No Results Found!
1,679 Related Articles

Sustainability

sustainableenvironmental sustainabilityunsustainable
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
While sustainable development may be the organizing principle for sustainability for some, for others, the two terms are paradoxical (i.e. development is inherently unsustainable).

Sustainable forest management

sustainable forestryforest conservationsustainable management
While the modern concept of sustainable development is derived mostly from the 1987 Brundtland Report, it is also rooted in earlier ideas about sustainable forest management and twentieth century environmental concerns.
Sustainable forest management is the management of forests according to the principles of sustainable development.

Sustainability science

Sustainability
Sustainability science is the study of the concepts of sustainable development and environmental science.
Sustainability science, like sustainability itself, derives some impetus from the concepts of sustainable development and environmental science.

United Nations

UN🇺🇳U.N.
Two years later, the United Nations World Charter for Nature raised five principles of conservation by which human conduct affecting nature is to be guided and judged.
Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law.

International Union for Conservation of Nature

IUCNInternational Union for the Conservation of NatureInternational Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
In 1980 the International Union for the Conservation of Nature published a world conservation strategy that included one of the first references to sustainable development as a global priority and introduced the term "sustainable development".
Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects.

Brundtland Commission

World Commission on Environment and DevelopmentBrundtland definitionBrundtland Report
While the modern concept of sustainable development is derived mostly from the 1987 Brundtland Report, it is also rooted in earlier ideas about sustainable forest management and twentieth century environmental concerns.
Formerly known as the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), the mission of the Brundtland Commission is to unite countries to pursue sustainable development together.

Agenda 21

Agenda 21 (1992)Agenda 21 locallocal Agenda 21
The action plan Agenda 21 for sustainable development identified information, integration, and participation as key building blocks to help countries achieve development that recognises these interdependent pillars.
Agenda 21 is a non-binding action plan of the United Nations with regard to sustainable development.

Earth Charter

Earth Charter International
In 1992, the UN Conference on Environment and Development published the Earth Charter, which outlines the building of a just, sustainable, and peaceful global society in the 21st century.
The idea of the Earth Charter originated in 1987, by Maurice Strong and Mikhail Gorbachev as members of The Club of Rome, when the United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development called for a new charter to guide the transition to sustainable development.

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
Building on the achievement of the Decade, stated in the Aichi-Nagoya Declaration on ESD, UNESCO endorsed the Global Action Programme on ESD (GAP) in the 37th session of its General Conference.
UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information".

United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

Rio+20Rio+20 ConferenceRio+20 Earth Summit
The role of ESD was recognized in three major UN summits on sustainable development: the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg, South Africa; and the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) in Rio de Janeiro.
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), also known as Rio 2012, Rio+20, or Earth Summit 2012 was the third international conference on sustainable development aimed at reconciling the economic and environmental goals of the global community.

Economic development

developmenteconomicdevelop
As the concept developed, it has shifted to focus more on economic development, social development and environmental protection for future generations. Under the principles of the United Nations Charter the Millennium Declaration identified principles and treaties on sustainable development, including economic development, social development and environmental protection.
Governments undertaking to meet broad economic objectives such as price stability, high employment, and sustainable growth. Such efforts include monetary and fiscal policies, regulation of financial institutions, trade, and tax policies.

Planetary boundaries

planetary boundarydestroying the planetlimits to growth posed by a finite planet
If the degradation continues beyond a certain tipping point or critical threshold it would lead to eventual extinction for humanity.
The group wanted to define a "safe operating space for humanity" for the international community, including governments at all levels, international organizations, civil society, the scientific community and the private sector, as a precondition for sustainable development.

United Nations Millennium Declaration

Millennium DeclarationMillennium Declaration (2000)
Under the principles of the United Nations Charter the Millennium Declaration identified principles and treaties on sustainable development, including economic development, social development and environmental protection.
The Millennium Declaration has eight chapters and key objectives, adopted by 189 world leaders during the summit: The Declaration, after the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, stresses the observance of international human rights law and international humanitarian law under the Principles of United Nations Charter as well as the treaties on sustainable development.

Sustainable Development Goals

2030 Agenda for Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Development GoalSustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
In September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly formally adopted the "universal, integrated and transformative" 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
==== "Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all."

Climate change adaptation

adaptationclimate adaptationadaptation to climate change
The IPCC Fifth Assessment Report outlines current knowledge about scientific, technical and socio-economic information concerning climate change, and lists options for adaptation and mitigation.
The IPCC group also pointed out that climate change adaptation measures can reinforce and be reinforced by efforts to promote sustainable development and reduce poverty.

Donella Meadows

Donella H. MeadowsDana MeadowsDonela Meadows
One of the first uses of the term sustainable in the contemporary sense was by the Club of Rome in 1972 in its classic report on the Limits to Growth, written by a group of scientists led by Dennis and Donella Meadows of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Meadows founded the Sustainability Institute, which combined research in global systems with practical demonstrations of sustainable living, including the development of a cohousing (or ecovillage) and organic farm at Cobb Hill in Hartland, Vermont.

Steady-state economy

steady-state theoriststeady state economyzero growth
Scientists in many fields have highlighted The Limits to Growth, and economists have presented alternatives, for example a 'steady-state economy', to address concerns over the impacts of expanding human development on the planet.
Non-renewable mineral reserves are currently extracted at high and unsustainable rates from earth's crust.

Permaculture

permaculturistpermaculturalistpermaculturists
Elements of sustainable agriculture include permaculture, agroforestry, mixed farming, multiple cropping, and crop rotation.
Permaculture draws from several disciplines including organic farming, agroforestry, integrated farming, sustainable development, and applied ecology.

Appropriate technology

appropriate technologiesintermediate technologytechnology critics
Technology to meet these sustainable development needs is often referred to as appropriate technology, which is an ideological movement (and its manifestations) originally articulated as intermediate technology by the economist E. F. Schumacher in his influential work, Small is Beautiful. and now covers a wide range of technologies.
OSAT has been proposed as a new model of enabling innovation for sustainable development.

Intergenerational equity

intergenerational justiceIntergenerationalon behalf of future generations
Issues of intergenerational equity, irreversibility of environmental change, uncertainty of long-term outcomes, and sustainable development guide ecological economic analysis and valuation.
Intergenerational equity is also explored in environmental concerns, including sustainable development, global warming and climate change.

Overexploitation

over-exploitationoverexploitedoverharvesting
It has been suggested that because of rural poverty and overexploitation, environmental resources should be treated as important economic assets, called natural capital.
In more recent times, overexploitation has resulted in the gradual emergence of the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development, which has built on other concepts, such as sustainable yield, eco-development and deep ecology.

Herman Daly

Daly, HermanH.E. DalyProf. Herman Daly
Herman Daly, an economist for the Bank from 1988 to 1994, writes:
Daly was Senior Economist in the Environment Department of the World Bank, where he helped to develop policy guidelines related to sustainable development.

Future generation

future generations
ESD aims to produce learning outcomes that include core competencies such as critical and systemic thinking, collaborative decision-making, and taking responsibility for present and future generations.
This is referred to in the most widely quoted definition of sustainability as a part of the concept sustainable development, is that of the Brundtland Commission of the United Nations on March 20, 1987: “sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

Eco-efficiency

eco-efficientGreeneconomic and environmental efficiency
This eco-efficiency is usually calculated as the economic value added by a firm in relation to its aggregated ecological impact.
Eco-Efficiency has been proposed as one of the main tools to promote a transformation from unsustainable development to one of sustainable development.

Natural resource

natural resourcesresourcesmineral resources
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
The depletion of natural resources is considered a sustainable development issue.