Symptom

symptomsnon-specific symptomssymptomaticnon-specific symptomnegative symptomsnonspecific symptomssymptomatologynonspecific symptomnegative symptomasymptomatic
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is apparent to a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.wikipedia
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Disease

morbidityillnessdiseases
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is apparent to a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
Diseases are often known to be medical conditions that are associated with specific symptoms and signs.

Medical sign

signsclinical signsign
In contrast to a symptom, a sign is a clue to a disease elicited by an examiner or a doctor.
A symptom is something only the person experiencing it can directly observe (e.g. only the patient can detect a particular sensation such as skin tingling).

Pathognomonic

Characteristicdefinite histological proof of such infectiondiagnostic
In other cases they are specific even to the point of being pathognomonic.
Labelling a sign or symptom "pathognomonic" represents a marked intensification of a "diagnostic" sign or symptom.

Remission (medicine)

remissionremissionscomplete remission
Symptoms may be briefly acute or a more prolonged but acute or chronic, relapsing or remitting.
Remission is either the reduction or disappearance of the signs and symptoms of a disease.

Subclinical infection

subclinicalasymptomaticasymptomatically
Asymptomatic conditions also exist (e.g. subclinical infections and silent diseases like sometimes, high blood pressure).
A subclinical infection (sometimes called a preinfection) is an infection that, being subclinical, is nearly or completely asymptomatic (no signs or symptoms).

Asymptomatic

subclinicalsub-clinicalno symptoms
Asymptomatic conditions also exist (e.g. subclinical infections and silent diseases like sometimes, high blood pressure).
In medicine, a disease is considered asymptomatic if a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.

Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
According to DSM-IV, a mental disorder is a psychological syndrome or pattern which is associated with distress (e.g. via a painful symptom), disability (impairment in one or more important areas of functioning), increased risk of death, or causes a significant loss of autonomy; however it excludes normal responses such as grief from loss of a loved one, and also excludes deviant behavior for political, religious, or societal reasons not arising from a dysfunction in the individual.

Schizophrenia

schizophrenicschizophrenicspositive symptoms
Schizophrenia is often described in terms of positive and negative (or deficit) symptoms.

Nausea

nauseousnauseatedvomiting
For example, a sudden loss of sight in one eye has a significantly smaller number of possible causes than nausea does.
Nausea is a non-specific symptom, which means that it has many possible causes.

Medical history

medical historianhistorycase history
There is a correlation between this difference and the difference between the medical history and the physical examination.
The medically relevant complaints reported by the patient or others familiar with the patient are referred to as symptoms, in contrast with clinical signs, which are ascertained by direct examination on the part of medical personnel.

Anhedonia

anhedonicinability to experience pleasurelack of deriving enjoyment
The conditions of akinetic mutism and negative symptoms are closely related.

Strain (injury)

strainmuscle strainstrains
For example, inflammation of the gallbladder often gives rise to pain in the right shoulder, which may understandably lead the patient to attribute the pain to a non-abdominal cause such as muscle strain.
Typical signs and symptoms of a strain include pain, functional loss of the involved structure, muscle weakness, contusion, and localized inflammation.

List of medical symptoms

Medical symptoms are complaints which indicate disease.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Symptomatology (also called semiology) is a branch of medicine dealing with symptoms.
After examination for signs and interviewing for symptoms, the doctor may order medical tests (e.g. blood tests), take a biopsy, or prescribe pharmaceutical drugs or other therapies.

Symptomatic treatment

Supportive caresymptomaticsupportive
Symptomatic treatment is any medical therapy of a disease that only affects its symptoms, not its cause, i.e., its etiology.

Sinthome

According to Lacan, sinthome is the Latin way (1495 Rabelais, IV,63 ) of spelling the Greek origin of the French word symptôme, meaning symptom.

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is apparent to a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.

Patient

outpatientinpatientpatients
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is apparent to a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.

Paresthesia

paraesthesiatinglingparesthesias
For example, paresthesia is a symptom (only the person experiencing it can directly observe their own tingling feeling), whereas erythema is a sign (anyone can confirm that the skin is redder than usual).

Erythema

erythematousrednessred
For example, paresthesia is a symptom (only the person experiencing it can directly observe their own tingling feeling), whereas erythema is a sign (anyone can confirm that the skin is redder than usual).

Sensitivity and specificity

sensitivityspecificitysensitive
Symptoms and signs are often nonspecific, but often combinations of them are at least suggestive of certain diagnoses, helping to narrow down what may be wrong.

Human body

bodyhuman anatomyhuman physiology
The term is sometimes also applied to physiological states outside the context of disease, as for example when referring to "symptoms of pregnancy".

Pathophysiology

pathophysiologicalpathophysiologicpathophysiologist
The term is sometimes also applied to physiological states outside the context of disease, as for example when referring to "symptoms of pregnancy".

Pregnancy

pregnantfirst trimesterpregnant women
The term is sometimes also applied to physiological states outside the context of disease, as for example when referring to "symptoms of pregnancy".

Chronic condition

chronicchronic diseasechronic diseases
Symptoms may be briefly acute or a more prolonged but acute or chronic, relapsing or remitting.