A report on Sweden and Västergötland

Summertime agricultural landscape around Flo, south of Vänern. These plains are part of the geographical Central Swedish lowland and the geological Sub-Cambrian peneplain.
A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities
Husaby Church
Viking expeditions (blue lines)
Läckö Castle
The Tjängvide image stone dating from 800 to 1099, example of Viking art
Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), a site of religious and political importance in the early days of Sweden
Skog tapestry, made most probably during the late 13th century.
Gustav I liberated Sweden from Christian II of Denmark, ending the Kalmar Union. He established the House of Vasa which ruled Sweden and Poland until the 17th century
Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631.
The Swedish Empire between 1611 and 1815, with its absolute peak between 1658 and 1660.
The Battle of Poltava in 1709. In the following years, Russia and her allies occupied all Swedish dominions on the Baltic coast and even Finland.
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Famine of 1867–1869
Swedish emigrants boarding ship in Gothenburg in 1905
A Swedish soldier during World War II. Sweden remained neutral during the conflict.
Tage Erlander (left), Prime Minister under the ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1946 to 1969.
Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Second day of the Stockholm Husby riots. The picture shows three cars on fire in the Stockholm suburb of Husby, 20 May 2013
View of the Stora Sjöfallet National Park
Scania in southern Sweden
Sandhamn island, Stockholm archipelago
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the 0°C isotherm
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the -3°C isotherm
Map of Sweden's five major vegetation zones
The current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, and his consort, Queen Silvia
Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.
The Riksdag chamber, at the time of a vote, in 2009
The party leaders lined up before the start of the televised live debate on 12 September 2014.
Municipal divisions of Sweden
Kingdoms of Svear (Sweonas) and Götar (Geats) in the 12th century, with modern borders in grey
The Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament in 2014
Bonde Palace in Stockholm, seat of the Supreme Court of Sweden
The EU parliament in Brussels. Sweden is a member state of the European Union.
Development aid measured in GNI in 2009. Source: OECD. As a percentage Sweden is the largest donor.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is an advanced Swedish multi-role fighter aircraft of the Swedish Air Force.
The Infantry fighting vehicle CV90, which is produced and used by Sweden
Gross regional product (GRP) per capita in thousands of kronor (2014)
A proportional representation of Sweden exports, 2019
Sweden is home to Volvo Cars, an automobile company with its headquarters in Gothenburg
Real GDP growth in Sweden, 1996–2006
Sweden is part of the Schengen Area and the EU single market.
Nordstan is one of the largest shopping malls in northern Europe
Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, located south of Gothenburg
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen in Denmark
Stockholm Central Station
Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and institutor of the Nobel Prize
Population density in the counties of Sweden.
people/km²
Distribution of speakers of the Swedish language
The Protestant Katarina Church in Stockholm
The second oldest mosque in Sweden is the Malmö Mosque, inaugurated in 1984
Historical development of life expectancy in Sweden
Uppsala University (established 1477)
Nationalmuseum in Stockholm
The Swedish band ABBA in April 1974, a few days after they won the Eurovision Song Contest
Djurgårdsbron
Kalmar Cathedral
Headquarters of Sveriges Television in Stockholm
The writer and playwright August Strindberg
Walpurgis Night bonfire in Sweden
Cinnamon rolls originated in Sweden and Denmark.
Former World No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg
Former world No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg

Västergötland, also known as West Gothland or the Latinized version Westrogothia in older literature, is one of the 25 traditional non-administrative provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish), situated in the southwest of Sweden.

- Västergötland

Götaland in this sense mainly includes the provinces of Östergötland (East Gothia) and Västergötland (West Gothia).

- Sweden

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Götaland

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One of three lands of Sweden and comprises ten provinces.

One of three lands of Sweden and comprises ten provinces.

Map of Götaland, the areas of the Geats, which politically merged with the Swedes to form Sweden. Note that Värmland, north of Dalsland and Västergötland, also was a part of Götaland originally, while the large island of Gotland was not. Expansions in dark gray outside the border, including Gotland.
Historical coat of arms of Götaland.
Map indicating that the areas of the Geats originally included Värmland as well.
Kalmar Castle - View from the North-Eastern side
Gothia, Sweden, in 1635 (yellow outline), bordering Danish Scanian lands to the south and southwest (red outline), and Norway to the west (green outline). Note the inclusion of Värmland.
Map of Sweden's three historical lands, the former Swedish province Österland in Finland, and the former historical land of Denmark (Skåneland) in southern Sweden. In the map, the lands has their most recent borders.
Götaland with the Swedish acquisitions of 1645 and 1658 in darker green: Gotland, Blekinge, Halland, and Skåne from Denmark, and Bohuslän from Norway (then under Danish rule).

However, the term mainly referred to the population of modern Västergötland.

The modern state of Sweden started forming when some provinces of Götaland gradually became more and more politically intertwined with those of Svealand.

Småland

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An image from a canyon in the forested Småland.
Camping site in Småland
A backstuga in småland (ca 1900)
Traditional Windsor chairs are manufactured in great numbers in Småland.
Ingatorp Old Church, Småland, Sweden, ca. 1895
Farmhouses in Småland are typically red with white corners.
The small lands of Småland. The black and red spots indicate runestones. The red spots indicate runestones telling of long voyages.
A Smålandströvare (Smaland hound)
HSwMS Småland, J19

Småland is a historical province (landskap) in southern Sweden.

Småland borders Blekinge, Scania, Halland, Västergötland, Östergötland and the island Öland in the Baltic Sea.

Halland

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The peace stone in Brömsebro is not a runestone even if it looks like one. The stone was made in 1915 to commemorate the peace between Denmark and Sweden and the text is written with Latin letters. The text on the stone says "Memory of the peace in Brömsebro – Gaspard Coignet de La Thuilerie – Axel Oxenstierna – Corfitz Ulfeldt". The three named persons were the negotiators. Thuilerie was an ambassador from France, Oxenstierna represented Sweden and Ulfeldt represented Denmark.

Halland is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap), on the western coast of Götaland, southern Sweden.

It borders Västergötland, Småland, Scania and the sea of Kattegat.

Östergötland

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Typical Östgöta plains
The Palace in Finspång
The church tower at Bjälbo
The Provincial Museum in Linköping
Winter scene at Ekenäs Castle
Former Industrial landscape in Norrköping
Övralid Manor, with view over Lake Vättern
The Göta Canal at Söderköping
Tidersrum Church, the oldest wooden church in Sweden
Vadstena Castle in Vadstena
The Cathedral in Linköping
Vreta Abbey from the early 12th century

Östergötland (English exonym: East Gothland) is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish) in the south of Sweden.

It borders Småland, Västergötland, Närke, Södermanland and the Baltic Sea.

View from Kinnekulle

Vänern

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View from Kinnekulle
Satellite image of Vänern

Vänern (, also , ) is the largest lake in Sweden, the largest lake in the European Union and the third-largest lake of all Europe after Ladoga and Onega in Russia.

It is located in the provinces of Västergötland, Dalsland, and Värmland in the southwest of the country.

Dalsland

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A typical lake in Dalsland
View from the Kroppefjäll tableland, wherein an enclosed area is designated as nature reserve.

Dalsland is a Swedish traditional province, or landskap, situated in Götaland in southern Sweden.

Lying to the west of Lake Vänern, it is bordered by Värmland to the north, Västergötland to the southeast, Bohuslän to the west, and Norway to the northwest.

West to east view of the lake including Visingsö in the foreground

Vättern

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West to east view of the lake including Visingsö in the foreground
Satellite picture of Vättern
View of Visingsö island (1945)

Vättern is the second largest lake by surface area in Sweden, after Vänern, and the sixth largest lake in Europe.

It is bounded by the Provinces of Västergötland, Närke, Östergötland and Småland.

Map of Kattegat and Skagerrak

Kattegat

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Map of Kattegat and Skagerrak
Älvsborg at Gothenburg, a sea fortress in the Kattegat
Grenen in Denmark is important for bird migrations and is a protected area.
Bjärekusten Nature Reserve with Hovs Hallar in Sweden.
There are several offshore windfarms in Kattegat.
Some of the world's busiest shipping lanes pass through Kattegat.
The larger shallow sand and stony reefs have been equipped with light signaling in modern times.
There are several small archipelagos near the mainland in the Swedish part of Kattegat.
The Swedish coasts in Kattegat are rocky shores, like this one in Kullaberg, or sandy or gravel beaches.
All the Danish coasts in Kattegat are sandy or gravel beaches with no exposed bedrock.

The Kattegat (Kattegatt ) is a 30000 km2 sea area bounded by the Jutlandic peninsula in the west, the Danish Straits islands of Denmark and the Baltic Sea to the south and the provinces of Västergötland, Skåne, Halland and Bohuslän in Sweden in the east.

Coin minted for King Olof in Sigtuna

Olof Skötkonung

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Olof Skötkonung, (Old Norse: Óláfr skautkonungr) sometimes stylized as Olaf the Swede (c.

Olof Skötkonung, (Old Norse: Óláfr skautkonungr) sometimes stylized as Olaf the Swede (c.

Coin minted for King Olof in Sigtuna
Olof Skötkonung as imagined by Ansgar Almquist in the 1920s, statue at Stockholm City Hall.
The alleged Olaf Grave at Husaby Church

Norse beliefs persisted in parts of Sweden until the 12th century.

In 1018, Olof's cousin, the earl of Västergötland, Ragnvald Ulfsson and the Norwegian king's emissaries Björn Stallare and Hjalti Skeggiason had arrived at the thing of Uppsala in an attempt to sway the Swedish king to accept peace and as a warrant marry his daughter Ingegerd Olofsdotter to the king of Norway.