Sweden–Norway in 1904
A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities
Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, Crown Prince of Sweden in 1810 and Norway in 1814, and King of Sweden and Norway in 1818. Portrait by Joseph Nicolas Jouy, after François-Joseph Kinson
Viking expeditions (blue lines)
King Charles XIII (Charles II in Norway)
The Tjängvide image stone dating from 800 to 1099, example of Viking art
Christian Frederik, hereditary prince of Denmark and Norway, King of Norway May–October 1814, and King of Denmark (as Christian VIII) 1839–48. Portrait by Johan Ludwig Lund 1813
Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), a site of religious and political importance in the early days of Sweden
Count Johan Caspar Herman Wedel-Jarlsberg, who warned Christian Frederik
Skog tapestry, made most probably during the late 13th century.
Oscar Wergeland: The Norwegian Constitutional Assembly in 1814
Gustav I liberated Sweden from Christian II of Denmark, ending the Kalmar Union. He established the House of Vasa which ruled Sweden and Poland until the 17th century
Christian Magnus Falsen, at 32, was credited as being the constitution's father.
Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631.
Swedish Crown Prince Charles John (Bernadotte), who staunchly opposed Norwegian independence, only to offer generous terms of a union
The Swedish Empire between 1611 and 1815, with its absolute peak between 1658 and 1660.
Map of Norway and Sweden in 1847, by Peter Andreas Munch
The Battle of Poltava in 1709. In the following years, Russia and her allies occupied all Swedish dominions on the Baltic coast and even Finland.
King Charles XIV John (Charles III John in Norway). Portrait by Fredric Westin
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Famine of 1867–1869
Poster promoting Scandinavism between Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Swedish emigrants boarding ship in Gothenburg in 1905
King Oscar II
A Swedish soldier during World War II. Sweden remained neutral during the conflict.
Swedish and Norwegian flags in 1899, after the removal of the union badge from the merchant flag of Norway
Tage Erlander (left), Prime Minister under the ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1946 to 1969.
The peace monument of Karlstad was erected on the city square in 1955, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the dissolution of the union.
Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Norwegian soldiers at the border in September 1905. Photo by Narve Skarpmoen
Second day of the Stockholm Husby riots. The picture shows three cars on fire in the Stockholm suburb of Husby, 20 May 2013
State flag of Sweden (pre-1814–1815)
View of the Stora Sjöfallet National Park
Flag of Norway (1814–1821)
Scania in southern Sweden
Flag of Sweden and Norway (1818–1844)
Sandhamn island, Stockholm archipelago
State flag and naval ensign of Sweden and Norway (1815–1844)
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the 0°C isotherm
Union naval jack and diplomatic flag (1844–1905)
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the -3°C isotherm
Flag of Sweden (1844–1905)
Map of Sweden's five major vegetation zones
Flag of Norway (1821–1844)
The current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, and his consort, Queen Silvia
Flag of Norway (1844–1899)
Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.
Flag of Norway (1899–present)
The Riksdag chamber, at the time of a vote, in 2009
State flag and naval ensign of Sweden (1844–1905)
The party leaders lined up before the start of the televised live debate on 12 September 2014.
Naval ensign of Norway (1844–1905) and state flag (1844–1899)
Municipal divisions of Sweden
State flag of Norway (1899–present)
Kingdoms of Svear (Sweonas) and Götar (Geats) in the 12th century, with modern borders in grey
Royal standard in Sweden (1844–1905)
The Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament in 2014
Royal standard in Norway (1844–1905)
Bonde Palace in Stockholm, seat of the Supreme Court of Sweden
Royal Swedish coat of arms (1814–1844)
The EU parliament in Brussels. Sweden is a member state of the European Union.
Union and royal coat of arms (1844–1905)
Development aid measured in GNI in 2009. Source: OECD. As a percentage Sweden is the largest donor.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is an advanced Swedish multi-role fighter aircraft of the Swedish Air Force.
The Infantry fighting vehicle CV90, which is produced and used by Sweden
Gross regional product (GRP) per capita in thousands of kronor (2014)
A proportional representation of Sweden exports, 2019
Sweden is home to Volvo Cars, an automobile company with its headquarters in Gothenburg
Real GDP growth in Sweden, 1996–2006
Sweden is part of the Schengen Area and the EU single market.
Nordstan is one of the largest shopping malls in northern Europe
Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, located south of Gothenburg
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen in Denmark
Stockholm Central Station
Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and institutor of the Nobel Prize
Population density in the counties of Sweden.
people/km²
Distribution of speakers of the Swedish language
The Protestant Katarina Church in Stockholm
The second oldest mosque in Sweden is the Malmö Mosque, inaugurated in 1984
Historical development of life expectancy in Sweden
Uppsala University (established 1477)
Nationalmuseum in Stockholm
The Swedish band ABBA in April 1974, a few days after they won the Eurovision Song Contest
Djurgårdsbron
Kalmar Cathedral
Headquarters of Sveriges Television in Stockholm
The writer and playwright August Strindberg
Walpurgis Night bonfire in Sweden
Cinnamon rolls originated in Sweden and Denmark.
Former World No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg
Former world No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg

Sweden and Norway or Sweden–Norway (Svensk-norska unionen; Den svensk-norske union(en)), officially the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, and known as the United Kingdoms, was a personal union of the separate kingdoms of Sweden and Norway under a common monarch and common foreign policy that lasted from 1814 until its peaceful dissolution in 1905.

- Union between Sweden and Norway

The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814 when Norway was militarily forced into a personal union, which peacefully dissolved in 1905.

- Sweden

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Portrait by Émile Mascré, 1843

Charles XIV John

King of Sweden and Norway from 1818 until his death.

King of Sweden and Norway from 1818 until his death.

Portrait by Émile Mascré, 1843
Bernadotte's birthplace in Pau, France
Bust of a young Bernadotte at the Bernadotte Museum in Pau, France
Bernadotte as a Marshal of the Empire; copy of an 1804 portrait by François Kinson
Statue in Norrköping erected in 1846
Bernadotte as Crown Prince, painting by Fredric Westin
Coronation of Charles XIV John as King of Sweden in Stockholm Cathedral
Coronation of Charles III John as King of Norway in Nidaros Cathedral, Trondheim
Equestrian statue in Stockholm depicting Charles XIV John
The monument outside the Royal Palace in Oslo
Charles John on his deathbed
Charles John's porphyry sarcophagus

This put Norway into a union with Sweden, which lasted for almost a century before being peacefully dissolved in 1905.

Sweden:

Translated reprint of the part concerned with Norway

Treaty of Kiel

Translated reprint of the part concerned with Norway
Jean Baptiste Bernadotte
Wetterstedt
Charles XIII of Sweden
Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll, 1814.
Hardenberg
Eirik Raudes (Erik the Red's) Land (red)

The Treaty of Kiel (Kieltraktaten) or Peace of Kiel (Swedish and Kielfreden or freden i Kiel) was concluded between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Sweden on one side and the Kingdoms of Denmark and Norway on the other side on 14 January 1814 in Kiel.

After a short war with Sweden, Norway accepted entering into a personal union with Sweden at the Convention of Moss.

Charles John, born Jean Bernadotte, King of Sweden and Norway 1818–1844
Portrait by Fredric Westin.

House of Bernadotte

Charles John, born Jean Bernadotte, King of Sweden and Norway 1818–1844
Portrait by Fredric Westin.
Bernadotte's arms as sovereign of Pontecorvo
Greater Coat of Arms of Sweden

The House of Bernadotte is the royal house of Sweden since its foundation in 1818.

The war ended when Bernadotte persuaded Norway to enter into a personal union with Sweden.

The constituent assembly at Eidsvoll in 1814

Swedish–Norwegian War (1814)

The constituent assembly at Eidsvoll in 1814

The Swedish–Norwegian War, also known as the Campaign against Norway (Fälttåget mot Norge), War with Sweden 1814 (Krigen med Sverige 1814), or the Norwegian War of Independence, was a war fought between Sweden and Norway in the summer of 1814.

The war resulted in a compromise, with Norway being forced into the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, a union with Sweden under the Swedish king Charles XIII, but with Norway having its own constitution and parliament.

Denmark–Norway

Early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real union consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (including the then Norwegian overseas possessions: the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, and other possessions), the Duchy of Schleswig, and the Duchy of Holstein.

Early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real union consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (including the then Norwegian overseas possessions: the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, and other possessions), the Duchy of Schleswig, and the Duchy of Holstein.

Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
Denmark–Norway and its possessions, c. 1800
Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
The Carta marina, an early map of the Nordic countries, made around the end of the Kalmar Union and the start of Denmark–Norway
Christian IV of Denmark
Naval battle between the frigate and Norwegian gunboats near Bergen in 1808

Denmark, Norway, and Sweden established and formed the Kalmar Union in 1397.

Norway thereafter entered into a much looser personal union with Sweden until 1905, when that union was dissolved and both kingdoms became independent.

Kalmar Union

The Kalmar Union, c. 1400
The Kalmar Union, c. 1400

The Kalmar Union (Danish, Norwegian, and Kalmarunionen; Finnish: Kalmarin unioni; Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union in Scandinavia, agreed at Kalmar in Sweden, that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then including most of present-day Finland), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas colonies (then including Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and the Northern Isles of Orkney and Shetland).

The ensuing union between Sweden and Norway lasted until 1905, when prince Carl of Denmark, a grandson of both the incumbent king of Denmark and the late king of Sweden, was elected king of Norway.

Charles wearing the insignia of the Order of Charles XIII (in red), portrait by Carl Frederik von Breda

Charles XIII

King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway from 1814 to his death.

King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway from 1814 to his death.

Charles wearing the insignia of the Order of Charles XIII (in red), portrait by Carl Frederik von Breda
Prince Charles, in 1758 by Ulrica Pasch.
Gustav III, King of Sweden, and his brothers
Coronet created for Prince Charles and worn at his brother Gustav's coronation in 1772.
King Charles XIII of Sweden by unknown artist
The elderly King Carl XIII
Coat of Arms as Prince of Sweden, Duke of Södermanland
Coat of Arms as King Charles XIII of Sweden, 1809-1814
Coat of Arms as King Charles XIII of Sweden and Norway, 1814-1818
Royal Monogram of King Charles XIII of Sweden

By the Union of Sweden and Norway on 4 November 1814 Charles became king of Norway under the name Carl II of Norway.

Sweden:

Scandinavia

Subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties between its constituent peoples.

Subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties between its constituent peoples.

Galdhøpiggen is the highest point in Scandinavia and is a part of the Scandinavian Mountains.
Scandinavia originally referred vaguely to Scania, a formerly Danish region that became Swedish in the seventeenth century.
The original areas inhabited (during the Bronze Age) by the peoples now known as Scandinavians included what is now Northern Germany (particularly Schleswig-Holstein), all of Denmark, southern Sweden, the southern coast of Norway and Åland in Finland while namesake Scania found itself in the centre.
Scandinavism—a Norwegian, a Dane and a Swede.
Historically verified distribution of the Sami languages ([[:File:Sami languages large 2.png|legend]])
The Kalmar Union (c. 1400)

In English usage, Scandinavia most commonly refers to Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.

The most recent union was the union between Sweden and Norway, which ended in 1905.

A postcard from around the time of the Norwegian plebiscite. Ja, vi elsker dette landet ("Yes, we love this country") are the opening words of the Norwegian national anthem.

Dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden

A postcard from around the time of the Norwegian plebiscite. Ja, vi elsker dette landet ("Yes, we love this country") are the opening words of the Norwegian national anthem.
The Norwegian Storting passes the "revolutionary" resolution
The Norwegian flag, without the union mark, is raised at Akershus Fortress following the dissolution resolution
Peace monument in Karlstad, erected on the city square on the 50th anniversary of the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden
The new king Haakon VII arrives in Norway with Crown Prince Olav on his arm and is greeted on board the ship Heimdal by Prime Minister Christian Michelsen
The swearing in as king of Haakon VII in the Parliament of Norway Building
Statue of King Haakon VII in 7th of June Square, Oslo

The dissolution of the union (Unionsoppløysinga; Landsmål: Unionsoppløysingi; Unionsupplösningen) between the kingdoms of Norway and Sweden under the House of Bernadotte, was set in motion by a resolution of the Storting on 7 June 1905.

On that date, King Oscar II renounced his claim to the Norwegian throne, effectively dissolving the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, and this event was swiftly followed, on 18 November, by the accession to the Norwegian throne of Prince Carl of Denmark, taking the name of Haakon VII.