Sweden

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Sweden (Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: ), is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe.wikipedia
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Denmark

Danishūüá©ūüáįConstituent country
It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the √Ėresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border.
Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany.

Finland

ūüáęūüáģFinnishFIN
It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the √Ėresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border.
Finland (Suomi ; Finland ), officially the Republic of Finland (Suomen tasavalta, Republiken Finland ) is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

Norway

Norwegianūüá≥ūüáīNOR
It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the √Ėresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway.
The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden (1,619 km or 1,006 mi long).

Scandinavia

ScandinavianScandinavian countriesNordic
Sweden (Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: ), is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe.
The term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.

Monarchy of Sweden

King of SwedenKingMonarch
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway.
The Monarchy of Sweden concerns the monarchical head of state of Sweden, which is a constitutional and hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary system.

Stockholm

Stockholm, Swedencity of Stockholmcapital
The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries; 960,031 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.

Unicameralism

unicameralunicameral legislatureunicameral parliament
Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag.
Sometimes, as in New Zealand and Denmark, this comes about through the abolition of one of the two chambers, or, as in Sweden, through the merger of the two chambers into a single one, while in others a second chamber has never existed.

Riksdag

Swedish parliamentParliamentMember of Parliament
Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag.
meeting_place = Parliament House Helgeandsholmen Stockholm, 100 12 Kingdom of Sweden

Union between Sweden and Norway

United Kingdoms of Sweden and NorwayKingdom of SwedenSweden‚ÄďNorway
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union.
Sweden and Norway or Sweden‚ÄďNorway (Svensk-norska unionen; Den svensk-norske union), officially the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, or as the United Kingdoms, was a personal union of the separate kingdoms of Sweden and Norway under a common monarch and common foreign policy that lasted from 1814 until its amicable and peaceful dissolution in 1905.

Prime Minister of Sweden

Prime MinisterSwedish Prime MinisterPrime Minister for Justice
Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister.
The Prime Minister (statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden.

Swedes (Germanic tribe)

SwedesSwedishSvear
Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats (Swedish G√∂tar) and Swedes (Svear) and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swńďo√ĺńďod, which meant "people of the Swedes" (Old Norse Sv√≠√ĺj√≥√į, Latin Suetidi). This word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas (Old Norse Sviar, Latin Suiones). The Swedish name Sverige (a compound of the words Svea and rike, with lenition of the consonant [k], first recorded in the cognate Swńďorice in Beowulf) literally means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in G√∂taland.
The Swedes (svear; Old Norse: svíar / suar (probably from the PIE reflexive pronominal root *s(w)e, "one's own [tribesmen/kinsmen]"; Old English: Sweonas) were a North Germanic tribe who inhabited Svealand ("land of the Swedes") in central Sweden and one of the progenitor groups of modern Swedes, along with Geats and Gutes.

Scandinavian Peninsula

ScandinavianScandinavianorthern Scandinavian
Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The Scandinavian Peninsula ({{lang-sv|Skandinaviska halv√∂n}}; {{lang-no|Den skandinaviske halv√ły}} (Bokm√•l) or {{lang-nn|Den skandinaviske halv√łya}}; {{lang-fi|Skandinavian niemimaa}}; {{lang-ru|–°–ļ–į–Ĺ–ī–ł–Ĺ–į–≤—Ā–ļ–ł–Ļ –Ņ–ĺ–Ľ—É–ĺ—Ā—ā—Ä–ĺ–≤}}, Skandinavsky poluostrov) is a peninsula of Eurasia located in Northern Europe, which generally comprises the mainland of Sweden, the mainland of Norway {{Citation needed span|(with the exception of a small coastal area bordering Russia), the northwestern area of Finland, as well as a narrow area in the west of the Pechengsky District of Russia|date=November 2018}}.

Head of state

heads of statechief of stateheads of states
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway.
3) The non-executive model, in which the head of state has either none or very limited executive powers, and mainly has a ceremonial and symbolic role (e.g. Sweden, Japan, Israel).

Dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden

dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden in 1905dissolveddissolution of the union
The union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905.
The dissolution of the union (Unionsoppl√łysinga; Landsm√•l: Unionsoppl√łysingi; Unionsuppl√∂sningen) between the kingdoms of Norway and Sweden under the House of Bernadotte, was set in motion by a resolution of the Norwegian Parliament (the Storting) on 7 June 1905.

Kalmar Union

union kingDanishDenmark
This led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523.
The Kalmar Union (Danish, Norwegian and Kalmarunionen; Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then including most of Finland's populated areas), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas dependencies (then including Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands and the Northern Isles).

Old Norse

NorseOld ScandinavianON
Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swńďo√ĺńďod, which meant "people of the Swedes" (Old Norse Sv√≠√ĺj√≥√į, Latin Suetidi). This word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas (Old Norse Sviar, Latin Suiones). The Swedish name Sverige (a compound of the words Svea and rike, with lenition of the consonant [k], first recorded in the cognate Swńďorice in Beowulf) literally means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in G√∂taland.
For example, Old East Norse traits were found in eastern Norway, although Old Norwegian is classified as Old West Norse, and Old West Norse traits were found in western Sweden.

Nordic Council

Nordic Council of MinistersNCtrade agreement
It is also a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Formed in 1952, it has 87 representatives from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden as well as from the autonomous areas of the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and the √Öland Islands.

Danish language

DanishDanish-languageda
Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Sv√łr√≠ki, Icelandic Sv√≠√ĺj√≥√į, and the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi (Finnish) and Rootsi (Estonian) are used, names commonly considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, Uppland, who were known as the Rus', and through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia.
Also, minor Danish-speaking communities are found in Norway, Sweden, Spain, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina.

Scania

Skåne(Skåne)Scanian
Sweden's prehistory begins in the Aller√łd oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
Scania, also known as Skåne, is the southernmost province (landskap) of Sweden.

Finnish language

FinnishFinnish-languagefi
Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Sv√łr√≠ki, Icelandic Sv√≠√ĺj√≥√į, and the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi (Finnish) and Rootsi (Estonian) are used, names commonly considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, Uppland, who were known as the Rus', and through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia.
Finnish is one of the two official languages of Finland (the other being the Swedish language); Finnish is also an official minority language in Sweden.

Uppland

Upland
Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Sv√łr√≠ki, Icelandic Sv√≠√ĺj√≥√į, and the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi (Finnish) and Rootsi (Estonian) are used, names commonly considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, Uppland, who were known as the Rus', and through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia.
Uppland is a historical province or landskap on the eastern coast of Sweden, just north of Stockholm, the capital.

Nordic model

Swedish modelNordic social welfare systemwelfare state
Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens.
The Nordic model refers to the economic and social policies common to the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Sweden).

Viking Age

VikingViking eraViking-Age
The Swedish Viking Age lasted roughly from the 8th century to the 11th century.
In this period, the Norsemen settled in Norse Greenland, Newfoundland, and present-day Faroe Islands, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Normandy, Scotland, England, Wales, Ireland, Isle of Man, the Netherlands, Germany, Ukraine, Russia, and Turkey.

Northern Europe

NorthernNorthern EuropeanNordic
Sweden (Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: ), is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe.
Nations usually included within this region are Denmark, Estonia, the Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway and Sweden, and less often the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, northern Germany, northern Belarus and northwest Russia.

2003 Swedish euro referendum

referendum2003 referendum2003
After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum.
A non-binding referendum on introduction of the euro was held in Sweden on 14 September 2003.