Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine

Superintendent of the Queen's Householdsurintendante
Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine ("Superintendent of the Queen's Household"), or only Surintendante, was the senior lady-in-waiting at the royal court of France from 1619 until the French revolution.wikipedia
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Lady-in-waiting

lady in waitingladies-in-waitingladies in waiting
Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine ("Superintendent of the Queen's Household"), or only Surintendante, was the senior lady-in-waiting at the royal court of France from 1619 until the French revolution.

Première dame d'honneur

dame d'honneurlady of honor
The surintendante had about the same tasks as the dame d'honneur: receiving the oath of the female personnel before they took office and supervising them and the queen's daily routine, as well as organizing the accounts and staff list, but she was placed in rank above the dame d'honneur.
In 1619, the office of the Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine, or simply surintendante, was created.

Marie Anne de Bourbon (1697–1741)

Marie Anne de BourbonMademoiselle de ClermontMarie Anne
The post of surintendante could be left vacant for long periods, and was abolished between the death of Marie Anne de Bourbon in 1741 and the appointment of Princess Marie Louise of Savoy in 1775.
Marie Anne de Bourbon (Marie Anne; 16 October 1697 – 11 August 1741) was a French court office holder, Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine to queen Marie Leszczyńska.

Marie de Rohan

duchesse de ChevreuseMadame de ChevreuseMarie de Rohan-Montbazon, duchesse de Chevreuse
In December 1618, Louis XIII named her surintendante of the queen's household, ousting the Connétable de Montmorency.

Anne Marie Martinozzi

Anna MariaAnne Marie Martinozzi, Princess of ContiAnne-Marie Martinozzi, Princesse de Conti
She served as Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine for the queen dowager, Anne of Austria, between 1657 and 1666.

Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe

princesse de LamballePrincess de LamballePrincess Marie Louise of Savoy
The post of surintendante could be left vacant for long periods, and was abolished between the death of Marie Anne de Bourbon in 1741 and the appointment of Princess Marie Louise of Savoy in 1775.
On 18 September 1775, following the ascension of her husband to the throne in May 1774, Queen Marie Antoinette appointed Marie Thérèse "Superintendent of the Queen's Household", the highest rank possible for a lady-in-waiting at Versailles.

Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan

Madame de MontespanFrançoise-Athénaïs, marquise de MontespanMarquise de Montespan
Madame de Montespan's relegation to the position of superintendent of the Queen's household as a result brought matters to a head.

Olympia Mancini, Countess of Soissons

Olympia ManciniOlympeOlympe Mancini
Soon after her sister Marie's marriage to Prince Colonna, Olympia was appointed Superintendent of the Queen's Household which gave her authority over and above that of all of the other ladies at Court with the exception of the Princesses of The Blood.

French nobility

nobilitySieurnoble
The Surintendante was selected from the members of the highest French nobility.

Governess of the Children of France

Governess to the Children of Francegovernesschildren and their care
The Surintendante and the Governess of the Children of France were the only female office holders in France to give an oath of loyalty to the King himself.

Eugenio, Count of Villafranca

Prince Eugenio of SavoyPrince Eugenio, Count of VillafrancaEugenio
In addition to being a cousin in the first degree of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and of Louis Joseph of Bourbon, Prince de Condé, Eugènio's sister Maria Teresa (1749-1792) had married Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Prince de Lamballe, the heir of a legitimised branch of the French royal family when he was 13, and had become the close friend and Surintendante of the French queen, Marie Antoinette of Austria, by 1775.

Laure-Auguste de Fitz-James, Princess de Chimay

Princesse de Chimay
Her position made her the first in rank of the female courtiers, but her rank was demoted to number two when the queen reintroduced the post of Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine for princess of Lamballe the same year.

Adélaïde Diane de Cossé

Diane-Hortense Mancini-Mazarini
She resigned in protest in 1775 when the queen reintroduced the office of Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine for her favorite Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe.

Anne de Noailles (1729–1794)

Anne d'ArpajonAnne d'Arpajon, comtesse de NoaillesAnne de Noailles
When the queen reintroduced the old office of Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine and her favorite, the Princesse de Lamballe was appointed to that post, over ranking the post of dame d'honneur, Anne de Noailles resigned and was replaced by Laure-Auguste de Fitz-James, Princess de Chimay.

Marie Brûlart

Marie BrulartMarie de Luynes
The position of dame d'honneur was formally the deputy and second in rank among the queen's female courtiers after the surintendante, but it was transformed to become the first in rank and chief lady-in-waiting when the position of surintendante was left vacant after 1741, which made her the first ranked of all ladies-in-waiting for the duration of her time in the position.