Suriyenthrathibodi

Statue of King Suriyenthrathibodi, Wat Sai Temple

The King of Ayutthaya from 1703 to 1709 and the second ruler of the Ban Phlu Luang Dynasty.

- Suriyenthrathibodi

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Phichit province

One of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northern Thailand and 330 km due north of Bangkok.

Luang Pho Phet, Wat Tha Luang, Phichit province
Map of 12 districts

The temple was built in 1669–1671 by King Luang Sorasak, who was born in the village of Pho Prathap Chang, between a banyan and a sacred fig.

Front Palace

The title of the uparaja of Siam, variously translated as "viceroy", "vice king" or "Lord/Prince of the Front Palace", as the titleholder resided in the physical residence of the same name.

Prince Wichaichan, the last holder of the Front Palace title
The Front Palace or Wang Na (circa 1890), now the Bangkok National Museum

Phetracha in 1688 appointed his son Luang Sorasak (later Sanpet VIII) as the Uparat living at the Front Palace.

Phetracha

King of the Ayutthaya kingdom in Thailand, usurping the throne from his predecessor King Narai and originally settled in Phluluang village.

Phetracha Drawing by HRH Prince of Nakorn Sawan

Further questioning of Phaulkon revealed a plot to raise a rebellion, and he too was executed by Phetracha's adopted son Luang Sorasak on 5 June.

Narai

The 27th monarch of Ayutthaya Kingdom, the 4th and last monarch of the Prasat Thong dynasty.

Statue of Narai the Great, created in 1966, near Lopburi provincial hall
Memorial plate in Lopburi showing king Narai with French ambassadors.
King Narai observes a lunar eclipse with French Jesuits at Lopburi, 1685
Kosa Pan presents King Narai's letter to Louis XIV at Versailles, 1 September 1686
Siamese embassy to Louis XIV in 1686, by Nicolas Larmessin.
Pope Innocent XI receives the Siamese envoys, led by Father Tachard who reads the translation of the message from King Narai, December 1688
Contemporary French depiction of King Narai.

Further questioning of Phaulkon revealed a plot to raise a rebellion, and he too was executed by Phetracha's adopted son Luang Sorasak on 5 June.

Constantine Phaulkon

Greek adventurer who became the prime counsellor to King Narai of Ayutthaya and assumed the Thai noble title Chao Phraya Wichayen''' (เจ้าพระยาวิชาเยนทร์).

Contemporary depiction of Constance Phaulkon
The French ambassador Chevalier de Chaumont presents a letter from Louis XIV to King Narai. Constance Phaulkon is seen kowtowing in the lower left corner of the print, making a gesture telling the ambassador to raise the letter up to the king.
Ban Wichayen (residence of Constantine Phaulkon), Lopburi, Thailand.
Siamese embassy to Louis XIV led by Kosa Pan in 1686, by Nicolas Larmessin

Phaulkon was placed on the silver palanquin mounted on his elephant, and was led out by Phetracha's men to the area of Wat Sak temple in the evening, where Luang Sorasak decapitated and also disemboweled him as witnessed by Father de Bèze.

Phan Thai Norasing

Legendary figure mentioned in some later editions of the royal chronicles of Ayutthaya.

The real-size statue of Phan Thai Norasing
Statues in Phan Thai Norasing historical park presenting the scene when Pha Thai Norasing convinced King Sanphet VIII to order the execution for him
The front of Phan Thai Norasing's shrine (Khok Kham canal)
The eye-level height shrine believed to formerly contain the head of Phan Thai Norasing and the damaged figurehead of the barge
The sandalwood statue of Phan Thai Norasing in the shrine
The damaged figurehead of Ekkachai royal barge
The main shrine of Phan Thai norasing historical park containing the real-size statue of him
The inside of Phan Thai Norasing's shrine containing the real-size statue of him
Cock statuettes that people use for worshipping Phan Thai Norasing
The place believed to be the execution spot of Phan Thai Norasing
A 300-years old barge in Phan Thai Norasing Historical Park presumed to be the ruin of army dispatch or royal barge
The front sign of Phan Thai Norasing historical park

He is described as a coxswain of King Sanphet VIII's royal barge in the Ayutthaya period who was famous for honesty and integrity.

Siamese revolution of 1688

Major popular upheaval in the Siamese Ayutthaya Kingdom which led to the overthrow of the pro-French Siamese king Narai.

The siege of the French fortress in Bangkok by the Siamese revolutionary forces of Phetracha in 1688.
Contemporary French depiction of the King Narai of Siam
Krommaluang Yothathep, daughter and only child of king Narai, was named regent on May 10, 1688.
Siamese attack on du Bruant in Tavoy, in which the Chevalier de Beauregard and the Jesuit Pierre d'Espagnac were captured and enslaved.
Kosa Pan, former ambassador to France in 1686, became the new Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade after the revolution, under the new ruler Phetracha.

Phetracha's reign lasted until 1703, when he died and was succeeded by his eldest son Sanphet VIII.

Sudawadi

The only child of Narai and Princess Suriyong Ratsami, one of his concubines.

Contemporary French depiction of Princess Yothathep

After the death of Phetracha, Suriyenthrathibodi, the secret son of King Narai and Princess Kusavadi of Chiangmai adopted by King Phetracha, stole the throne of Ayutthaya from Prince Khwan, son of King Phetracha and Princess Sisuphan.

List of state leaders in the 18th century

List of state leaders in the 18th century AD, except for the leaders within the Holy Roman Empire, and the leaders within British south Asia and its predecessor states.

Member states of the United Nations (UN), as defined by the UN.

Suriyenthrathibodi, King (1703–1709)

Rear Palace

Royal residence that belonged to the deputy Uparaja of Siam, who held the title Krom Phraratchawang Bowon Sathan Phimuk (กรมพระราชวังบวรสถานพิมุข).

Walls of the former Rear Palace

Around 1703, King Sanpet VIII appointed Prince Petch, his first-born son, as the Front Palace and younger son Prince Porn as Rear Palace.