Sydney

The Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge, two of Sydney's most famous landmarks, photographed at dusk
Top to bottom, left to right: Sydney Opera House and Harbour Bridge; Queen Victoria Building; University of Sydney; Bondi Beach; Stadium Australia; skyline of the CBD
Charcoal drawing of kangaroos in Heathcote National Park
The Founding of Australia, 26 January 1788, by Captain Arthur Phillip R.N., Sydney Cove. Painting by Algernon Talmage.
Thomas Watling's View of Sydney Cove, c. 1794–1796
The Castle Hill convict rebellion of 1804
Aerial illustration of Sydney, 1888
A tramcar on George Street in 1920. Sydney once had one of the largest tram networks in the British Empire.
Sydney Harbour Bridge opening day, 19 March 1932
Sydney hosted the 2000 Summer Olympics.
Sydney lies on a submergent coastline where the ocean level has risen to flood deep rias.
Almost all of the exposed rocks around Sydney are Sydney sandstone.
Typical grassy woodland in the Sydney area
A summer thunderstorm over the inner-city taken from Potts Point, 1991
Satellite photo of the Sydney area at night. Wollongong can be seen at bottom left, while Gosford and the Central Coast are visible at the far right.
An inner-city street. Pictured: Paddington.
Newtown is one of the most complete Victorian and Edwardian era commercial precincts in Australia.
Vaucluse, Bondi and other surrounding suburbs
Kurnell, La Perouse, and Cronulla, along with various other suburbs, face Botany Bay.
Chatswood is a major commercial district.
A typical suburban street in Northern Sydney. Pictured: Lindfield.
An aerial view of Greater Western Sydney; as well as being mostly suburban in nature, western Sydney is also made up of various industrial precincts and business parks.
Parramatta (visible in the background) is a major commercial hub and centre for Greater Western Sydney.
St Andrew's Cathedral; an example of early Neo-Gothic architecture
General Post Office
Frank Gehry's Dr Chau Chak Wing Building
Terraces in Kirribilli
The Centennial Parklands is the largest park in the City of Sydney, comprising 189 ha.
The Anzac War Memorial in Hyde Park is a public memorial dedicated to the achievement of the Australian Imperial Force of World War I.
The central business district. Sydney is the financial and economic centre of Australia, having the largest economy and contributing a quarter of Australia's total GDP.
Pitt Street, a major street in the CBD, runs from Circular Quay in the north to Waterloo in the south, and is home to many large high-end retailers.
State Savings Bank
Bondi Beach
Chinese New Year celebrations in Chinatown. Sydney is home to the nation's largest population of Chinese Australians.
Lebanese flags at the 2008 World Youth Day in Sydney. Sydney is also home to the nation's largest population of Lebanese Australians.
St Mary's Cathedral is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney.
The Art Gallery of New South Wales, located in The Domain, is the fourth largest public gallery in Australia.
The Australian Museum is the oldest museum in Australia.
The State Theatre on Market Street was opened in 1929.
A concert at the Sydney Opera House
Australia's national broadcaster, the ABC, is headquartered in Ultimo.
Sailing on Sydney Harbour
Sydney Olympic Park was built for the 2000 Olympics and has become a major sporting and recreational precinct.
The Supreme Court of New South Wales was one of three of the earliest established courts in Australia.
Parliament House holds the Government of New South Wales and is the oldest public building in Australia.
Sydney's local government areas
The University of Sydney
St John's College is the oldest Roman Catholic college in Australia.
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
Light Horse Interchange, the largest of its kind in Australia
The CBD and South East Light Rail connects Sydney's CBD with the South Eastern suburbs.
Central station is a major hub for various forms of public transport.
George Street, blanketed by smoke from the bushfires in December 2019
Warragamba Dam is Sydney's largest water supply dam.
Stadium Australia
Sydney Cricket Ground
Western Sydney Stadium
Allianz Stadium (being redeveloped)
Almost all of the exposed rocks around Sydney are Sydney sandstone.
Various eastern suburbs line Sydney's coastline. Pictured: Tamarama, Bronte
Darling Harbour is a major entertainment and tourism precinct
The University of New South Wales
The Northern Beaches Hospital

Capital city of the state of New South Wales, and the most populous city in both Australia and Oceania.

