Sutra

sūtrasutrassuttasuttasList of sutrassūtrasdiscoursesdiscourseBuddhist sutraSutra literature
Sutra in Indian literary traditions refers to an aphorism or a collection of aphorisms in the form of a manual or, more broadly, a condensed manual or text.wikipedia
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Buddhist texts

Buddhist scripturesBuddhist literatureBuddhist text
In Buddhism, sutras, also known as suttas, are canonical scriptures, many of which are regarded as records of the oral teachings of Gautama Buddha.
Buddhist traditions have generally divided these texts with their own categories and divisions, such as that between buddhavacana "word of the Buddha," many of which are known as "sutras," and other texts, such as shastras (treatises) or Abhidharma.

Aphorism

aphorismsaphoristaphoristic
Sutra in Indian literary traditions refers to an aphorism or a collection of aphorisms in the form of a manual or, more broadly, a condensed manual or text.
Aphoristic collections, sometimes known as wisdom literature, have a prominent place in the canons of several ancient societies, such as the Sutra literature of India, the Biblical Ecclesiastes, Islamic hadiths, the golden verses of Pythagoras, Hesiod's Works and Days, the Delphic maxims, and Epictetus' Handbook.

Mahavira

MahavirMahāvīraMahaveer
In Jainism, sutras also known as suyas are canonical sermons of Mahavira contained in the Jain Agamas as well as some later (post-canonical) normative texts.
In early Buddhist suttas, he is referred to as Araha ("worthy") and Veyavi (derived from "Vedas", but meaning "wise" in this context; Mahavira did not recognize the Vedas as scripture).

Buddhism

BuddhistBuddhistsBuddhadharma
Sutras are a genre of ancient and medieval Indian texts found in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.
These Sutras suggest, states Paul Williams, that 'all sentient beings contain a Tathagata' as their 'essence, core inner nature, Self'.

Sanskrit prosody

SlokaChandasChanda
The six subjects with their own sutras were "pronunciation (Shiksha), meter (Chandas), grammar (Vyakarana), explanation of words (Nirukta), time keeping through astronomy (Jyotisha), and ceremonial rituals (Kalpa). The first two, states Max Muller, were considered in the Vedic era to be necessary for reading the Veda, the second two for understanding it, and the last two for deploying the Vedic knowledge at yajnas (fire rituals). The sutras corresponding to these are embedded inside the Brahmana and Aranyaka layers of the Vedas. Taittiriya Aranyaka, for example in Book 7, embeds sutras for accurate pronunciation after the terse phrases "On Letters", "On Accents", "On Quantity", "On Delivery", and "On Euphonic Laws".
Like all Sutras, the Pingala text is distilled information in the form of aphorisms, and these were widely commented on through the bhashya tradition of Hinduism.

Bhashya

bhasyabhāṣyabhāsya
A sutra by itself is condensed shorthand, and the threads of syllable are difficult to decipher or understand, without associated scholarly Bhasya or deciphering commentary that fills in the "woof".
A typical Bhashya would be an interpretation of a Sutra or other classical work word by word.

Shulba Sutras

Sulba SutrasSulba SutraŚulba Sūtras
The compendium of ancient Vedic sutra literature that has survived, in full or fragments, includes the Kalpa Sutras, Smarta Sutras, Srauta Sutras, Dharma Sutras, Grhya Sutras, and Sulba Sutras.
The Shulba Sutras or Śulbasūtras (Sanskrit : "string, cord, rope") are sutra texts belonging to the Śrauta ritual and containing geometry related to fire-altar construction.

Vedas

VedicVedaVedic literature
The oldest sutras of Hinduism are found in the Brahmana and Aranyaka layers of the Vedas.
The texts considered "Vedic" in the sense of "corollaries of the Vedas" is less clearly defined, and may include numerous post-Vedic texts such as the later Upanishads and the Sutra literature.

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

Yoga SutrasYoga SutraYogasutras
The Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali are a collection of 196 Indian sutras (aphorisms) on the theory and practice of yoga.

Brahma Sutras

Brahma SutraBrahmasutraVedanta Sutra
The Brahma sutras consists of 555 aphoristic verses (sutras) in four chapters.

Hinduism

HinduHindusHindu culture
Sutras are a genre of ancient and medieval Indian texts found in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.
The Smriti literature of Hinduism, particularly the Sutras, as well as other Hindu texts such as the Arthashastra and Sushruta Samhita were also written or expanded during this period.

Brahmana

BrahmanasBrāhmaṇaBrāhmaṇas
The six subjects with their own sutras were "pronunciation (Shiksha), meter (Chandas), grammar (Vyakarana), explanation of words (Nirukta), time keeping through astronomy (Jyotisha), and ceremonial rituals (Kalpa). The first two, states Max Muller, were considered in the Vedic era to be necessary for reading the Veda, the second two for understanding it, and the last two for deploying the Vedic knowledge at yajnas (fire rituals). The sutras corresponding to these are embedded inside the Brahmana and Aranyaka layers of the Vedas. Taittiriya Aranyaka, for example in Book 7, embeds sutras for accurate pronunciation after the terse phrases "On Letters", "On Accents", "On Quantity", "On Delivery", and "On Euphonic Laws". The oldest sutras of Hinduism are found in the Brahmana and Aranyaka layers of the Vedas.
1000 BCE, but for the most part are older than the text of the Sutras.

Vaiśeṣika Sūtra

Vaisheshika SutraVaiseshika SutraVaisesika Sutra
The sutra was authored by the Hindu sage Kanada, also known as Kashyapa.

Kalpa (Vedanga)

GrhyasutraKalpaGrhyasutras
The compendium of ancient Vedic sutra literature that has survived, in full or fragments, includes the Kalpa Sutras, Smarta Sutras, Srauta Sutras, Dharma Sutras, Grhya Sutras, and Sulba Sutras.
These texts are written aphoristic sutras style, and therefore are taxonomies or terse guidebooks rather than detailed manuals or handbooks for any ceremony.

Yoga

yogicyogiYog
Yoga is discussed in the ancient foundational Sutras of Hindu philosophy.

Sanskrit

Sanskrit languageClassical SanskritSkt.
The Sanskrit word Sūtra (Sanskrit: सूत्र, Pali: sūtta, Ardha Magadhi: sūya) means "string, thread".
Some sutras expound upon the variant forms of spoken Sanskrit versus written Sanskrit.

Narada Bhakti Sutra

Narad Bhakti SutraNārada Bhakti Sūtra
The Narada Bhakti Sutra (IAST: ) is a well known sutra venerated within the traditions of Hinduism, reportedly spoken by the famous sage, Narada.

Hindu philosophy

Hindu philosopherdarsanasDarshanas
Every school of Hindu philosophy, Vedic guides for rites of passage, various fields of arts, law, and social ethics developed respective sutras, which helped teach and transmit ideas from one generation to the next.
Its theories and development has been compiled from historic secondary literature such as those found in the shastras, sutras and the Indian epic poetry as well as from the texts of Buddhism and from Jain literature.

Vyākaraṇa

VyakaranaSanskritistSanskrit grammarian
The six subjects with their own sutras were "pronunciation (Shiksha), meter (Chandas), grammar (Vyakarana), explanation of words (Nirukta), time keeping through astronomy (Jyotisha), and ceremonial rituals (Kalpa). The first two, states Max Muller, were considered in the Vedic era to be necessary for reading the Veda, the second two for understanding it, and the last two for deploying the Vedic knowledge at yajnas (fire rituals). The sutras corresponding to these are embedded inside the Brahmana and Aranyaka layers of the Vedas. Taittiriya Aranyaka, for example in Book 7, embeds sutras for accurate pronunciation after the terse phrases "On Letters", "On Accents", "On Quantity", "On Delivery", and "On Euphonic Laws".
It is a complete and descriptive treatise on Sanskrit grammar in aphoristic sutras format.

Lotus Sutra

Lotus SūtraHachidai ryuuouKannon Sutra
There are many important or influential Mahayana texts, such as the Platform Sutra and the Lotus Sutra, that are called sutras despite being attributed to much later authors.
The Lotus Sūtra (Sanskrit:, literally "Sūtra on the White Lotus of the Sublime Dharma") is one of the most popular and influential Mahayana sutras, and the basis on which the Tiantai, Tendai, Cheontae, and Nichiren schools of Buddhism were established.

Nyāya Sūtras

Nyaya SutrasAksapada GautamaGotama
It is likely, states Jeaneane Fowler, that Nyaya and the science of reason stretch back into the Vedic era; it developed in the ancient Indian tradition that involved "dialectical tournaments, in the halls of kings and schools of Vedic philosophers", and Gautama was the one who distilled and systematized this pre-existing knowledge into sutras, or aphoristic compilations called nyayasutras.

Shloka

slokasslokaśloka
A sūtra is different from other components such as Shlokas, Anuvyakhayas and Vyakhyas found in ancient Indian literature.

Shiva Sutras

Shiva SutrapratyaharaSiva Sutras
The latter is less plausible, but the practice of encoding complex rules in short, mnemonic verses is typical of the sutra style.

Mahayana

Mahayana BuddhismMahāyānaMahayana Buddhist
There are many important or influential Mahayana texts, such as the Platform Sutra and the Lotus Sutra, that are called sutras despite being attributed to much later authors.
The earliest textual evidence of "Mahāyāna" comes from sūtras originating around the beginning of the common era.

Smriti

smṛtiSmritisSmrti
The former distills the epistemic debate whether Sruti or Smriti or neither must be considered the more reliable source of knowledge, while the latter distills the rules of musical meters for Samaveda chants and songs.