Sutomo

Bung TomoSutomo (a.k.a. Bung Tomo)
Sutomo (3 October 1920 – 7 October 1981), also known as Bung Tomo, is best known for his role as an Indonesian military leader during the Indonesian National Revolution against the Netherlands.wikipedia
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Indonesian National Revolution

National RevolutionIndonesian RevolutionIndonesian War of Independence
Sutomo (3 October 1920 – 7 October 1981), also known as Bung Tomo, is best known for his role as an Indonesian military leader during the Indonesian National Revolution against the Netherlands. During the early stages of the Indonesian National Revolution he played a central role when Surabaya came under British attack.
The Simpang Society Club Surabaya was appropriated by the Pemudas of the Partai Rakyat Indonesia (P.R.I.) and made into the headquarters of P.R.I. commander Sutomo, who personally supervised the summary executions of hundreds of civilians.

Surabaya

SoerabajaSourabayaAmpel
He played a central role in Battle of Surabaya when the Dutch attacked the city in October and November 1945. Sutomo was born in Kampung Blauran in the centre of Surabaya to a clerk father, Kartawan Tjiptowidjojo, and mother of mixed Javanese, Sundanese and Madurese descent. During the occupation period he worked for the Dōmei Tsushin in Surabaya.
The incident of the red-white flag (the Dutch flag at the top of Yamato Hotel's tower that was torn into the Indonesian red-white flag) by Bung Tomo is also recorded as a heroic feat during the struggle of this city.

Battle of Surabaya

battlebattle at SurabayaBattle of Surabaya (1945)
He played a central role in Battle of Surabaya when the Dutch attacked the city in October and November 1945.
The charismatic Bung Tomo made use of local radio to encourage an atmosphere of fanatical revolutionary fervor across the city.

Indo people

IndoIndosIndo-European
During the Bersiap perod, Sutomo encouraged atrocities against Indonesians of mixed European–Asian ancestry and personally supervised the summary executions of hundreds of civilians.
On 24 November 1945, Sutomo leaked propaganda to specifically kill the Dutch, Indo, Ambonese and unarmed civilians.

East Java

eastern JavaEastJatim
On 9 June 1947, Sutomo married Sulistina in Malang, East Java.
The arrival of Allied forces in Surabaya created tensions with the newly established government of Indonesia, reaching peak on 10 November 1945 where a major battle between the Surabayan residents led by Sutomo and Allied forces.

Gerakan Pramuka Indonesia

scoutsIndonesian ScoutingPramuka
Alongside menial jobs, he joined the Indonesian Scouting organisation and at the age of seventeen as the second Pramuka Garuda; a rank achieved by only three Indonesians before the Japanese occupation during World War II.
Bung Tomo

Bersiap

British-Duch forcesunrest
During the Bersiap perod, Sutomo encouraged atrocities against Indonesians of mixed European–Asian ancestry and personally supervised the summary executions of hundreds of civilians.
In his speeches, the revolutionary leader, Sutomo, specifically aimed his words at the Eurasian population, verbally reducing them to bloodhounds.

Burhanuddin Harahap Cabinet

Burhanuddin HarahapHarahap Cabinetnext Cabinet
Sutomo was a minister of state in the Burhanuddin Harahap Cabinet between August 1955 and March 1956, an appointment which pleased cabinet supporters because of his nationalist credentials.
State Minister: Sutomo (PRI)

Netherlands

Dutch🇳🇱the Netherlands
Sutomo (3 October 1920 – 7 October 1981), also known as Bung Tomo, is best known for his role as an Indonesian military leader during the Indonesian National Revolution against the Netherlands.

Javanese people

JavaneseJavaJavanese culture
Sutomo was born in Kampung Blauran in the centre of Surabaya to a clerk father, Kartawan Tjiptowidjojo, and mother of mixed Javanese, Sundanese and Madurese descent.

Sundanese people

SundaneseSundacultural
Sutomo was born in Kampung Blauran in the centre of Surabaya to a clerk father, Kartawan Tjiptowidjojo, and mother of mixed Javanese, Sundanese and Madurese descent.

Madurese people

MadureseMadura
Sutomo was born in Kampung Blauran in the centre of Surabaya to a clerk father, Kartawan Tjiptowidjojo, and mother of mixed Javanese, Sundanese and Madurese descent.

Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies

Japanese occupationJapanese occupation of the IndiesJapanese occupied the Indies
He had received Dutch secondary education before the Japanese occupation.

Ranks in Gerakan Pramuka Indonesia

Eagle ScoutIndonesiaPramuka Garuda
Alongside menial jobs, he joined the Indonesian Scouting organisation and at the age of seventeen as the second Pramuka Garuda; a rank achieved by only three Indonesians before the Japanese occupation during World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Alongside menial jobs, he joined the Indonesian Scouting organisation and at the age of seventeen as the second Pramuka Garuda; a rank achieved by only three Indonesians before the Japanese occupation during World War II.

Dōmei Tsushin

DomeiDōmeiDomei News Agency
During the occupation period he worked for the Dōmei Tsushin in Surabaya.

British Armed Forces

Forcesarmed forcesBritish
During the early stages of the Indonesian National Revolution he played a central role when Surabaya came under British attack.

Sukarno

President SukarnoSoekarnoPresident of the Republic of Indonesia
However, his relationship with President Sukarno soured after he offended the president by asking about personal matters.

Transition to the New Order

1966downfall of President SukarnoNew Order
After the 1950s, Sutomo emerged again as a national figure during the 1965 turbulent period.

Suharto

SoehartoPresident SuhartoGeneral Suharto
Initially, he supported Suharto to replace the left-leaning Sukarno government, but later opposed aspects of the New Order regime.

New Order (Indonesia)

New OrderNew Order regimeNew Order administration
Initially, he supported Suharto to replace the left-leaning Sukarno government, but later opposed aspects of the New Order regime.

Malang

cityMa'''langMalang Regency
On 9 June 1947, Sutomo married Sulistina in Malang, East Java.

Mecca

MakkahMakkaMecca, Saudi Arabia
On 7 October 1981, he died in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, during his Hajj pilgrimage.

Hajj

pilgrimagepilgrimage to MeccaḤajj
On 7 October 1981, he died in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, during his Hajj pilgrimage.