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Macarthur, New South Wales

Hills of the Razorback Range located in between Camden and Picton.
Camden Park House built by the Macarthurs.
Eschol Park House
Campbelltown Arts Centre
The Campbelltown Sports Stadium is located in Leumeah.

Macarthur is a region in the south-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.

Royal National Park

A view of the Era beaches on the Royal National Park Coast Track, looking south from Thelma Head
The majority of the park's coastline is dominated by tall cliffs, forming unique features such as Wedding Cake Rock (pictured), facading vast heathland.
Many species of Eucalyptus, such as the Eucalyptus luehmanniana, thrive in the Royal National Park.
The "Forest Island", a section of forest in the park's south mostly flanked by the Hacking River. In raised valley floors such as these, many more species of flora thrive than in other environments of the park.
Couranga Track view of Waterfall Creek, one of many that run throughout the park
A tributary of the Hacking River, beside Lady Carrington Drive
The National Falls, the namesake of the nearby suburb of Waterfall, as it appeared in December 2010
Wattamolla, a lagoon and beach complex popular among visitors of the Royal National Park during summer
The "Eagle Head" rock formation on the Coast Track, as viewed in November 2016
Many waterholes such as this one are found in the many creeks throughout the park.
Werrong Beach, Royal National Park, New South Wales.

The Royal National Park is a protected national park that is located in Sutherland Shire in the Australian state of New South Wales, just south of Sydney.

Botany Bay

Aerial photo of Sydney showing Botany Bay in the foreground. 
The two protrusions into the bay are runways of Sydney Airport.
Aerial photo of Sydney showing Botany Bay in the foreground. 
The two protrusions into the bay are runways of Sydney Airport.
Botany Bay, 1788 watercolour by Charles Gore
Monument at La Perouse
The mouth of Botany Bay as it meets the Tasman Sea, as viewed from the air, above Kurnell
The mouth of Botany Bay from the air
Botany Bay, view from Kurnell
Black-eyed Sue and Sweet Poll of Plymouth, England, mourning their lovers who are soon to be transported to Botany Bay, 1792
Bicentennial Monument at Brighton-Le-Sands
Sydney Airport runway near Botany Bay beach
Sydney CBD skyline viewed from Botany Bay

Botany Bay (Aboriginal: Kamay ), an open oceanic embayment, is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 13 km south of the Sydney central business district.

History of Australia (1788–1850)

Lieutenant James Cook's landing at Botany Bay on 29 April 1770
Captain James Cook proclaiming sovereignty over Australia from the shore of Possession Island in 1770
The continent of Australia (then known as New Holland) in a 1796 map, which was incorporated within Asia or the "Eastern world"
First raising of the Union Flag following the arrival of the First Fleet, and the proclamation of the Colony of New South Wales by Captain Arthur Phillip at Sydney Cove on 7 February 1788
Arrival of the First Fleet in Port Jackson in 1788
Founding of the settlement of Port Jackson at Botany Bay in 1788
Sydney in 1792
Frigate The Guardian, of the Second Fleet, striking on the rocks of ice, 1790
Map of Australia and New Zealand 1788–1911
The Castle Hill convict rebellion of 1804
Parramatta in 1812
Sydney Cove, from Dawes Point about 1818
Australian colonies in 1846
''The proclamation of government in South Australia, 1836
Matthew Flinders led the first successful circumnavigation of Australia by colonisers in 1801–2.
Flinders prepares to circumnavigate Terra Australis, 1802
Acting Lieutenant Charles Robbins raises the Union Jack under the watch of the French at King Island, 1802
Mounted police engaging Aboriginal men during the Slaughterhouse Creek Massacre of 1838
Captains Hunter, Collins and Johnston with Governor Phillip and Surgeon White visiting a distressed Aboriginal woman at a hut near Port Jackson, 1793
The Rum Rebellion of 1808
Captain Arthur Phillip, RN, served as the first Governor of New South Wales
Opening of Australia's first elected Parliament in Sydney, 1843
The Mellish entering Sydney Harbour. It was one of the ships that imported resources from India, playing a vital role in establishing Sydney.
St James' Church, Sydney, about 1836. It was designed by Francis Greenway and still stands.
A steeple-chase at Five Dock, 1844. Equestrianism was one of the first organised sports in the country
Watkin Tench, captain-lieutenant of the Royal Marines on the First Fleet, author of seminal works of Australian literature
Robert Hawker Dowling, a notable early artist famed for his paintings of Aboriginal people, 1860
The house and garden, in Mills Plains, Van Diemen's Land, of prominent early Australian artist John Glover

The history of Australia from 1788 to 1850 covers the early British colonial period of Australia's history, starting with the arrival in 1788 of the First Fleet of British ships at Port Jackson, leading to the establishment of the penal colony of Sydney as part of the British Empire.

