A report on Sweden

A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities
Viking expeditions (blue lines)
The Tjängvide image stone dating from 800 to 1099, example of Viking art
Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), a site of religious and political importance in the early days of Sweden
Skog tapestry, made most probably during the late 13th century.
Gustav I liberated Sweden from Christian II of Denmark, ending the Kalmar Union. He established the House of Vasa which ruled Sweden and Poland until the 17th century
Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631.
The Swedish Empire between 1611 and 1815, with its absolute peak between 1658 and 1660.
The Battle of Poltava in 1709. In the following years, Russia and her allies occupied all Swedish dominions on the Baltic coast and even Finland.
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Famine of 1867–1869
Swedish emigrants boarding ship in Gothenburg in 1905
A Swedish soldier during World War II. Sweden remained neutral during the conflict.
Tage Erlander (left), Prime Minister under the ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1946 to 1969.
Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Second day of the Stockholm Husby riots. The picture shows three cars on fire in the Stockholm suburb of Husby, 20 May 2013
View of the Stora Sjöfallet National Park
Scania in southern Sweden
Sandhamn island, Stockholm archipelago
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the 0°C isotherm
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the -3°C isotherm
Map of Sweden's five major vegetation zones
The current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, and his consort, Queen Silvia
Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.
The Riksdag chamber, at the time of a vote, in 2009
The party leaders lined up before the start of the televised live debate on 12 September 2014.
Municipal divisions of Sweden
Kingdoms of Svear (Sweonas) and Götar (Geats) in the 12th century, with modern borders in grey
The Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament in 2014
Bonde Palace in Stockholm, seat of the Supreme Court of Sweden
The EU parliament in Brussels. Sweden is a member state of the European Union.
Development aid measured in GNI in 2009. Source: OECD. As a percentage Sweden is the largest donor.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is an advanced Swedish multi-role fighter aircraft of the Swedish Air Force.
The Infantry fighting vehicle CV90, which is produced and used by Sweden
Gross regional product (GRP) per capita in thousands of kronor (2014)
A proportional representation of Sweden exports, 2019
Sweden is home to Volvo Cars, an automobile company with its headquarters in Gothenburg
Real GDP growth in Sweden, 1996–2006
Sweden is part of the Schengen Area and the EU single market.
Nordstan is one of the largest shopping malls in northern Europe
Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, located south of Gothenburg
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen in Denmark
Stockholm Central Station
Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and institutor of the Nobel Prize
Population density in the counties of Sweden.
Distribution of speakers of the Swedish language
The Protestant Katarina Church in Stockholm
The second oldest mosque in Sweden is the Malmö Mosque, inaugurated in 1984
Historical development of life expectancy in Sweden
Uppsala University (established 1477)
Nationalmuseum in Stockholm
The Swedish band ABBA in April 1974, a few days after they won the Eurovision Song Contest
Kalmar Cathedral
Headquarters of Sveriges Television in Stockholm
The writer and playwright August Strindberg
Walpurgis Night bonfire in Sweden
Cinnamon rolls originated in Sweden and Denmark.
Former World No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg
Former world No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg

Country in Northern Europe.

- Sweden

398 related topics with Alpha



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The peace stone in Brömsebro is not a runestone even if it looks like one. The stone was made in 1915 to commemorate the peace between Denmark and Sweden and the text is written with Latin letters. The text on the stone says "Memory of the peace in Brömsebro – Gaspard Coignet de La Thuilerie – Axel Oxenstierna – Corfitz Ulfeldt". The three named persons were the negotiators. Thuilerie was an ambassador from France, Oxenstierna represented Sweden and Ulfeldt represented Denmark.

Halland is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap), on the western coast of Götaland, southern Sweden.

Øresund, showing its northern and southern boundaries


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Øresund, showing its northern and southern boundaries
Denmark (Zealand) seen from the Swedish (Scania) side of Øresund
Øresund Bridge from the air in September 2015
Kronborg castle is situated on the extreme northeastern tip of the island of Zealand at the narrowest point of the Øresund
Northern Øresund
Øresund Strait from Malmö
Øresund Bridge, Øresund

Øresund or Öresund (, ; Øresund ; Öresund ), commonly known in English as the Sound, is a strait which forms the Danish–Swedish border, separating Zealand (Denmark) from Scania (Sweden).

A Viking Age depiction from the Tjängvide image stone, on Gotland.


