Swahili language

Swahili in Arabic script—memorial plate at the Askari Monument, Dar es Salaam (1927)
Although originally written with the Arabic script, Swahili is now written in a Latin alphabet introduced by Christian missionaries and colonial administrators. The text shown here is the Catholic version of the Lord's Prayer.
Swahili in Arabic script on the clothes of a girl in German East Africa (ca. early 1900s)
Loxodonta africana elephants frolic in Amboseli National Park, Kenya, 2012.

Bantu language and the native language of the Swahili people native primarily to Tanzania.

- Swahili language
Swahili in Arabic script—memorial plate at the Askari Monument, Dar es Salaam (1927)

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Rwanda

Landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley of Central Africa, where the African Great Lakes region and Southeast Africa converge.

Landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley of Central Africa, where the African Great Lakes region and Southeast Africa converge.

A reconstruction of the ancient King's Palace at Nyanza
Juvénal Habyarimana, president from 1973 to 1994
Human skulls at the Nyamata Genocide Memorial
Rwandan President Paul Kagame
Chamber of Deputies building
Provinces of Rwanda
The Kagera and Ruvubu rivers, part of the upper Nile
Lake and volcano in the Virunga Mountains
Volcanoes National Park is the home of the largest population of Mountain Gorillas in the world.
Giraffe in Akagera National Park
Estimated development of real GDP per capita in Rwanda, since 1950
Coffee beans drying in Maraba. Coffee is one of Rwanda's major cash crops.
Mountain gorillas in Volcanoes National Park
Rural water pump
Rural children
Children in a Rwandan primary school, using laptops supplied by the One Laptop Per Child program
Butaro Hospital at Burera, Northern Province
Historical development of life expectancy in Rwanda
Roman Catholic church in Rwamagana
Traditional Rwandan intore dancers
Rwandan woven agaseke basket
Adrien Niyonshuti, "one of the most famous people in Rwanda", competing in the cross-country mountain biking event at the 2012 Summer Olympics

Swahili, the lingua franca of the East African Community, is also spoken by some as a second language, particularly returned refugees from Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and those who live along the border with the DRC.

Women from Comoros in traditional dress.

Swahili people

Area encompassing the Zanzibar archipelago and mainland Tanzania's seaboard, littoral Kenya, northern Mozambique, the Comoros Islands, southwestern Somalia and Northwest Madagascar.

Area encompassing the Zanzibar archipelago and mainland Tanzania's seaboard, littoral Kenya, northern Mozambique, the Comoros Islands, southwestern Somalia and Northwest Madagascar.

Women from Comoros in traditional dress.
Swahili Arabic script on a one-pysar coin from Zanzibar c. 1299 AH (1882 CE)
Swahili Arabic script on a carved wooden door (open) at Lamu in Kenya
Swahili Arabic script on wooden door in Fort Jesus, Mombasa in Kenya

The modern Swahili people speak the Swahili language as a mother tongue, which belongs to the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo family.

Satellite view of the African Great Lakes region and its coastline.

African Great Lakes

The African Great Lakes (Maziwa Makuu, Ibiyaga bigari) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.

The African Great Lakes (Maziwa Makuu, Ibiyaga bigari) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.

Satellite view of the African Great Lakes region and its coastline.
The African Great Lakes system, in blue.
Map of larger region including the East African Rift and the entire so-called Great Rift Valley

The Swahili language is the most commonly spoken language in the African Great Lakes region.

Burundi

Flag of the Kingdom of Burundi (1962–1966).
Independence Square and monument in Bujumbura.
Belligerents of the Second Congo War. Burundi backed the rebels.
View of the capital city Bujumbura in 2006.
Pierre Nkurunziza, President of Burundi in 2005–2020.
Embassy of Burundi in Brussels
Map of Burundi.
Hippos at Kibira National Park in the Northwest of Burundi
A proportional representation of Burundi exports, 2019
Historical development of GDP per capita
Graphical depiction of Burundi's product exports in 28 colour-coded categories in 2009.
Fishermen on Lake Tanganyika.
Bujumbura International Airport terminal in Bujumbura
Bicycles are a popular means of transport in Burundi
Men in colourful dresses and drums
Children in Bujumbura, Burundi
Drums from Gitega.
Football in Burundi.
Carolus Magnus School in Burundi. The school benefits from the campaign "Your Day for Africa" by Aktion Tagwerk.

Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi (Repuburika y’Uburundi, ; Swahili: Jamuhuri ya Burundi; French: République du Burundi, or ), is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge.

The approximate locations of the sixteen Guthrie Bantu zones, including the addition of a zone J around the Great Lakes. The Jarawan languages are spoken in Nigeria.

Bantu languages

The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: *bantʊ̀) are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples of Central, Southern, and Southeast Africa.

The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: *bantʊ̀) are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples of Central, Southern, and Southeast Africa.

The approximate locations of the sixteen Guthrie Bantu zones, including the addition of a zone J around the Great Lakes. The Jarawan languages are spoken in Nigeria.

The Bantu language with the largest total number of speakers is Swahili; however, for the majority of its speakers it is a second language (L1: c. 16 million, L2: 80 million, as of 2015).

Arabic

Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.

Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.

