Surveillance aircraft

reconnaissanceaerial surveillancesurveillanceobservation aircraftreconnaissance aircraftobservationspotter planespy planeaircraftobservation plane
A surveillance aircraft is an aircraft used for surveillance.wikipedia
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Reconnaissance aircraft

reconnaissancereconnaissance planereconnaissance planes
They are operated by military forces and other government agencies in roles such as intelligence gathering, battlefield surveillance, airspace surveillance, reconnaissance, observation (e.g. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection.
A reconnaissance aircraft (colloquially, a spy plane) is a military surveillance aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance with roles including collection of imagery intelligence (including using photography), signals intelligence, as well as measurement and signature intelligence.

Airborne ground surveillance

ground scanning radar systemover ground targetsair-to-ground radar
They are operated by military forces and other government agencies in roles such as intelligence gathering, battlefield surveillance, airspace surveillance, reconnaissance, observation (e.g. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection.
Airborne ground surveillance (AGS) refers to a class of military airborne radar system (Surveillance aircraft) used for detecting and tracking ground targets, such as vehicles and slow moving helicopters, as opposed to Airborne early warning and control, whose primary role is detecting and tracking aircraft in flight.

Surveillance

electronic surveillancestakeoutmonitoring
A surveillance aircraft is an aircraft used for surveillance.
Aerial surveillance is the gathering of surveillance, usually visual imagery or video, from an airborne vehicle—such as an unmanned aerial vehicle, helicopter, or spy plane.

Bréguet 1150 Atlantic

Breguet AtlanticBreguet AtlantiqueAtlantique 2
Such aircraft include the Hawker-Siddeley Nimrod, the Breguet Atlantique, the Tupolev Tu-95, the Lockheed P-2 Neptune and the Lockheed P-3 Orion/CP-140 Aurora.
Introduced to service in 1965, it has been operated by several NATO countries, commonly performing maritime roles such as reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare.

Military helicopter

helicoptershelicopternaval helicopter
The air observation role was generally taken over by light observation helicopters, such as the Hughes OH-6 Cayuse, from the mid-1960s.
The first reconnaissance and observation aircraft were balloons, followed by light airplanes, such as the Taylorcraft L-2 and Fieseler Fi 156.

Raytheon Sentinel

Sentinel R1ASTORRaytheon Sentinel R.1
The Raytheon Sentinel is an airborne battlefield and ground surveillance aircraft operated by the Royal Air Force.

Unmanned aerial vehicle

UAVdronedrones
Surveillance aircraft have also included moored balloons (e.g. TARS) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
Initial generations primarily involved surveillance aircraft, but some carried armaments, such as the General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, that launched AGM-114 Hellfire air-to-ground missiles.

Reconnaissance

scoutscoutsreconnaissance in force
The terms “surveillance” and “reconnaissance” have sometimes been used interchangeably, but, in the military context, a distinction can be drawn between surveillance, which monitors a changing situation in real time, and reconnaissance, which captures a static picture for analysis. Surveillance is sometimes grouped with Intelligence, Target acquisition and Reconnaissance under the title ISTAR.

Northrop Grumman

Northrop Grumman CorporationNorthrup GrummanNorthrop-Grumman
The B-2 Spirit strategic bomber, the E-8C Joint STARS surveillance aircraft, the RQ-4 Global Hawk, and the T-38 Talon supersonic trainer are used by the US Air Force.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

Customs and Border ProtectionUnited States Customs and Border ProtectionUS Customs and Border Protection
Predator UAVs have been used by the US for border patrol.

Airborne early warning and control

AWACSairborne early warningAEW&C
They are operated by military forces and other government agencies in roles such as intelligence gathering, battlefield surveillance, airspace surveillance, reconnaissance, observation (e.g. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection.
AEW&C units are also used to carry out surveillance, including over ground targets and frequently perform C2BM (command and control, battle management) functions similar to an Air Traffic Controller given military command over other forces.

Treaty on Open Skies

Open SkiesOpen Skies TreatyOpen Skies Consultative Commission
It establishes a program of unarmed aerial surveillance flights over the entire territory of its participants.

Sky Sentinel

Unmanned surveillance UAVs include both airships—such as Sky Sentinel
Sky Sentinel is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) airship designed for long-duration operation of an automated surveillance platform.

Dassault Falcon 2000

Falcon 2000Dassault Falcon 2000EXDassault Falcon 2000LX

Atmospheric satellite

High-Altitude Long EnduranceHigh-altitude platform stationHigh-altitude airship
An unmanned lighter-than-air vehicle, the HAA was proposed to operate at a height of above 60000 ft in a quasi-geostationary position to deliver persistent orbital station keeping as a surveillance aircraft platform, telecommunications relay, or a weather observer.

Aircraft

heavier-than-airheavier-than-air flightheavier-than-air aircraft
A surveillance aircraft is an aircraft used for surveillance.

Air Observation Post

artillery observation aircraftartillery spotting aircraftAirborne observation post
They are operated by military forces and other government agencies in roles such as intelligence gathering, battlefield surveillance, airspace surveillance, reconnaissance, observation (e.g. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection.

Border guard

border patrolborder guardsborder police
They are operated by military forces and other government agencies in roles such as intelligence gathering, battlefield surveillance, airspace surveillance, reconnaissance, observation (e.g. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection.

Fishery

fisheriesfishingfishing ground
They are operated by military forces and other government agencies in roles such as intelligence gathering, battlefield surveillance, airspace surveillance, reconnaissance, observation (e.g. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection.

Stealth aircraft

stealthstealth fighterstealth bomber
They do not always require high-performance capability or stealth characteristics, and may be modified civilian aircraft.

Tethered balloon

moored balloontethered helium ballooncaptive balloon
Surveillance aircraft have also included moored balloons (e.g. TARS) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

Tethered Aerostat Radar System

tethered aerostat balloon radarFat AlbertTARS
Surveillance aircraft have also included moored balloons (e.g. TARS) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

List of intelligence gathering disciplines

intelligence gatheringintelligence-gatheringintelligence
They are operated by military forces and other government agencies in roles such as intelligence gathering, battlefield surveillance, airspace surveillance, reconnaissance, observation (e.g. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection. Surveillance is sometimes grouped with Intelligence, Target acquisition and Reconnaissance under the title ISTAR.

Target acquisition

acquiringre-acquisitiontarget acquisition and designation
Surveillance is sometimes grouped with Intelligence, Target acquisition and Reconnaissance under the title ISTAR.