Sweater

sweatshirtjumpersweaterspulloversweatshirtsjumpersV-neck sweaterjerseypulloversCosby sweater
A sweater, also called a jumper in British English, is a piece of clothing, typically with long sleeves, made of knitted or crocheted material that covers the upper part of the body.wikipedia
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Cardigan (sweater)

cardigancardigan sweatercardigans
So according to most British dictionaries, British usage agrees with what American dictionaries describe as American English usage, according to which a sweater is either a pullover or a cardigan (which opens at the front).
By contrast, a pullover (or sweater) does not open in front but must be "pulled over" the head to be worn.

Shirt

shirtsshirtingovershirt
Sweaters are worn by adults and children of all genders, often over a shirt, blouse, T-shirt, or other top, but sometimes next to the skin.
Many of these distinctions apply to other upper-body garments, such as coats and sweaters.

Sweater vest

pullovertank topsleeveless sweater
Another type is a sweater vest.
A sweater vest (known as a tank top or sleeveless sweater in the UK) is an item of knitwear that is similar to a sweater, but without sleeves, usually with a low-cut neckline.

Blouse

silk blouseblousessilk blouses
Sweaters are worn by adults and children of all genders, often over a shirt, blouse, T-shirt, or other top, but sometimes next to the skin.
Blouses can be combined well and easily with a blazer, tank top, bolero or sweater, with or without some colourful silks or bead chain necklaces.

Jumper (dress)

jumperjumper dresspinafore dress
In the United States however, "jumper" refers to a style of women's sleeveless dress, worn over a blouse or shirt, and "jersey" refers to a knit shirt, especially if part of an athletic uniform.
A jumper or jumper dress (in American English), pinafore dress or informally pinafore (British English) is a sleeveless, collarless dress intended to be worn over a blouse, shirt, T-shirt or sweater.

Jersey (clothing)

jerseyjerseysshirt
In the sport of ice hockey, the top of a hockey player's uniform had traditionally been a sweater; and even though modern hockey uniform tops are more commonly a jersey they are typically referred to as a "hockey sweater," regardless of the style, but frequently, in the U.S. it is called a hockey "jersey".
A jersey is an item of knitted clothing, traditionally in wool or cotton, with sleeves, worn as a pullover, as it does not open at the front, unlike a cardigan.

Ribbing (knitting)

ribbingrib-knitplissé
All hems may have various types of borders, such as picots, ribbing and frills.
Thus, ribbing is often used for cuffs, sweater hems and, more generally, any edge that should be form-fitting.

Aran jumper

Aran sweaterAranBáinín
In fact sweaters made from unscoured wool, such as some Irish Aran jumpers, remain wearable even when wet.
The Aran jumper (Irish: Geansaí Árann) is a style of jumper that takes its name from the Aran Islands off the west coast of Ireland.

Hoodie

hoodieshooded sweatshirthood
A sweatshirt with a hood is now usually referred to as a hoodie, although more formal media still use the term "hooded sweatshirt".
A hoodie is a sweatshirt or a jacket with a hood.

Russell Athletic (brand)

Russell AthleticRussell Manufacturing Company Russell Manufacturing Co.
In 1920,Benjamin Russell Jr., a quarterback for the Alabama Crimson Tide Football team, was tired of the constant chafing and itching caused by their wool football uniforms.
In 1920 Russell Sr. & Jr. created the first cotton jersey that is now known as the sweatshirt.

Sweater design

designdesigning the sweater
Sweater design is a specialization of fashion design in which knitted sweaters are designed to fulfill certain aesthetic, functional and commercial criteria.

Hockey jersey

jerseysweaterjerseys
The uniforms that present day ice hockey players wear are sometimes referred to as "sweaters", although they nowadays usually more closely resemble the jerseys worn in other sports like soccer.
Sweaters worn in European leagues and tournaments are adorned with ads, a concept borrowed from football jerseys.

Twinset

twin sets
A twinset, twin set or sweater-set is a matching set of a cardigan and a (usually) short-sleeved jumper or pullover.

T-shirt

T-shirtstee shirtT shirt
Sweaters are worn by adults and children of all genders, often over a shirt, blouse, T-shirt, or other top, but sometimes next to the skin.

Wool

fleecewool tradefleeces
Sweaters were traditionally made from wool but can now be made of cotton, synthetic fibers, or any combination of these.

Cotton

cotton woolcotton industrycotton fiber
Sweaters were traditionally made from wool but can now be made of cotton, synthetic fibers, or any combination of these.

Synthetic fiber

syntheticsynthetic fibresynthetic fibers
Sweaters were traditionally made from wool but can now be made of cotton, synthetic fibers, or any combination of these.

Hyponymy and hypernymy

umbrella termhyponymblanket term
In other words, almost all British dictionaries include cardigans as a type of sweater but at least one includes cardigans as a type of jumper (i.e. most British dictionaries consider "sweater" – and at least one considers "jumper" – to be a hypernym for both pullovers and cardigans).

Neckline

v-necknecklinesjewel neck
Various necklines are found, although the V-neck, turtleneck and the crew neck are the most popular.

Poncho

ponchosrain ponchojorongo
It can range from just below the bust in women's garments to mid-thigh in either sex, or even longer in a knitted variation of the poncho shirtdress.

Shirtdress

shirt dressshirtwaist dressesshirtwaister
It can range from just below the bust in women's garments to mid-thigh in either sex, or even longer in a knitted variation of the poncho shirtdress.

Sleeve

sleevesset-in sleevesBatwing sleeves
The sleeve length is also variable, ranging from full-length or three-quarters to short-sleeved, cap sleeves or sleeveless.

Style line

seam
The front seam or opening of a cardigan allows for further different styles, such as a surplice or a bolero jacket.