A report on Vaud and Swiss Plateau

Satellite image of the Swiss Plateau between the Jura and the Alps
Logo of the canton of Vaud
View from the Pilatus on the Swiss Plateau near Luzern
Roman column in Nyon
The Napf region in the higher Swiss Plateau
Bailiwicks of Bern in Vaud in the 18th century
The Swiss Plateau near Muri (AG)
Built by the Bishop of Lausanne during the 15th century, Château Saint-Maire has been the seat of the cantonal government since 1803
Central Swiss Plateau near Sursee
Vevey, Lake Geneva, and the Swiss Alps
View from the Rigi on the sea of fog covering the Swiss Plateau
Vallée de Joux, Jura
Much of the eastern part of the plateau has become part of the "Greater Zurich Area".
Montreux and Lake Geneva
The densely populated Swiss Plateau: view of Zurich from Waidberg
The room of the Grand Council of Vaud, the parliament of the canton of Vaud
Lavaux and Lake Geneva
Districts of canton of Vaud
Nuclear power plant (Leibstadt)
Lausanne, capital and largest city in Vaud
The Rhine Falls
Lavaux vineyards above Lake Geneva

The geography of the canton includes all three natural regions of Switzerland: the Jura Mountains, the Swiss Plateau and the (Swiss) Alps.

- Vaud

Entirely situated within the Swiss Plateau are the cantons of Zurich, Thurgau and Geneva; mostly situated within the Swiss Plateau are the cantons of Lucerne, Aargau, Solothurn, Bern, Fribourg and Vaud; small portions of the Swiss Plateau are situated in the cantons of Neuchâtel, Zug, Schwyz, St. Gallen and Schaffhausen.

- Swiss Plateau

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Overall

Switzerland

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Landlocked country located at the confluence of Western, Central and Southern Europe.

Landlocked country located at the confluence of Western, Central and Southern Europe.

Founded in 44 BC by Lucius Munatius Plancus, Augusta Raurica (near Basel) was the first Roman settlement on the Rhine and is now among the most important archaeological sites in Switzerland.
The Old Swiss Confederacy from 1291 (dark green) to the sixteenth century (light green) and its associates (blue). In the other colours shown are the subject territories.
The 1291 Bundesbrief (federal charter)
The Act of Mediation was Napoleon's attempt at a compromise between the Ancien Régime and a Republic.
The first Federal Palace in Bern (1857). One of the three cantons presiding over the Tagsatzung (former legislative and executive council), Bern was chosen as the permanent seat of federal legislative and executive institutions in 1848, in part because of its closeness to the French-speaking area.
Inauguration in 1882 of the Gotthard Rail Tunnel connecting the southern canton of Ticino, the longest in the world at the time
General Ulrich Wille, appointed commander-in-chief of the Swiss Army for the duration of World War I
In 2003, by granting the Swiss People's Party a second seat in the governing cabinet, the Parliament altered the coalition that had dominated Swiss politics since 1959.
Physical map of Switzerland (in German)
Köppen–Geiger climate classification map for Switzerland
The Swiss Federal Council in 2022 with President Ignazio Cassis (bottom) standing on an abstract, reduced railway lines map and positioned at their respective political origins
The Federal Palace, seat of the Federal Assembly and the Federal Council
The Landsgemeinde is an old form of direct democracy, still in practice in two cantons.
The colour-reversed Swiss flag became the symbol of the Red Cross Movement, founded in 1863 by Henry Dunant.
A Swiss Air Force F/A-18 Hornet at Axalp Air Show
Swiss-built Mowag Eagles of the Land Forces
The Old City of Bern
A proportional representation of Switzerland exports, 2019
The city of Basel (Roche Tower) is the capital of the country's pharmaceutical industry, which accounts for around 38% of Swiss exports worldwide.
The Greater Zürich area, home to 1.5 million inhabitants and 150,000 companies, is one of the most important economic centres in the world.
The University of Basel is Switzerland's oldest university (1460).
Some Swiss scientists who played a key role in their discipline (clockwise):
Leonhard Euler (mathematics)
Louis Agassiz (glaciology)
Auguste Piccard (aeronautics)
Albert Einstein (physics)
The LHC tunnel. CERN is the world's largest laboratory and also the birthplace of the World Wide Web.
Members of the European Free Trade Association (green) participate in the European Single Market and are part of the Schengen Area.
Switzerland has the tallest dams in Europe, among which the Mauvoisin Dam, in the Alps. Hydroelectricity is the most important domestic source of energy in the country.
Entrance of the new Lötschberg Base Tunnel, the third-longest railway tunnel in the world, under the old Lötschberg railway line. It was the first completed tunnel of the greater project NRLA.
Population density in Switzerland (2019)
Percentage of foreigners in Switzerland (2019)
Urbanisation in the Rhone Valley (outskirts of Sion)
Alphorn concert in Vals
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was not only a writer but also an influential philosopher of the eighteenth century.
Ski area over the glaciers of Saas-Fee
Roger Federer has won 20 Grand Slam singles titles, making him among the most successful men's tennis players ever.
Fondue is melted cheese, into which bread is dipped
National languages in Switzerland (2016): 
German (62.8%)
French (22.9%)
Italian (8.2%)
Romansh (0.5%)

It is geographically divided among the Swiss Plateau, the Alps and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41285 km2 and land area of 39997 km2.

