A report on Swimfin

Full foot fins
By 1974, modern-looking swimfins in regular use in landlocked, “second-world” Hungary.
1959 Soviet postage stamp with image of finned recreational diver in tribute to DOSAAF sport organisation.
Swim fin sole showing compliance with German standard DIN 7876:1980
An assortment of fins in a diving shop. Fins on the right are full foot and those in the middle are open heel.
Monofin and pair of freediving bifins
An open-heel vented paddle Jetfin
Underwater divers using paddle fins
Fin design intended to reduce fatigue
Swimfins designed for swim training.
Swimfins designed for bodyboarding or bodysurfing.
Swim fin strap attachment with simple rubber strap and wire buckle
Swim fin strap attachment with swivelling plastic buckle and clip
Aftermarket stainless steel spring fin strap attached with long D-shackles for security
Open heel fin with stainless steel spring strap with rubber padding
Fin with bungee strap
Figures 1-3: Fin grips before and after fitting.
Figures 4-7: How fin grips are fitted on full-foot swimming fins.
Two pairs of early fin grips: Beuchat Fixe-Palmes and Mares Fissapinne
Underwater hockey fins with yellow and red pairs of fin grips.
A fin grip positioned to secure a full-foot swimming fin on the foot.

Swimfins, swim fins, diving fins, or flippers are finlike accessories worn on the feet, legs or hands and made from rubber, plastic, carbon fiber or combinations of these materials, to aid movement through the water in water sports activities such as swimming, bodyboarding, bodysurfing, float-tube fishing, kneeboarding, riverboarding, scuba diving, snorkeling, spearfishing, underwater hockey, underwater rugby and various other types of underwater diving.

- Swimfin
Full foot fins

28 related topics with Alpha

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A snorkeler amid corals on a coral reef near Fiji

Snorkeling

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A snorkeler amid corals on a coral reef near Fiji
Adult's snorkel
Child's snorkel
Basic snorkel shapes
Snorkel attachment methods
Snorkel mouthpieces
Decathlon Easybreath snorkel mask
Typical snorkeling equipment: snorkel, diving mask and swimfins
Typical weight belt
Snorkeler with mask and snorkel
Snorkel vest
Snorkelers observing fish in Cozumel, Mexico

Snorkeling (British and Commonwealth English spelling: snorkelling) is the practice of swimming on or through a body of water while equipped with a diving mask, a shaped breathing tube called a snorkel, and usually swimfins.

Recreational scuba diver

Scuba diving

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Mode of underwater diving whereby divers use breathing equipment that is completely independent of a surface air supply.

Mode of underwater diving whereby divers use breathing equipment that is completely independent of a surface air supply.

Recreational scuba diver
The undersea kelp forest of Ana Capa off of the coast of Oxnard, California
Diver looking at a shipwreck in the Caribbean Sea.
The Rouquayrol-Denayrouze apparatus was the first regulator to be mass-produced (from 1865 to 1965). In this picture the air reservoir presents its surface-supplied configuration.
Henry Fleuss (1851–1932) improved the rebreather technology.
Sidemount diver pushing a cylinder in front
Rebreather diver returning from a 600 ft dive
Diver wearing a dry suit in a lake in Finland where the water is cold
Recreational diver putting on his scuba set before diving
Aqualung Legend second stage (demand valve) regulator
Aqualung first stage regulator
Gekko dive computer with attached pressure gauge and compass
Suunto submersible pressure gauge display
An Inspiration electronic fully closed circuit rebreather
A cylinder decal to indicate that the contents are a Nitrox mixture
Nitrox cylinder marked up for use showing maximum safe operating depth (MOD)
Diver under the Salt Pier in Bonaire
A diver wearing an Ocean Reef full face mask
"Shorty" style wetsuit
Scientific divers wearing dry suits
A scuba dive computer
The "Diver Down" flag, flown from a dive boat, warns surface watercraft when divers are in the water. See Diver down flag.
Two divers giving the sign that they are "OK"
Shooting underwater video on scuba
Diver taking photos of a shark
Scuba diving in a cave
Divers touring a World War II shipwreck
US Navy SEAL divers train in 2019
Scuba diving education levels as used by ISO, PADI, CMAS, SSI and NAUI
Basic diving skills training in a swimming pool
Class IV scientific divers assembling a structure during a training exercise

A scuba diver primarily moves underwater by using fins attached to the feet, but external propulsion can be provided by a diver propulsion vehicle, or a sled pulled from the surface.

Freediver with monofin, ascending

Freediving

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Form of underwater diving that relies on breath-holding until resurfacing rather than the use of breathing apparatus such as scuba gear.

Form of underwater diving that relies on breath-holding until resurfacing rather than the use of breathing apparatus such as scuba gear.

Freediver with monofin, ascending
Natural sponges have been harvested by freedivers near the Greek island of Kalymnos since at least the time of Plato.
A member of the Japanese team is thrown up in the air by other members under the water during the team's free routine at the 2013 French Open.
Two players compete for the puck in underwater hockey
US Navy Students playing underwater football
Monofin freediver
Herbert Nitsch, World Record Holder Freediver
Recreational freediving in Dahab

As with both of those games, it is played in a swimming pool with snorkeling equipment (mask, snorkel, and fins).

Surface-supplied divers riding a stage to the underwater workplace

Underwater diving

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Practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment.

Practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment.

Surface-supplied divers riding a stage to the underwater workplace
Mild barotrauma to a diver caused by mask squeeze
Views through a flat mask, above and below water
Recreational breath-hold divers in basic equipment with floats and catch bags suitable for collecting lobster or shellfish
John Scott Haldane, 1902
Ice diving
A technical diver using a closed circuit rebreather with open circuit bailout cylinders returns from a 600 ft dive.
The Blue Hole in Dahab, Egypt, a world-renowned recreational dive site
Commercial diver training in a quarry
Military and commercial divers are trained in the procedures for use of a recompression chamber to treat diving disorders.
Solo diver managing risk of breathing gas supply failure by carrying a bailout cylinder (slung at the diver's left side)
A diver at work on hull maintenance

A scuba diver moves underwater primarily by using fins attached to the feet; external propulsion can be provided by a diver propulsion vehicle, or a towboard pulled from the surface.

Two players competing for the puck at GB Student Nationals, Bangor in 2009.

Underwater hockey

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Globally played limited-contact sport in which two teams compete to manoeuvre a puck across the bottom of a swimming pool into the opposing team's goal by propelling it with a hockey stick (or pusher).

Globally played limited-contact sport in which two teams compete to manoeuvre a puck across the bottom of a swimming pool into the opposing team's goal by propelling it with a hockey stick (or pusher).

Two players competing for the puck at GB Student Nationals, Bangor in 2009.
Typical dimensions of an underwater hockey pool
Going for strike
Worlds Competition Grade Equipment
Technisub Ala underwater hockey fins with fin grips
A fin grip positioned to secure a full-foot fin on the foot
Stick design constraints
Underwater Hockey puck pushed by stick
Octopush contest seen from the surface, at Crystal Palace Pool, London

fins 5.

Spearfisher Monument in Croatia

Spearfishing

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Method of fishing that involves impaling the fish with a straight pointed object such as a spear, gig or harpoon.

Method of fishing that involves impaling the fish with a straight pointed object such as a spear, gig or harpoon.

Spearfisher Monument in Croatia
Fisherman with a spear in a wall painting from the tomb of Usheret in Thebes, 18 Dynasty, around 1430 BC
A Hawaiian spearfisher (1909).
Head of an arrow used for fishing, from Guyana.
Spearfisherman hunting Yellowfin tuna in the Ryukyu Islands
A common carp shot with a band-powered speargun by a diver using snorkelling gear, Minnesota, US
Freshwater pike catch in Finland
Night spear fishing, Amazon basin, Peru
Menominees spearfishing salmon at night by torchlight and canoe on Fox River
A Hupa man with his spear
Inuit hunter with harpoon in kayak, Hudson Bay, circa 1908-1914
Office of the Hellenic Federation of Underwater Activity & Sport Fishing
Poseidon/Neptune sculpture in Copenhagen Port
Mosaic, 4th century BC, showing a retiarius or "net fighter", with a trident and cast net, fighting a secutor.
Dutch fishermen using tridents in the 17th century

This led to development of the modern diving mask, fins and snorkel.

Surface supplied commercial diving equipment on display at a trade show

Diving equipment

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Equipment used by underwater divers to make diving activities possible, easier, safer and/or more comfortable.

Equipment used by underwater divers to make diving activities possible, easier, safer and/or more comfortable.

Surface supplied commercial diving equipment on display at a trade show
Personal locator beacon for divers - sealed for immersion
Personal locator beacon for divers - open showing coiled antenna
Vinyl toolbag with bolt snaps for securing to harness
Norwegian diving pioneer Odd Henrik Johnsen with underwater camera (1960's)
Surface supplied diver rescue tether with soft eye and bolt snap
Diver of the Black Sea Fleet in diving equipment SVU-5
International diving flag
Informal Recreational diving flag
DIN 7876 swim fin footspace length and width measurements.
GOST 20568 compliant Russian and Ukrainian diving masks.
A range of 1970s snorkels made to British Standard BS 4532
A US Navy diver at work. The umbilical supplying air from the surface is clearly visible
Diver in standard diving dress entering the water at Stoney Cove, England
Scuba diver with single cylinder and open circuit regulator
Free-diver with monofin, ascending
The Newtsuit is an atmospheric diving suit which has fully articulated rotary joints in the arms and legs.
Early twin cylinder set with twin hose regulator
Twin scuba cylinders with isolation manifold
Charging a small bailout cylinder from a larger aluminium scuba cylinder
Scuba regulator: First stage with primary and secondary demand valves, submersible pressure gauge and low pressure hose for BC inflation.
Technical diver with back mounted open circuit scuba and sling mounted decompression cylinders
Diving with a closed circuit rebreather
Russian made IDA-71 rebreather set
Heavy standard diving helmet, lightweight demand helmet and band mask
Diver wearing lightweight demand helmet
Full wet suit
Dry suits
Short and full length wet suits
Wet suit boots
Neoprene diving gloves
Chain mail shark suit
Shark proof cage
Atmospheric diving suit
Jacket buoyancy compensator
Diver propulsion vehicle (scooter)
Weight belt
Swim fins
A depth gauge and submersible pressure gauge
Submersible pressure gauge
A surface supply panel for four divers showing four pneumofathometer gauges
A watch sized dive computer incorporating an electronic compass and the ability to display cylinder pressure when used with an optional transmitter
Dive computer showing the log of a previous dive
Nav finder and underwater compass - basic underwater navigation tools.
Diving compass in aftermarket wrist mount with bungee straps
Dive computers in compass mode
50 metres of line on a reel
alt=Line arrow marker|Line arrow marker
A miniature submersible pressure gauge (mini SPG) used on pony cylinders
A diving half mask provides clear sight and protection for the eyes.
A full face mask covers the eyes, nose and mouth.
One piece LED dive light with soft Goodman type handle
A "canister" style dive light
Front view of jacket style diver harness with removable weight pockets
scuba diver's net cutter. 7 inches long
Underwater Kinetics general purpose dive knife
Trilobite line cutter with sheath on diving harness
Trauma shears
DiverGuard automatically inflates the buoyancy compensator if the diver stops breathing.
Spool with line and double-ender clip
Dive reel with stored DSMB
A stainless steel line holder with a 20-metre line
Surface supply air panels. On the left for two divers, on the right for three divers
A hard-wired diver communications unit mounted in a waterproof box for convenience of transport and protection.
Personnel Transfer Capsule - a dry bell
Christmas tree style diver's boarding ladder

Fins for efficient propulsion

A swimmer performing the front crawl

Swimming

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Self-propulsion of a person through water, or other liquid, usually for recreation, sport, exercise, or survival.

Self-propulsion of a person through water, or other liquid, usually for recreation, sport, exercise, or survival.

A swimmer performing the front crawl
Competitive open water swimming race
Swimmers perform squats prior to entering the pool in a U.S. military base, 2011
Timurid conqueror Babur's troops swim across a river.
Children's bathing beach, Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois, United States, 1905
Chuck Sketch, a former U.S. Marine and a Wounded Warrior with the veteran swim team, swims laps during a practice session at the 2012 Marine Corps Trials at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California, February 14, 2012. Wounded Warriors, veterans, and allies competed in the second annual trials, which included swimming.
Start of the 4 × 100 meters men's relay during the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.
A sign warns hikers on the trail to Hanakapiai Beach.
Man smiling to camera while ice swimming at a summer cottage in Finland.
A Styrofoam flotation aid being used.
Different cultures have different standards for swimsuits. In Muslim communities, women may choose to wear Hijab modified swimsuits, sometimes called burkini.

In addition to this, a variety of equipment can be used to enhance the swimming experience or performance, including, but not limited to the use of swimming goggles, floatation devices, swim fins, and snorkels.

A SEAL Delivery Team member climbs aboard a delivery vehicle before launching from the back of the submarine USS Philadelphia.

Frogman

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Someone who is trained in scuba diving or swimming underwater in a tactical capacity that includes military, and in some European countries, police work.

Someone who is trained in scuba diving or swimming underwater in a tactical capacity that includes military, and in some European countries, police work.

A SEAL Delivery Team member climbs aboard a delivery vehicle before launching from the back of the submarine USS Philadelphia.
A 1945 British navy frogman with complete gear, including the Davis apparatus, a rebreather originally conceived in 1910 by Robert Davis as an emergency submarine escape set.
A French frogman with chest counterlung loop rebreather with two breathing tubes (model "Oxygers", 1957).
Italian World War II frogman of "Gruppo Gamma"
Royal Navy divers in Sladen suits during World War II
USMC 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion refreshing in combatant diving with the Draeger LAR V rebreather.
Mannequin wearing Finnish Navy combat diver equipment. The chest rebreather is likely a Viper S-10.
The "maiale" or "siluro a lenta corsa": first underwater transport way used by Italian frogmen in World War II
Diver lock for frogmen on a type XXI U-boat.
A Navy diver and special operator from SEAL Delivery Team (SDV) 2 perform SDV operations with the nuclear-powered guided-missile submarine USS Florida
US Navy SDV MK IX Swimmer Delivery Vehicle. Non-watertight submersible held two scuba-equipped swimmers.
A SEAL Delivery Vehicle (SDV) is loaded aboard the Los Angeles-class fast attack submarine USS Dallas (SSN-700). A Dry Deck Shelter (DDS) is attached to the submarine's forward escape trunk to provide a dry environment for Navy Seals to prepare for special warfare exercises or operations. DDS is the primary supporting craft for the SDV
A member of SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team Two prepares to launch one of the team's SEAL Delivery Vehicles from the back of the USS Philadelphia on a training exercise. The SDVs are used to carry Navy SEALs from a submerged submarine to enemy targets while staying underwater and undetected.
Navy divers and special operators attached to SEAL Delivery Team 2, perform SDV operations with the USS Florida

For this new way of underwater diving, the Italian frogmen trained in La Spezia, Liguria, using the newly available Genoese free diving spearfishing equipment; diving mask, snorkel, swimfins, and rubber dry suit, the first specially made diving watch (the luminescent Panerai), and the new A.R.O. scuba unit.

A freediver using a monofin

Monofin

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A freediver using a monofin
Herbert Nitsch wearing a monofin at the Cyprus BIOS 2004 Freediving Open Classic
Monofin made in 1969 by Franco Pavone in Bologna
Monofin
All-rubber monofin for pool workouts with other swimmers present and for younger swimmers with growing feet

A monofin is a type of swimfin typically used in underwater sports such as finswimming, free-diving and underwater orienteering.