A report on Swahili language

Swahili in Arabic script—memorial plate at the Askari Monument, Dar es Salaam (1927)
Although originally written with the Arabic script, Swahili is now written in a Latin alphabet introduced by Christian missionaries and colonial administrators. The text shown here is the Catholic version of the Lord's Prayer.
Swahili in Arabic script on the clothes of a girl in German East Africa (ca. early 1900s)
Loxodonta africana elephants frolic in Amboseli National Park, Kenya, 2012.

Native language of the Waswahili who are found along the East African coast and litoral islands .

- Swahili language
Swahili in Arabic script—memorial plate at the Askari Monument, Dar es Salaam (1927)

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Image of the Port of Dar es Salaam from the book Von Unseren Kolonien by Ottomar Beta in the year 1908

Dar es Salaam

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Largest city and financial hub of Tanzania.

Largest city and financial hub of Tanzania.

Image of the Port of Dar es Salaam from the book Von Unseren Kolonien by Ottomar Beta in the year 1908
Dar es Salaam in the 1930s, with the Old Boma and St. Joseph's Cathedral prominently in view
PPF tower under construction.
Coco public beach during the daytime, on the western shores of the Indian Ocean
Msasani bay view from Masaki
The Askari Monument along Samora Avenue marks the exact centre of Dar es Salaam, in the Ilala district.
Kigamboni Bridge at night
The Julius Nyerere International Convention Centre in Kivukoni
Urban area
The Bank of Tanzania
The Tanzania Ports Authority headquarters
The new Magufuli Bus Terminal at Mbezi Luis.
The Dar Rapid Transit (DART) is a bus-based mass-transit system connecting the suburbs of Dar es Salaam to the central business district.
The Julius Nyerere International Airport, Dar es Salaam
The main gate of Nyumba ya Sanaa, with decorations by Tanzanian sculptor George Lilanga
A traditional African dance in Dar es Salaam
National Museum of Tanzania
Beach on the peninsula of Kigamboni, Dar es Salaam
Saint Joseph's Metropolitan Cathedral
Aerial view of the Tanzania National Main Stadium, with the Kurasini estuary in the background
The head office of Tanzania Telecommunications Company Ltd at Extelecom Building in Samora Avenue, east of Kisutu
The ship-like building of Airtel Tanzania headquarters in Dar es Salaam
Nkrumah Hall at the University of Dar es Salaam

In the 19th century, Mzizima (Swahili for "healthy town") was a coastal fishing village on the periphery of Indian Ocean trade routes.

Pokomo language

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Bantu language spoken primarily along the East African coast near Tana River in the Tana River District by the Pokomo people of Kenya.

Bantu language spoken primarily along the East African coast near Tana River in the Tana River District by the Pokomo people of Kenya.

All adult speakers of Pokomo are bilingual in Swahili, East Africa's lingua franca.

Emblem of the Nigerian Army, which contains Arabic inscription (Translation: "Victory is from God alone")

Ajami script

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Emblem of the Nigerian Army, which contains Arabic inscription (Translation: "Victory is from God alone")
200 Nigerian naira note containing Ajami script

Ajami (عجمي, ʿajamī) or Ajamiyya (عجمية, ʿajamiyyah), which comes from the Arabic root for foreign or stranger, is an Arabic script used for writing African languages, particularly those of Mandé, Hausa and Swahili, although many other African languages are written using the script, including Yoruba, Mooré,and Pulaar.

Scene in Kilwa District

Kilwa District

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Scene in Kilwa District
Scene in Kilwa District

Kilwa District (Wilaya ya Kilwa in Swahili) is one of six administrative districts of Lindi Region in Tanzania.

Edgar C. Polomé

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Belgian-born American philologist and religious studies scholar.

Belgian-born American philologist and religious studies scholar.

Gilded side of the Trundholm sun chariot, an object from the Nordic Bronze Age. Polomé was interested in Germanic religion and its Indo-European components.
Animated map of Indo-European migrations in accordance with the Kurgan hypothesis. Much of Polomé's research centered on Indo-European studies.

He would eventually acquire proficiency in a large number of languages, including several Italic (such as French, Italian and Latin), Germanic (such as Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish and Gothic), Indo-Iranian (such as Hindi, Sanskrit, Pali, Avestan and Old Persian), Celtic, Baltic and Bantu languages (particularly Swahili), and Greek and Hittite.

A simplified procedure for determining whether two sounds represent the same or different phonemes

Phoneme

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Unit of sound that can distinguish one word from another in a particular language.

Unit of sound that can distinguish one word from another in a particular language.

A simplified procedure for determining whether two sounds represent the same or different phonemes

, as in sing, occurs only at the end of a syllable, never at the beginning (in many other languages, such as Māori, Swahili, Tagalog, and Thai, can appear word-initially).

Bravanese people

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The Bravanese people, also known as the Barawani, are a minority ethnic group inhabiting the city of Barawe of Somalia.

The Bravanese people, also known as the Barawani, are a minority ethnic group inhabiting the city of Barawe of Somalia.

The Bravanese speak the Bravanese language (Chimwiini or Chimini), Northern Dialect of Swahili.

The main islands of the Zanzibar Archipelago: Unguja (left) and Pemba (right)

Pemba Island

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Tanzanian island forming part of the Zanzibar Archipelago, lying within the Swahili Coast in the Indian Ocean.

Tanzanian island forming part of the Zanzibar Archipelago, lying within the Swahili Coast in the Indian Ocean.

The main islands of the Zanzibar Archipelago: Unguja (left) and Pemba (right)
The Mkama Ndume ruins at Pujini village
The Ndagoni ruins at Ras Mkumbuu
Old Portuguese Fort in Chake-Chake
Pemba's courthouse in Chake Chake
Island near Chake Chake
A wharf at Mkoani during the daytime with fishing nets being dried in the sun
An example of clove buds being dried in the equatorial sun
Threadfin butterflyfish (Chaetodon auriga). Underwater photograph at Pemba island
Sunburst butterflyfish (Chaetodon kleinii)
Yellow teardrop butterflyfish (Chaetodon interruptus)

Pemba is, with the exception of a strip of land along its eastern coast, a very fertile place: besides clove trees, the locals grow mainly rice, coconut, bananas, cassava, and red beans (called maharagwe in the Swahili language).

Ellen Contini-Morava (left) with her husband Jack Morava near the Burgess Shale, 1971

Ellen Contini-Morava

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Anthropological linguist, interested in the meanings of linguistic forms, discourse analysis, functional linguistics and classification; in particular, in the relationship between lexicon and grammar.

Anthropological linguist, interested in the meanings of linguistic forms, discourse analysis, functional linguistics and classification; in particular, in the relationship between lexicon and grammar.

Ellen Contini-Morava (left) with her husband Jack Morava near the Burgess Shale, 1971

She specializes in Bantu languages in general, and Swahili in particular.

Agreement (linguistics)

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In linguistics, agreement or concord (abbreviated ) occurs when a word changes form depending on the other words to which it relates.

In linguistics, agreement or concord (abbreviated ) occurs when a word changes form depending on the other words to which it relates.

Languages can have no conventional agreement whatsoever, as in Japanese or Malay; barely any, as in English; a small amount, as in spoken French; a moderate amount, as in Greek or Latin; or a large amount, as in Swahili.