Safaitic inscription
The Namara inscription, a sample of Nabataean script, considered a direct precursor of Arabic script.
Arabic from the Quran in the old Hijazi dialect (Hijazi script, 7th century AD)
The Qur'an has served and continues to serve as a fundamental reference for Arabic. (Maghrebi Kufic script, Blue Qur'an, 9th-10th century)
Coverage in Al-Ahram in 1934 of the inauguration of the Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo, an organization of major importance to the modernization of Arabic.
Taha Hussein and Gamal Abdel Nasser were both staunch defenders of Standard Arabic.
Flag of the Arab League, used in some cases for the Arabic language
Flag used in some cases for the Arabic language (Flag of the Kingdom of Hejaz 1916–1925).The flag contains the four Pan-Arab colors: black, white, green and red.
Different dialects of Arabic
Arabic calligraphy written by a Malay Muslim in Malaysia. The calligrapher is making a rough draft.

Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Hindustani (Hindi and Urdu), Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Malay (Indonesian and Malaysian), Maldivian, Pashto, Punjabi, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Sicilian, Spanish, Greek, Bulgarian, Tagalog, Sindhi, Odia Hebrew and Hausa and some languages in parts of Africa (e.g. Swahili, Somali).

Oman

Country in Western Asia.

Country in Western Asia.

Late Iron Age sites in Oman.
The Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn in Ad Dhahirah were built in the 3rd Millennium BCE, are UNESCO World Heritage.
Ruins of Khor Rori, built between 100 BCE & 100 CE.
Bahla Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage site, was built between 12th and 15th c. by the Nabhani dynasty.
The Portuguese Empire ruled Oman for 143 years (1507–1650).
Portuguese presence in the 16th and 18th century in the Persian Gulf.
Following the expulsion of the Portuguese Empire, Oman became one of the powers in the western Indian Ocean from 1698 onwards.
The Sultan's Palace in Zanzibar, which was once Oman's capital and residence of its sultans
The split between the interior region (orange) and the coastal region (red) of Oman and Muscat.
Sultan Said bin Taimur ruled from 1932 to 1970.
Nizwa Fort attacked by British Royal Air Force strike aircraft during Jebel Akhdar War.
Sultan Qaboos bin Said ruled from 1970 until his death in 2020.
Wadi Shab
An oasis in Oman
The coast of Sur, Oman
Nakhal palm tree farms in Oman's Batina Region
The Arabian humpback whales off Dhofar
Osprey in Yiti Beach, Oman
The Sultan's Al Alam Palace in Old Muscat
Sultan Haitham bin Tariq with US secretary of state Mike Pompeo, February 2020.
Royal Navy of Oman Khareef-class corvette, Al-Shamikh
Mohammed Alfazari, an exiled Omani writer and journalist now living in the UK, is an author whose books are banned in Oman. He is also the founder and EIC of Muwatin.
Governorates of Oman
A proportional representation of Oman exports, 2019
Historical development of real GDP per capita in Oman
Muscat Securities Market
Petrochemical tanks in Sohar
Al-Bustan Palace Hotel
Wahiba Sands
Arabic and English road sign in Oman
The traditional Dhow, an enduring symbol of Oman
A khanjar, the traditional dagger of Oman (c. 1924)
Cinema in Sur
Ancient irrigation system and water channels. Aflaj Gallery, The National Museum of Oman.
Traditional Omani food
Oman hosted and won the 19th Arabian Gulf Cup.
2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifiers Round 3 match between Oman and Japan at the Royal Oman Police Stadium on 7 June 2008 in Muscat, Oman
A mosque in Muscat, Oman
Mutrah Fort, Muscat, Oman
Al Ameen Mosque, Muscat, Oman
Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, Muscat, Oman
Sultan's Ship, Mutrah, Muscat, Oman
Al Amarat Hills, Muscat, Oman
Al Azaiba Beach, Muscat, Oman
Library of Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, Muscat, Oman

Additionally, Swahili is widely spoken in the country due to the historical relations between Oman and Zanzibar.

Southern African Development Community

Inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.

Inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.

Flag of the SADCC

In August 2019 SADC adopted Swahili as its fourth working language, alongside English, French and Portuguese.

Swahili in Arabic script—memorial plate at the Askari Monument, Dar es Salaam (1927)

Bravanese dialect

Swahili in Arabic script—memorial plate at the Askari Monument, Dar es Salaam (1927)

Bravanese, also called Chimwiini (ChiMwini, Mwiini, Mwini) or Chimbalazi is a variety of Swahili spoken by the Bravanese people, who are the predominant inhabitants of Barawa, or Brava, in Somalia.

Mayotte

Overseas department and region and single territorial collectivity of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French: Département de Mayotte).

Overseas department and region and single territorial collectivity of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French: Département de Mayotte).

Topographic map of Mayotte, the "seahorse island"
Topography of Mayotte
Dziani lake is the result of an ancient volcano that went extinct approximately 500,000 years ago
Coral reef at low tide at M'Bouzi island
Riparian forest with great mango trees
Andriantsoly, the last sultan of Mayotte, from 1832 to 1843
Map of the Comoros Union (three island on the left) and the Mayotte French department (right)
The departmental council in Mamoudzou.
Map of the European Union in the world with overseas countries and territories and outermost regions (prior to Brexit)
House at Kawéni, dubbed the biggest shantytown of France
Agricultural landscape of Mayotte, containing most of the typical crops: coconut trees, bananas, breadfruit, papaya tree, mango trees and manioc.
Tsingoni Mosque is the oldest active mosque in France.
Passamaïnty mosque.

Shimaore, a dialect of Comorian (a close relative of Swahili)