Surgery

Surgery underway at the Red Cross Hospital in Tampere, Finland during the 1918 Finnish Civil War.
Plates vi & vii of the Edwin Smith Papyrus, an Egyptian surgical treatise
Sushruta, the author of Sushruta Samhita, one of the oldest texts on surgery
Hippocrates stated in the oath (c. 400 BC) that general physicians must never practice surgery and that surgical procedures are to be conducted by specialists
Ambroise Paré (c. 1510–1590), father of modern military surgery.
12th century medieval eye surgery in Italy
Joseph Lister, pioneer of antiseptic surgery
Hieronymus Fabricius, Operationes chirurgicae, 1685
John Syng Dorsey wrote the first American textbook on surgery
An operation in 1753, painted by Gaspare Traversi.

Medical or dental specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a person to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function, appearance, or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

- Surgery
Surgery underway at the Red Cross Hospital in Tampere, Finland during the 1918 Finnish Civil War.

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34 surgical staples closing scalp following craniotomy

Surgical staple

34 surgical staples closing scalp following craniotomy
Projectional radiograph of surgical staples
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Close-up demonstration of a surgical skin stapler.
Vascular stapler for reducing warm ischemia in organ transplantation. With this model each stapler end can be mounted on donor and recipient by independent surgical teams without care for reciprocal orientation, being the maximal possible vascular axis torsion ≤30°. Activating guide-wire is connected just immediately before firing (video)

Surgical staples are specialized staples used in surgery in place of sutures to close skin wounds or connect or remove parts of the bowels or lungs.

A 19th-century operating table.

Operating table

Table on which the patient lies during a surgical operation.

Table on which the patient lies during a surgical operation.

A 19th-century operating table.
Operating table system with a stationary unit

This surgical equipment is usually found inside the surgery room of a hospital.

A laparoscopic robotic surgery machine. Patient-side cart of the da Vinci surgical system.

ZEUS robotic surgical system

A laparoscopic robotic surgery machine. Patient-side cart of the da Vinci surgical system.

The ZEUS Robotic Surgical System (ZRSS) was a medical robot designed to assist in surgery, originally produced by the American robotics company Computer Motion.

Surgery underway at the Red Cross Hospital in Tampere, Finland during the 1918 Finnish Civil War.

Reproductive surgery

Surgery underway at the Red Cross Hospital in Tampere, Finland during the 1918 Finnish Civil War.

Reproductive surgery is using surgery in the field of reproductive medicine.

Prone Position

Surgical positions

Prone Position
Jackknife position

Surgical positioning is the practice of placing a patient in a particular physical position during surgery.

Surgical stress

Systemic response to surgical injury and is characterized by activation of the sympathetic nervous system, endocrine responses as well as immunological and haematological changes.

Systemic response to surgical injury and is characterized by activation of the sympathetic nervous system, endocrine responses as well as immunological and haematological changes.

Measurement of surgical stress is used in anaesthesia, physiology and surgery.

The liver is divided into four lobes. This image shows the large right lobe and a smaller left lobe separated by the falciform ligament.

Lobes of liver

Divided grossly into four parts or lobes.

Divided grossly into four parts or lobes.

The liver is divided into four lobes. This image shows the large right lobe and a smaller left lobe separated by the falciform ligament.
Labeled human liver
Diagram showing the segments of the lobes as classified by Couinaud.

These are also known as hepatic segments that are surgically resectable.