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A Viking Age depiction from the Tjängvide image stone, on Gotland.
Runestone raised in memory of Gunnarr by Tóki the Viking.
The Stora Hammars I image stone, showing the saga of Hildr, under what may be the rite of blood eagle, and on the bottom a Viking ship.
Europe in 814. Roslagen is located along the coast of the northern tip of the pink area marked "Swedes and Goths".
Sea-faring Norsemen depicted invading England. Illuminated illustration from the 12th century Miscellany on the Life of St. Edmund (Pierpont Morgan Library)
Viking expeditions (blue line): depicting the immense breadth of their voyages through most of Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Northern Africa, Asia Minor, the Arctic, and North America. Lower Normandy, depicted as a ″Viking territory in 911″, was not part of the lands granted by the king of the Franks to Rollo in 911, but Upper Normandy.
Guests from Overseas (1901) by Nicholas Roerich, depicting a Varangian raid
Viking-era towns of Scandinavia
Curmsun Disc – obverse, Jomsborg, 980s
One of the few surviving manuscript leaves from the Heimskringla Sagas, written by Snorri Sturluson c. 1230. The leaf tells of King Ólafur.
Piraeus Lion drawing of curved lindworm. The runes on the lion tell of Swedish warriors, most likely Varangians, mercenaries in the service of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Emperor.
A large reconstructed chieftains longhouse at Lofotr Viking Museum, Norway
Reconstructed town houses from Haithabu (now in Germany)
Typical jewellery worn by women of the Karls and Jarls: ornamented silver brooches, coloured glass-beads and amulets
Reconstructed Vikings costume on display at Archaeological Museum in Stavanger, Norway
Pot of soapstone, partly reconstructed, Viking Age (From Birka, Sweden)
Everyday life in the Viking Age
Rook, Lewis chessmen, at the National Museum of Scotland
The scales and weights of a Viking trader, used for measuring silver and sometimes gold (From the Sigtuna box found in Sweden)
Mjölnir, hammer of Thor, made of amber (Found in Sweden)
Exploration and expansion routes of Norsemen
A modern reenactment of a Viking battle
Viking long ships besieging Paris in 845, 19th century portrayal
Magnus Barelegs Viking Festival
Modern "Viking" helmets

Vikings is the modern name given to seafaring people originally from Scandinavia (present-day Denmark, Norway, and Sweden)

Union between Sweden and Norway

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Sweden–Norway in 1904
Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, Crown Prince of Sweden in 1810 and Norway in 1814, and King of Sweden and Norway in 1818. Portrait by Joseph Nicolas Jouy, after François-Joseph Kinson
King Charles XIII (Charles II in Norway)
Christian Frederik, hereditary prince of Denmark and Norway, King of Norway May–October 1814, and King of Denmark (as Christian VIII) 1839–48. Portrait by Johan Ludwig Lund 1813
Count Johan Caspar Herman Wedel-Jarlsberg, who warned Christian Frederik
Oscar Wergeland: The Norwegian Constitutional Assembly in 1814
Christian Magnus Falsen, at 32, was credited as being the constitution's father.
Swedish Crown Prince Charles John (Bernadotte), who staunchly opposed Norwegian independence, only to offer generous terms of a union
Map of Norway and Sweden in 1847, by Peter Andreas Munch
King Charles XIV John (Charles III John in Norway). Portrait by Fredric Westin
Poster promoting Scandinavism between Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
King Oscar II
Swedish and Norwegian flags in 1899, after the removal of the union badge from the merchant flag of Norway
The peace monument of Karlstad was erected on the city square in 1955, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the dissolution of the union.
Norwegian soldiers at the border in September 1905. Photo by Narve Skarpmoen
State flag of Sweden (pre-1814–1815)
Flag of Norway (1814–1821)
Flag of Sweden and Norway (1818–1844)
State flag and naval ensign of Sweden and Norway (1815–1844)
Union naval jack and diplomatic flag (1844–1905)
Flag of Sweden (1844–1905)
Flag of Norway (1821–1844)
Flag of Norway (1844–1899)
Flag of Norway (1899–present)
State flag and naval ensign of Sweden (1844–1905)
Naval ensign of Norway (1844–1905) and state flag (1844–1899)
State flag of Norway (1899–present)
Royal standard in Sweden (1844–1905)
Royal standard in Norway (1844–1905)
Royal Swedish coat of arms (1814–1844)
Union and royal coat of arms (1844–1905)

Sweden and Norway or Sweden–Norway (Svensk-norska unionen; Den svensk-norske union(en)), officially the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, and known as the United Kingdoms, was a personal union of the separate kingdoms of Sweden and Norway under a common monarch and common foreign policy that lasted from 1814 until its peaceful dissolution in 1905.

Swedish Social Democratic Party

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Hjalmar Branting, the first elected SAP Prime Minister in 1920
Prime Minister Tage Erlander at a TV debate in 1967
Alexis Bjorkman
Social Democratic leader and Prime Minister Olof Palme in the 1970s
Logo of the party between 1967 and 1987
Göran Persson, a prolific Social Democratic leader, holding the office of Prime Minister for ten years

The Swedish Social Democratic Party, officially the Social Democratic Labor Party of Sweden (Sveriges Socialdemokratiska Arbetareparti ; S/SAP), usually referred to as The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterna ), is a social-democratic political party in Sweden founded in 1889; the SAP is the country's oldest and currently largest party.


