Switzerland

Swiss🇨🇭SWISUICHSwiss ConfederationSwiss Albums ChartCHESwiss-bornSuisse
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe.wikipedia
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France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.
It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Swiss Alps

AlpsalpineSwiss
Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41285 km2 (land area 39997 km2).
The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps (Schweizer Alpen, Alpes suisses, Alpi svizzere, Alps svizras), represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions.

Austria

🇦🇹AUTAustrian
The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.
It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.

ZĂĽrich

Zurichcity of ZĂĽrichZĂĽrich, Switzerland
While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres ZĂĽrich and Geneva.
ZĂĽrich or Zurich (see below for other names ) is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of ZĂĽrich.

Geneva

Geneva, SwitzerlandGenèveGinevra
While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres ZĂĽrich and Geneva.
Geneva (Genève ; Genèva ; Genf ; Ginevra ; Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.

Liechtenstein

🇱🇮LIEPrincipality of Liechtenstein
The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.
Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland to the west and south and Austria to the east and north.

The Old Swiss Confederacy

Swiss ConfederationSwiss ConfederacySwiss
The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the late medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria and Burgundy. The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, one of the Waldstätten cantons which formed the nucleus of the Old Swiss Confederacy.
It is the precursor of the modern state of Switzerland.

Romansh language

RomanshRomanschRhaeto-Romance
Spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Due to its linguistic diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names: Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian); and Svizra or (Romansh).
(also spelled Romansch, Rumantsch, or Romanche; Romansh:, rumĂ ntsch, or ) is a Romance language spoken predominantly in the southeastern Swiss canton of Grisons (GraubĂĽnden), where it has official status alongside German and Italian.

Swiss people

SwissSwiss-GermanSwiss German
Although the majority of the population are German-speaking, Swiss national identity is rooted in a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy, and Alpine symbolism.
The Swiss (die Schweizer, les Suisses, gli Svizzeri, ils Svizzers) are the citizens of Switzerland, or people of Swiss ancestry.

German language

GermanGerman-languageGerman-speaking
Due to its linguistic diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names: Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian); and Svizra or (Romansh).
It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein.

European Free Trade Association

EFTA3 EFTA member statesDelegation for relations with Switzerland, Norway and Iceland
On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association, but notably not part of the European Union, the European Economic Area or the Eurozone.
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is a regional trade organization and free trade area consisting of four European states: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.

Alps

Alpinethe AlpsAlpine region
Although the majority of the population are German-speaking, Swiss national identity is rooted in a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy, and Alpine symbolism.
The Alps ( Alpes ; Alpen ; Alpi ; Alps; Alpe ) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, separating Southern from Central and Western Europe and stretching approximately 1,200 km across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia.

Italian language

ItalianitItalian-language
Due to its linguistic diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names: Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian); and Svizra or (Romansh).
Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia).

Central Europe

CentralCentral Europeanmiddle Europe
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe.
On 21 January 1904, Mitteleuropäischer Wirtschaftsverein (Central European Economic Association) was established in Berlin with economic integration of Germany and Austria–Hungary (with eventual extension to Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands) as its main aim.

Canton of Schwyz

SchwyzSZassociated territory
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, one of the Waldstätten cantons which formed the nucleus of the Old Swiss Confederacy.
The canton of Schwyz (Kanton Schwyz ) is a canton in central Switzerland between the Alps in the south, Lake Lucerne to the west and Lake ZĂĽrich in the north, centered on and named after the town of Schwyz.

European Single Market

internal marketsingle marketfree movement of goods
However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties.
The market encompasses the EU's 28 member states, and has been extended, with exceptions, to Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the Agreement on the European Economic Area and to Switzerland through bilateral treaties.

Schwyz

municipality of Schwyztown of Schwyz
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, one of the Waldstätten cantons which formed the nucleus of the Old Swiss Confederacy.
The town of Schwyz (Schwytz; Svitto) is the capital of the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.

Data codes for Switzerland

Comparison of ISO, FIPS, and NUTS codes of the cantons of SwitzerlandCH and CHECHE
The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica (Helvetic Confederation).
These are data codes for Switzerland.

Postage stamps and postal history of Switzerland

cantonal stampsPostage stampBaslestamps
On coins and stamps, the Latin name – frequently shortened to "Helvetia" – is used instead of the four national languages.
This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Switzerland.

Switzerland as a federal state

federal stateSwiss federal statemodern Switzerland
The Latin name Confoederatio Helvetica was neologized and introduced gradually after the formation of the federal state in 1848, harking back to the Napoleonic Helvetic Republic, appearing on coins from 1879, inscribed on the Federal Palace in 1902 and after 1948 used in the official seal.
The rise of Switzerland as a federal state began on 12 September 1848, with the creation of a federal constitution in response to a 27-day civil war in Switzerland, the Sonderbundskrieg. The constitution, which was heavily influenced by the United States Constitution and the ideas of the French Revolution, was modified several times during the following decades and wholly replaced in 1999.

Helvetia

HelveticHelvetic ConfederacyHelvetii
On coins and stamps, the Latin name – frequently shortened to "Helvetia" – is used instead of the four national languages.
Helvetia is the female national personification of Switzerland, officially Confœderatio Helvetica, the Swiss Confederation.

United Nations Office at Geneva

GenevaUnited Nations in GenevaUnited Nations
In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to numerous international organisations, including the second largest UN office.
It is located in the Palais des Nations building constructed for the League of Nations between 1929 and 1938 at Geneva in Switzerland, and expanded in the early 1950s and late 1960s.

Swiss Plateau

MittellandAlpine foothillsCentral Plateau
Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41285 km2 (land area 39997 km2). Helvetica is derived from the Helvetii, a Gaulish tribe living on the Swiss plateau before the Roman era.
The Swiss Plateau or Central Plateau (Schweizer Mittelland; plateau suisse; altopiano svizzero) is one of the three major landscapes in Switzerland, lying between the Jura Mountains and the Swiss Alps.

Switzerland in the Roman era

Roman eraRomanRomans
Helvetica is derived from the Helvetii, a Gaulish tribe living on the Swiss plateau before the Roman era.
The territory of modern Switzerland was a part of the Roman Republic and Empire for a period of about six centuries, beginning with the step-by-step conquest of the area by Roman armies from the 2nd century BC and ending with the decline of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD.