Suriname

SurinamSurinameseRepublic of SurinameDutch GuianaSurinam RiverSURLanguages of SurinameSRindependence of SurinamePublic holidays in Suriname
Suriname (, US also, sometimes spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname ), is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.wikipedia
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French Guiana

GuyaneGuianaFrench Guianese
It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south.
It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west.

Guyana

GuyaneseBritish GuianaCo-operative Republic of Guyana
It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south.
Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Venezuela to the west, and Suriname to the east.

Paramaribo

Paramaribo, SurinameParamaribo, SurinamCapital of Suriname
Suriname has a population of approximately, most of whom live on the country's north coast, in and around the capital and largest city, Paramaribo.
Paramaribo (nicknamed Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on the banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District.

Dutch language

DutchDutch-languagenl
While Dutch is the official language of government, business, media, and education, Sranan Tongo, an English-based creole language, is a widely used lingua franca.
Outside the Low Countries, it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname where it also holds an official status, as it does in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located in the Caribbean.

Surinamese people

SurinamesePeople of SurinameSurinamers
As a legacy of colonization, the people of Suriname are among the most diverse in the world, spanning a multitude of ethnic, religious, and linguistic groups.
Surinamese people are people identified with the country of Suriname.

Caribbean

the CaribbeanWest IndiesWest Indian
Suriname is considered to be a culturally Caribbean country, and is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
On the mainland, Belize, Nicaragua, the Caribbean region of Colombia, Cozumel, the Yucatán Peninsula, Margarita Island, and the Guyanas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Guayana Region in Venezuela, and Amapá in Brazil) are often included due to their political and cultural ties with the region.

Surinam Airways

Surinaamse Luchtvaart MaatschappijSuriname AirwaysSLM
A notable example is Suriname's national airline, Surinam Airways.
Surinam Airways (Surinaamse Luchtvaart Maatschappij), also known by its initials SLM, is the flag carrier of Suriname, based in Paramaribo.

Suriname River

SurinameSurinam River
British settlers, who founded the first European colony at Marshall's Creek along the Suriname River, spelled the name as "Surinam".
The Suriname River (Dutch: Surinamerivier) is 480 km long and flows through the country Suriname.

Caribbean Community

CARICOMCaribbean Community and Common MarketCaribbean Community (CARICOM)
Suriname is considered to be a culturally Caribbean country, and is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
The organization has become multilingual with the addition of Dutch-speaking Suriname in 1995 and Haitian- and French-speaking Haiti in 2002.

Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Surinamecountry of Surinameconstituent country
On 25 November 1975, the country of Suriname left the Kingdom of the Netherlands to become an independent state, nonetheless maintaining close economic, diplomatic, and cultural ties to its former colonizer.
The country became fully independent as the Republic of Suriname on 25 November 1975.

Willoughbyland

Surinam
After that there was another short-lived English colony called Willoughbyland that lasted from 1650 to 1674.
Willoughbyland was a short-lived early English colony in what is now Suriname.

Kalina people

CaribKalinaCaribs
The Carib also settled in the area and conquered the Arawak by using their superior sailing ships.
Today, the Kalina live largely in villages on the rivers and coasts of Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil.

Sranan Tongo

SrananSranantongoSurinamese
While Dutch is the official language of government, business, media, and education, Sranan Tongo, an English-based creole language, is a widely used lingua franca.
Sranan Tongo (also Sranantongo "Surinamese tongue", Sranan, Surinaams, Surinamese, Surinamese Creole, Taki Taki) is an English-based creole language that is spoken as a lingua franca by approximately 500,000 people in Suriname.

Brazil

BRABrasilBrazilian
It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south.
Brazil occupies a large area along the eastern coast of South America and includes much of the continent's interior, sharing land borders with Uruguay to the south; Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest; Bolivia and Peru to the west; Colombia to the northwest; and Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and France (French overseas region of French Guiana) to the north.

Warao people

WaraoWarrauWaraos
While the larger Arawak and Carib tribes lived along the coast and savanna, smaller groups of indigenous people lived in the inland rainforest, such as the Akurio, Trió, Warrau, and Wayana.
The Warao are an indigenous Amerindian people inhabiting northeastern Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname.

The Guianas

GuianasGuianaGuyanas
The earliest documented colony in Guiana was an English settlement named Marshall's Creek along the Suriname River.
Nonetheless, the Dutch returned in 1615, founding a new settlement at present-day Cayenne (later abandoned in favor of Suriname), one on the Wiapoco River (now more commonly known as the Oyapock) and one on the upper Amazon.

Aluku

Aluku (Boni)Alukus (or Bonis)Bonis
These tribes include the Saramaka, Paramaka, Ndyuka or Aukan, Kwinti, Aluku or Boni, and Matawai.
The Aluku are a legendary ethnic group in French Guiana whose people are descended in part from African slaves who escaped in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries from the Dutch plantations in what is now known as Suriname.

Dési Bouterse

Desi BouterseBouterseDesiré Delano Bouterse
It was initiated by a group of 16 sergeants, led by Dési Bouterse.
Desiré Delano Bouterse (born 13 October 1945) is a Surinamese politician who has been President of Suriname since 2010.

Johan Ferrier

The first President of the country was Johan Ferrier, the former governor, with Henck Arron (the then leader of the NPS) as Prime Minister.
Johan Henri Eliza Ferrier (12 May 1910 – 4 January 2010) was a Surinamese politician who served as the 1st President of Suriname from 25 November 1975 to 13 August 1980.

National Party of Suriname

NPSNational Party
In 1974, the local government, led by the National Party of Suriname (NPS) (whose membership was largely Creole, meaning ethnically African or mixed African-European) started negotiations with the Dutch government leading towards full independence, which was granted on 25 November 1975.
The National Party of Suriname (Nationale Partij Suriname, NPS) is a political party in Suriname, founded in 1946, and since June 2012 led by Gregory Rusland.

1977 Surinamese general election

1977 elections1977Surinamese general election of 1977
Its leaders were accused of fraud in the 1977 elections, in which Arron won a further term, and the discontent was such that a large chunk of the population fled to the Netherlands, joining the already significant Surinamese community there.
General elections were held in Suriname on 31 October 1977, the first after independence.

Ndyuka people

NdyukaNdyuka MaroonAukan
These tribes include the Saramaka, Paramaka, Ndyuka or Aukan, Kwinti, Aluku or Boni, and Matawai.
The Ndyuka people (pejoratively spelled 'Djuka') or Aukan people or Okanisi, are one of six Maroon peoples (formerly called "Bush Negroes", which also has pejorative tinges) in the Republic of Suriname and one of the Maroon peoples in French Guiana.

Wilfred Hawker

The first counter attempt was led by Fred Ormskerk, the second by Marxist-Leninists, the third by Wilfred Hawker, and the fourth by Surendre Rambocus.
Wilfred Hawker (1955 – 13 March 1982) was a sergeant-major in the Surinamese military who was involved in two unsuccessful coups d'état in the early 1980s.

Sugar

sugarssugar tradesugar cube
As the chief sugar colony during the Dutch colonial period, it was primarily a plantation economy dependent on African slaves and, following the abolition of slavery in 1863, indentured servants from Asia.
By 1540, there were 800 cane-sugar mills in Santa Catarina Island and another 2,000 on the north coast of Brazil, Demarara, and Surinam.

1980 Surinamese coup d'état

military coupcoup d'étatSergeants' Coup
On 25 February 1980, a military coup overthrew Arron's government.
The 1980 Surinamese coup d'état, usually referred to as the Sergeants' Coup (De Seargentencoup), was a military coup in Suriname which occurred on 25 February 1980, when a group of 16 sergeants (groep van zestien) of the Surinamese Armed Forces (SKM) led by Dési Bouterse overthrew the government of Prime Minister Henck Arron with a violent coup d'état.