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An image from a canyon in the forested Småland.
Camping site in Småland
A backstuga in småland (ca 1900)
Traditional Windsor chairs are manufactured in great numbers in Småland.
Ingatorp Old Church, Småland, Sweden, ca. 1895
Farmhouses in Småland are typically red with white corners.
The small lands of Småland. The black and red spots indicate runestones. The red spots indicate runestones telling of long voyages.
A Smålandströvare (Smaland hound)
HSwMS Småland, J19

Småland is a historical province (landskap) in southern Sweden.


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View from Älvsborg Bridge
Satellite picture of Gothenburg
The Gothenburg Botanical Garden
The German Church in central Gothenburg.
The Poseidon Statue at Götaplatsen, a well-known cultural symbol and landmark
Liseberg amusement park
The Haga district
Discussion by Nanna Ullman (1957) in front of the Swedish Exhibition and Congress Centre
Entrance to the Way Out West Festival
Fireworks at the opening ceremony of Gothia Cup
Boats at Saltholmen in the Gothenburg archipelago
SKF Wingquist self-aligning bearing
Gothenburg's trams
Platforms at Gothenburg bus station.
Gothenburg harbour seen from the Älvsborg bridge, seen to the left is the ship HSS Stena Carisma and to the right MS Stena Scandinavica (1983).
Kal and Ada at Liseberg

Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg ) is the second-largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries, and capital of the Västra Götaland County.


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One of three lands of Sweden and comprises ten provinces.

One of three lands of Sweden and comprises ten provinces.

Map of Götaland, the areas of the Geats, which politically merged with the Swedes to form Sweden. Note that Värmland, north of Dalsland and Västergötland, also was a part of Götaland originally, while the large island of Gotland was not. Expansions in dark gray outside the border, including Gotland.
Historical coat of arms of Götaland.
Map indicating that the areas of the Geats originally included Värmland as well.
Kalmar Castle - View from the North-Eastern side
Gothia, Sweden, in 1635 (yellow outline), bordering Danish Scanian lands to the south and southwest (red outline), and Norway to the west (green outline). Note the inclusion of Värmland.
Map of Sweden's three historical lands, the former Swedish province Österland in Finland, and the former historical land of Denmark (Skåneland) in southern Sweden. In the map, the lands has their most recent borders.
Götaland with the Swedish acquisitions of 1645 and 1658 in darker green: Gotland, Blekinge, Halland, and Skåne from Denmark, and Bohuslän from Norway (then under Danish rule).

The modern state of Sweden started forming when some provinces of Götaland gradually became more and more politically intertwined with those of Svealand.

Hanseatic League

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Medieval commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Central and Northern Europe.

Medieval commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Central and Northern Europe.

The Hanseatic League was a powerful economic and defensive alliance that left a great cultural and architectural heritage. It is especially renowned for its Brick Gothic monuments, such as Stralsund's St. Nikolai Church and its City Hall, shown here. UNESCO lists the old town of Stralsund, together with Wismar, as a World Heritage Site.
Foundation of the alliance between Lübeck and Hamburg
Main trading routes of the Hanseatic League
Town Hall of Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia)
Stargard Mill Gate, Pomerania, today in Poland
Georg Giese from Danzig, 34-year-old German Hanseatic merchant at the Steelyard, painted in London by Hans Holbein
View of the in the port city of Gdańsk (Danzig), today in Poland
Hanseatic museum in Bergen, Norway
Heinrich Sudermann
Modern, faithful painting of the Adler von Lübeck – the world's largest ship in its time
Hanseatic Seal of Elbing (now Elbląg)
Hanseatic Seal of Stralsund
Map of the Hanseatic League, showing principal Hanseatic cities
The Oostershuis, a kontor in Antwerp
The Hanseatic Warehouse in King's Lynn is the only surviving League building in England
Europe in 1097
Europe in 1430
Europe in 1470
Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539)

The Hanseatic League fully restored its power in Gustav Vasa's Sweden and Frederick I's Denmark, 1523 after the war.

Danish language

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North Germanic language spoken by about six million people, principally in Denmark, as well as Greenland (about 10% of the population speak Danish as their first language owing to immigration), the Faroe Islands, and the northern German region of Southern Schleswig, where it has minority language status.

North Germanic language spoken by about six million people, principally in Denmark, as well as Greenland (about 10% of the population speak Danish as their first language owing to immigration), the Faroe Islands, and the northern German region of Southern Schleswig, where it has minority language status.

Danish label reading militærpoliti, "military police", on a police vehicle
Language shift in the 19th century in southern Schleswig
Learn Danish banner in Flensburg, Germany, where it is an officially recognized regional language
Map of Danish dialects
A map showing the distribution of stød in Danish dialects: Dialects in the pink areas have stød, as in standard Danish, while those in the green ones have tones, as in Swedish and Norwegian. Dialects in the blue areas have (like Icelandic, German, and English) neither stød nor tones.
The distribution of one, two, and three grammatical genders in Danish dialects. In Zealand, the transition from three to two genders has happened fairly recently. West of the red line, the definite article goes before the word as in English or German; east of the line it takes the form of a suffix.
Danish keyboard with keys for Æ, Ø, and Å

Minor Danish-speaking communities are also found in Norway, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina.