damaged cheeks, eyebrows, lips, and nose, to restore the patient's normal visage.

Surgeon's assistant

Assistant Surgeonsurgical assistantsurgeon assistant
A surgeon is a person who practices surgery and a surgeon's assistant is a person who practices surgical assistance. A surgical team is made up of surgeon, surgeon's assistant, anaesthetist, circulating nurse and surgical technologist.
An Assistant Surgeon, Assistant in Surgery, Physicians as Assistants at Surgery, Surgeon Assistant, First Assistant or Surgical Assistant assists with a surgical operation under the direction of a surgeon.

Polyethylene glycol

PEGpolyethylene oxidepolyoxyethylene
If the surgery involves the digestive system, the person requiring surgery may be instructed to perform a bowel prep by drinking a solution of polyethylene glycol the night before the procedure.