Swiss wine is produced mainly in Valais, Vaud (Lavaux), Geneva and Ticino, with a small majority of white wines.

Canton of Bern

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One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

Helveto-Roman settlement Bern-Engehalbinsel
Baths at Engehalbinsel near Bern
Burgundian and Allamanni lands between 534 and 843
Lands held by the main noble families around 1200
The Swiss Confederacy before the Battle of Sempach (1387)
The Swiss Confederacy in 1416
The Swiss Confederacy in the 18th century
The districts of the Bernese Aargau before the creation of the Canton of Aargau
Districts of the Canton of Bern in the 18th Century
Map of the modern Canton of Vaud, which was annexed by Bern from 1536 until 1798
Siege and execution of the garrison at Grandson
The Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1801
View from the Chasseral across the Mittelland to the Bernese Alps
Staubbachfall
Wetterhorn, painting by Joseph Anton Koch, 1824
The Grand Council, the cantonal parliament
Districts of the canton of Bern
Capital city of Bern with the Aare, Gothic Nydeggkirche on left
Emmentaler cheese

To the west lie the canton of Neuchâtel, the canton of Fribourg and canton of Vaud.

The geography of the canton includes a large share of all three natural regions of Switzerland: the Jura Mountains (the Bernese Jura), the Swiss Plateau (the Bernese Mittelland) and the Alps (the Bernese Oberland).

Satellite image of Switzerland in October 2002. On the north side of the Alps, the regions located above 2000m are covered by snow. The canton of Ticino (on the south side) is almost snow-free in early autumn.

Swiss Alps

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Satellite image of Switzerland in October 2002. On the north side of the Alps, the regions located above 2000m are covered by snow. The canton of Ticino (on the south side) is almost snow-free in early autumn.
Swiss Alps seen from the Swiss Jura in December 2010
Map of the western Swiss Alps
Map of the eastern Swiss Alps
Rhine Gorge in Graubünden
The Lac des Dix in Valais
Lauterbrunnen Valley in the Bernese Alps, a deep U-shaped valley that resulted from erosion by glaciers
Tree line in the national park
Liskamm (4,527 m), above the Gorner Glacier
Glacier 3000
Highest ski area in Europe above Zermatt
Due to strong political will by the citizenry, Zermatt remains car-free and retains much of its original character
The Glacier Express on the Landwasser Viaduct, Albula Range
Lötschberg railway line
The Alps are featured on the Swiss fifty-franc banknote since 2016.

The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps (Schweizer Alpen, Alpes suisses, Alpi svizzere, Alps svizras), represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions.

The Alpine cantons (from highest to lowest) are Valais, Bern, Graubünden, Uri, Glarus, Ticino, St. Gallen, Vaud, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Schwyz, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Fribourg, Lucerne and Zug.

Canton of Fribourg

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Located in western Switzerland.

Located in western Switzerland.

Fribourg Prealps: Dent de Brenleire (2358 m, to the right) and Vanil Noir (2389 m, in the background)
Districts of canton Fribourg
Transports publics Fribourgeois bus station in Fribourg

The canton is bounded to the west by Lake Neuchâtel, to the west and the south by the canton of Vaud, and to the east by the canton of Bern.

The canton lies on the elevated Swiss Plateau.

Topographical map (relief map) of Switzerland showing the Jura range proper (Faltenjura) in the northwest and west, and the Alps in the south and east

Jura Mountains

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The Jura Mountains (, , , ; Massif du Jura; Juragebirge; Massiccio del Giura, Montagnas da Jura) are a sub-alpine mountain range a short distance north of the Western Alps and mainly demarcate a long part of the French–Swiss border.

The Jura Mountains (, , , ; Massif du Jura; Juragebirge; Massiccio del Giura, Montagnas da Jura) are a sub-alpine mountain range a short distance north of the Western Alps and mainly demarcate a long part of the French–Swiss border.

Topographical map (relief map) of Switzerland showing the Jura range proper (Faltenjura) in the northwest and west, and the Alps in the south and east
Creux du Van

The Swiss Jura is one of the three distinct geographical regions of Switzerland, the others being the Swiss plateau and the Swiss Alps.

In Switzerland, the Jura Mountains extend over an area covering (from northeast to southwest) the cantons of Zurich, Aargau, Basel-Landschaft, Solothurn, Jura, Bern (i.e., Bernese Jura), Neuchâtel, Vaud, and Geneva.

Construction of the Untertorbrücke (Lower Gate Bridge) in Bern, Tschachtlanchronik, late 15th century

Bern

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De facto capital of Switzerland, referred to as the "federal city" .

De facto capital of Switzerland, referred to as the "federal city" .

Construction of the Untertorbrücke (Lower Gate Bridge) in Bern, Tschachtlanchronik, late 15th century
Bern in 1638
The Old City of Bern with the Minster and its platform above the lower Matte quarter and the Aare
The Aare flows in a wide loop around the Old City of Bern.
View of Bern from the ISS. The Old City is in the lower right-hand side.
Aerial view by Walter Mittelholzer (1919)
Erlacherhof
Rathaus
Apartment blocks at Bern-Bethlehem
Houses in the Old City of Bern
The central building of the Federal Palace of Switzerland
The Ogre of the Kindlifresserbrunnen has a sack of children waiting to be devoured.
The Zytglogge clock tower and the city's medieval covered shopping promenades (Lauben)
Zentrum Paul Klee
Stadttheater
Gurtenfestival, 2003
Stade de Suisse Wankdorf
Main building of the University of Bern
Tram station on the Bahnhofplatz, with the Heiliggeistkirche in the background
J J Grynaeus
Statue of Adrian von Bubenberg
Anna Feodorovna, early 1800s
Albrecht von Haller, 1736
Albert Einstein, 1921
Johann Rudolf Wyss
Daniel Albert Wyttenbach
Lukas Hartmann, 1985
Niklaus Manuel, 1530
Mani Matter, 1970
Patricia Kopatchinskaja, 2012
Otto Hess, c.1906
Jenni Oehrli, 2013
Tram on the Kirchenfeldbrücke, with the Bern Minster and Casino Bern in the background

It is notably surrounded by the Aare, a major river of the Swiss Plateau.

Bern invaded and conquered Aargau in 1415 and Vaud in 1536, as well as other smaller territories, thereby becoming the largest city-state north of the Alps; by the 18th century, it comprised most of what is today the canton of Bern and the canton of Vaud.

Logo of the city of Lausanne

Lausanne

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Logo of the city of Lausanne
Saint-François Square, c. 1840
Aerial view from 250 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1919)
The agglomeration of Lausanne, Lake Geneva and the Alps.
The Charles-Bessières bridge with Lausanne Metro car. In the background the cathedral of Notre-Dame and the old town.
View from Rue du Grand-Pont
Stairs (escaliers du marché) in the old city.
The Protestant Cathedral of Notre Dame dominates the Lausanne skyline (left: Old Academy, right: Palais de Rumine).
The Lausanne Metro is a rubber tyre metro system
The Lausanne Tram is completely on reserved track, single line, even underground
Public transport network
Aerial view of Lausanne (railway station in the centre and Parc de Milan at the bottom).
The École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (photo) and the University of Lausanne form a large campus near the lake Geneva.
In addition to the Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne, the Palais de Rumine hosts several museums.
The seat of the International Olympic Committee in Lausanne
Jean-Pascal Delamuraz
Johann Ludwig Burckhardt
Auguste Piccard, 1932
Albert Chavannes, 1903
Capucine, 1962
Lady Elizabeth Butler (née Thompson)
Rachel Kolly d'Alba, 2009
Princess Ubol Ratana, 2010
Coco Chanel, 1928
Pierre de Coubertin, 1925
Bertrand Piccard, 2015
Ludovic Magnin, 2006
Spring
Summer
Autumn
Winter
The Casino de Montbenon
Lausanne Cathedral
University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV)
Château Saint-Maire
Swiss Reformed Church of Saint-François
Swiss Reformed Church of Saint-Laurent
Fondation de l'Hermitage
Lausanne railway station
Hôtel Beau-Rivage Palace
Administrative building of the Vaudoise Assurances
Musée de l'Élysée
Olympic Museum and Archives of the International Olympic Committee
Ouchy waterfront
Synagogue
The Sauvabelin Tower
Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman

Lausanne is the capital and largest city of the Swiss french speaking canton of Vaud.

Lausanne is built on the southern slope of the Swiss plateau, with a difference in elevation of about 500 m between the lakeshore at Ouchy and its northern edge bordering Le Mont-sur-Lausanne and Épalinges.