Convicts in Australia

Between 1788 and 1868, about 162,000 convicts were transported from Britain and Ireland to various penal colonies in Australia.

Convicts in Sydney, 1793, by Juan Ravenet
William Hogarth's Gin Lane, 1751.
Prison hulks in the River Thames, England
The First Fleet arrives in Botany Bay, 21 January 1788, by William Bradley (1802).
The Costumes of the Australasians: watercolour by Edward Charles Close shows the co-existence of convicts, their military gaolers, and free settlers.
"Views in New South Wales and Van Diemens Land" - Earle Augustus (1830)
Norfolk Island military barracks.
Penitentiary at the Port Arthur convict settlement, Tasmania
Macquarie Harbour Penal Station, depicted by convict artist William Buelow Gould, 1833
William Buckley's transportation and escape to live with the Wathaurong in 1803, as depicted by 19th-century Aboriginal artist Tommy McRae.
Fremantle Prison gatehouse. The prison was built using convict labour in the 1850s.
Painting of the 1804 Castle Hill convict rebellion
Fenian convicts escape from Fremantle in the 1876 Catalpa rescue.
Hyde Park Barracks, designed by convict Francis Greenway and constructed by convicts in the 1810s, is one of eleven World Heritage-listed Australian Convict Sites.
George Barrington
Billy Blue
Jørgen Jørgensen
Moondyne Joe
John Boyle O'Reilly

Seeking to pre-empt the French colonial empire from expanding into the region, Britain chose Australia as the site of a penal colony, and in 1787, the First Fleet of eleven convict ships set sail for Botany Bay, arriving on 20 January 1788 to found Sydney, New South Wales, the first European settlement on the continent.

Australia

Sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

Aboriginal rock art in the Kimberley region of Western Australia
Landing of James Cook at Botany Bay on 29 April 1770 to claim Australia's eastern half for Great Britain
Tasmania's Port Arthur penal settlement is one of eleven UNESCO World Heritage-listed Australian Convict Sites
The Big Picture, a painting by Tom Roberts, depicts the opening of the first Australian Parliament in 1901
The 1942 Bombing of Darwin, the first of over 100 Japanese air raids on Australia during World War II
Postwar migrants from Europe arriving in Australia in 1954
Topographic map of Australia. Dark green represents the lowest elevation and dark brown the highest
Heron Island, a coral cay in the southern Great Barrier Reef
Uluru in the semi-arid region of Central Australia
Basic geological regions of Australia, by age.
Köppen climate types of Australia.
The koala and the eucalyptus form an iconic Australian pair.
Parliament House, Canberra
A map of Australia's states and territories
Diplomatic missions of Australia
HMAS Canberra, a Canberra class landing helicopter dock, and HMAS Arunta, an Anzac-class frigate, sailing in formation
Australian energy resources and major export ports map
The Boddington Gold Mine in Western Australia is the nation's largest open cut mine.
Australia has one of the world's most highly urbanised populations with the majority living in metropolitan cities on the coast, such as Gold Coast, Queensland.
Australian residents by country of birth, 2016 census
Five Australian universities rank in the top 50 of the QS World University Rankings, including the Australian National University (19th).
The Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne was the first building in Australia to be listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.
Sidney Nolan's Snake mural (1970), held at the Museum of Old and New Art in Hobart, Tasmania, is inspired by the Aboriginal creation myth of the Rainbow Serpent, as well as desert flowers in bloom after a drought.
Actor playing the bushranger Ned Kelly in The Story of the Kelly Gang (1906), the world's first feature-length narrative film
The meringue-based pavlova is generally eaten at Christmas time.
The Melbourne Cricket Ground is strongly associated with the history and development of cricket and Australian rules football, Australia's two most popular spectator sports.

Canberra is the nation's capital, while the five largest cities are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Arthur Phillip

British Royal Navy officer who served as the first governor of the Colony of New South Wales.

Captain Arthur Phillip, 1786, by Francis Wheatley
HMS Buckingham, Phillip's first posting after joining the Navy in 1755. Vessel pictured on the stocks at Deptford Dockyard, c. 1751. Painting by John Cleveley the Elder. National Maritime Museum, London.
The landing of the First Fleet in Port Jackson in 1788
The Founding of Australia By Capt. Arthur Phillip R.N., Sydney Cove, Jan. 1788. Painting by Algernon Talmage, 1937.
Statue of Arthur Phillip in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney
The Australia Chapel in St Nicholas Church, Bathampton, near Bath, England. The memorial to the first governor of New South Wales, Arthur Phillip, is on the right hand wall
Admiral Arthur Phillip monument bust in the City of London

On arriving at Botany Bay, Phillip found the site unsuitable and searched for a more habitable site for a settlement, which he found in Port Jackson – the site of Sydney, Australia, today.

University of Sydney

Coat of arms
The University of Sydney as viewed from Parramatta Road in the early 1870s
The Sydney University Regiment forming a guard of honour for the visit of the Duke of York (later George VI) to the university in 1927
Charles Perkins Centre
The Main Campus
The Great Hall
The Quadrangle
The MacLaurin Hall
Sports fields along Physics Road
Library of the Sydney Law School
The interior of the Chau Chak Wing Museum
The University of Sydney consistently ranks as one of the top universities in Australia
The Madsen Building (former headquarters of CSIRO)
Arms used in the University of Sydney logo, pre-2010
Welcome Week
The School of Physics
Sydney College of the Arts
Sydney Pharmacy School
Sydney Conservatorium of Music
Sydney Medical School
Molonglo Observatory

The University of Sydney (USYD, or informally Sydney Uni) is a public research university located in Sydney, Australia.

2000 Summer Olympics

Emblem of the 2000 Summer Olympics
The 2000 Summer Olympics Opening Ceremony at Stadium Australia, on 15 September 2000.
Gold medallist Nancy Johnson (centre) of the U.S., raises her hands with silver medallist Cho-Hyun Kang (left), of South Korea, and bronze winner Gao Jing (right), of China, during the first medal ceremony of the 2000 Olympic Games.
Cathy Freeman after the 400-metre final
Olympic colours on the Sydney Harbour Bridge.
Participating countries
Number of athletes
Olympic Stadium
Sydney Olympic Park Aquatic Centre
State Hockey Centre
Dunc Gray Velodrome
SOCOG organisational structure circa 1998 – five groups and 33 divisions reporting to the CEO are organised primarily along functional lines with only a limited number of divisions (e.g. Interstate Football and Villages) anticipating a venue focussed design.
SOCOG organisational structure circa 1999 – functional divisions and precinct/venue streams are organised in a matrix structure linked to the Main Operations Centre (MOC). Some functions such as Project Management (in the Games Coordination group) continue to exist largely outside this matrix structure.

The 2000 Summer Olympics (officially the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and also known as Sydney 2000, the Millennium Olympic Games or the Games of the New Millennium) were an international multi-sport event held from 15 September to 1 October 2000 in Sydney, Australia.

Sydney Opera House

View from the west
The main Concert Hall during a performance
The Bennelong Restaurant, located at the southernmost sail
Bennelong Point with tram depot in the 1920s (top left-hand side of photograph), during the building of Sydney Harbour Bridge (foreground)
Utzon's initial sketches in 1957
Sydney Opera House shell ribs
The glazed ceramic tiles of the Sydney Opera House
The shells of the Opera House at night, viewed from the south
The foyer of the Joan Sutherland Theatre, showing the internal structure and steel framing of the glass curtain walls; the final constructions were modified from Utzon's original designs
The foyer of the Concert Hall
The building illuminated at night
The Opera House seen from the north
The Opera House, backed by the Sydney Harbour Bridge, from the eastern Botanic Gardens
The Opera House viewed from the south
Tourists on the steps of the Opera House
The Utzon Room: rebuilt under Utzon in 2000 with his tapestry, Homage to Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
The Sydney Opera House during Vivid Sydney (2019).
Podium structure complete, 1962
Shells structure, circa 1965
circa 1965
Tiles complete, circa 1968
The Concert Hall and organ
View from the stage of the Concert Hall.
View from the stage of the Joan Sutherland Theatre.
Interior of the Studio Theatre.

The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney.