A report on Syngman Rhee

Official portrait, 1948
Rhee in 1905 dressed to meet Theodore Roosevelt
Rhee and Vice President of the Korean Provisional Government Kim Kyu-sik in 1919
Rhee and American general Douglas MacArthur at the ceremony inaugurating the government of the Republic of Korea
Ceremony inaugurating the government of the Republic of Korea (15 August 1948)
Rhee with President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek in 1949
Prisoners lie on the ground before execution by South Korean troops near Daejon, South Korea, July 1950. Photo by U.S. Army Maj. Abbott.
South Korean soldiers walk among bodies of South Korean political prisoners shot near Daejon, South Korea, July 1950. Photo by U.S. Army Major Abbott.
Rhee awarding a medal to U.S. Navy Rear Admiral Ralph A. Ofstie during the Korean War in 1952
Rhee and his wife posing with Army Corps of Engineers personnel in 1950 at the Han River Bridge
Rhee on Time magazine cover, 1953
Rhee depicted on a 1959-issued 100 hwan coin

South Korean politician who served as the first president of South Korea from 1948 to 1960.

- Syngman Rhee
Official portrait, 1948

45 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Clockwise from top:A column of the U.S. 1st Marine Division's infantry and armor moves through Chinese lines during their breakout from the Chosin Reservoir

UN landing at Incheon harbor, starting point of the Battle of Incheon

Korean refugees in front of a U.S. M46 Patton tank

U.S. Marines, led by First Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez, landing at Incheon

F-86 Sabre fighter aircraft

Korean War

10 links

Fought between North Korea and South Korea from 1950 to 1953.

Fought between North Korea and South Korea from 1950 to 1953.

Clockwise from top:A column of the U.S. 1st Marine Division's infantry and armor moves through Chinese lines during their breakout from the Chosin Reservoir

UN landing at Incheon harbor, starting point of the Battle of Incheon

Korean refugees in front of a U.S. M46 Patton tank

U.S. Marines, led by First Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez, landing at Incheon

F-86 Sabre fighter aircraft
Territory often changed hands early in the war, until the front stabilized.
Hundreds of thousands of South Koreans fled south in mid-1950 after the North Korean army invaded.
A U.S. howitzer position near the Kum River, 15 July
Man of the Year, the American soldier on Time magazine cover, 1951
G.I. comforting a grieving infantryman
M24 Chaffee light tanks of the US Army's 25th Infantry Division wait for an assault of North Korean T-34-85 tanks at Masan
Crew of an M-24 tank along the Nakdong River front, August 1950
Pershing and Sherman tanks of the 73rd Heavy Tank Battalion at the Pusan Docks, Korea.
General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC (seated), observes the naval shelling of Incheon from USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7), 15 September 1950
Combat in the streets of Seoul
Pershing tanks in downtown Seoul during the Second Battle of Seoul in September 1950. In the foreground, United Nations troops round up North Korean prisoners-of-war.
US Air Force attacking railroads south of Wonsan on the eastern coast of North Korea
Chinese forces cross the frozen Yalu River.
Three commanders of PVA during the Korean War. From left to right: Chen Geng (1952), Peng Dehuai (1950–1952) and Deng Hua (1952–1953)
Soldiers from the US 2nd Infantry Division in action near the Ch'ongch'on River, 20 November 1950
A column of the US 1st Marine Division move through Chinese lines during their breakout from the Chosin Reservoir.
Map of the UN retreat in the wake of Chinese intervention
B-26 Invaders bomb logistics depots in Wonsan, North Korea, 1951
US Marines move out over rugged mountain terrain while closing with North Korean forces.
British UN troops advance alongside a Centurion tank, March 1951
US M46 Patton tanks, painted with tiger heads thought to demoralize Chinese forces
New Zealand artillery crew in action, 1952
Men from the Royal Australian Regiment, June 1953
Delegates sign the Korean Armistice Agreement in P'anmunjŏm.
A U.S. Army officer confers with South Korean soldiers at Observation Post (OP) Ouellette, viewing northward, in April 2008
The DMZ as seen from the north, 2005
Korean War memorials are found in every UN Command Korean War participant country; this one is in Pretoria, South Africa.
A soldier of the Dutch detachment of the UN forces in North Korea prepares to return sniper fire, 1952
To disrupt North Korean communications, USS Missouri (BB-63) fires a salvo from its 16-inch guns at shore targets near Chongjin, North Korea, 21 October 1950
A B-29 Superfortress bomber dropping its bombs
A US Navy Sikorsky HO4S flying near USS Sicily (CVE-118)
Pyongyang in May 1951
A USAF Douglas B-26B Invader of the 452nd Bombardment Wing bombing a target in North Korea, 29 May 1951
Mark 4 bomb, seen on display, transferred to the 9th Bombardment Wing, Heavy
South Korean soldiers walk among the bodies of political prisoners executed near Daejon, July 1950
Civilians killed during a night battle near Yongsan, August 1950
A US Marine guards North Korean prisoners of war aboard an American warship in 1951.
Two Hill 303 survivors after being rescued by US units, 17 August 1950
Bob Hope entertained X Corps in Korea on 26 October 1950.
The Korean Peninsula at night, shown in a 2012 composite photograph from NASA
North Koreans touring the Museum of American War Atrocities in 2009

A socialist state, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, was established in the north under the totalitarian communist leadership of Kim Il-sung while a capitalist state, the Republic of Korea, was established in the south under the authoritarian, autocratic leadership of Syngman Rhee.

Protesters during the April Revolution

April Revolution

8 links

Protesters during the April Revolution
Syngman Rhee had served as the first President of South Korea since July 24, 1948, three weeks before its founding on August 15, 1948.
First post-revolution trial began July 5 in South Korea for thirty former high officials of the Rhee regime on charges of corruption, maladministration, and election rigging, etc.

The April Revolution (4.19 혁명), also called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, were mass protests in South Korea against President Syngman Rhee and the First Republic from April 11 to 26, 1960 which led to Rhee's resignation.

South Korea

12 links

Country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea.

Country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea.

The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, also known as Koryŏ, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
Changdeok Palace, one of the Five Grand Palaces built during the Joseon Dynasty and another UNESCO World Heritage Site
The War Memorial of Korea, built in remembrance of the Korean War (1950–1953)
Between 1962 and 1994, the South Korean economy grew at an average of 10% annually, fueled by annual export growth of 20%, in a period called the Miracle on the Han River.
President Park Chung-hee played a pivotal role in rapidly developing South Korea's economy through export-oriented industrialization.
President Kim Dae-jung, the 2000 Nobel Peace Prize recipient for advancing democracy and human rights in South Korea and East Asia and for reconciliation with North Korea, was sometimes called the "Nelson Mandela of Asia."
South Korea became the first non-G7 chair of the G-20 when it hosted the 2010 Seoul summit.
Topography of South Korea
Jeju Island is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cheonggyecheon river is a modern public recreation space in downtown Seoul.
Separation of powers and the election system of South Korea
The National Assembly of South Korea
Population pyramid of South Korea in 2021
Koreans in traditional dress
Seoul National University is considered to be the most prestigious university in South Korea.
KAIST main campus in Daejeon
Dialects of the Korean language
Buddha's Birthday celebration in Seoul
Development of life expectancy in North Korea and South Korea
Former Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007–2016), Ban Ki-moon
The Joint Security Area
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in shake hands inside the Peace House
South Korean president Moon Jae-in meets with Russian president Vladimir Putin
Liancourt Rocks have become an issue known as the Liancourt Rocks dispute.
President Moon Jae-in and U.S. President Joe Biden having lunch on 21 May 2021, on the Oval Office Patio of the White House
ROKN Sejong the Great, a King Sejong the Great -class guided-missile destroyer built by Hyundai Heavy Industries
The South Korean-developed K2 Black Panther, built by Hyundai Rotem
ROKAF FA-50, a supersonic combat aircraft developed by Korea Aerospace Industries
ROKS Dokdo, the lead ship of the, built by Hanjin Heavy Industries
Haeundae Beach in Busan
A 3D OLED TV made by Korean LG Display, the world's largest LCD and OLED maker
Naro-1 at the launch pad
Albert HUBO, developed by KAIST, can make expressive gestures with its five separate fingers.
A musician playing a gayageum
A blue and white porcelain peach-shaped water dropper from the Joseon Dynasty in the 18th century
Namdaemun
Bulguksa, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Bibimbap
BTS, one of the most successful K-pop groups
Psy became an international sensation with "Gangnam Style" in 2012.
Seoul Sports Complex, Korea's largest integrated sports center
Sajik Baseball Stadium in Busan. Baseball is one of the most popular sports in South Korea.
Taekwondo, a Korean martial art and Olympic sport

In the South, Syngman Rhee, an opponent of communism, who had been backed and appointed by the United States as head of the provisional government, won the first presidential elections of the newly declared Republic of Korea in May.

Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea

6 links

Partially recognized Korean government-in-exile based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chongqing, during the period of Japanese colonial rule in Korea.

Partially recognized Korean government-in-exile based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chongqing, during the period of Japanese colonial rule in Korea.

Map of the Korean Peninsula showing the government's territorial claims, controlled and occupied by Japan until 1945
The Shinhan Youth Party submitted to "Thirteen Demands" in the Paris Peace Conference
Map of the Korean Peninsula showing the government's territorial claims, controlled and occupied by Japan until 1945
Prince Imperial Uihwa
Provisional charter of the Republic of Korea
Kim Kyu-sik (1890s)
Kim Gu
No. 50, Ruijin No. 2 Road, Huangpu District, Shanghai, the birthplace of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
Photo memorializing the establishment of the Provisional Government, 1919
Site of the Provisional Government in Shanghai
Site of the Provisional Government in Hangzhou
Provisional Government in Liuzhou
Museum of the Provisional Government in Chongqing
Taegeukgi in the Provisional Government headquarters in Shanghai
Office of Kim Gu in the Provisional Government headquarters in Shanghai
Declaration of war against the Axis powers by the Provisional Government
Migration map of the Provisional Government

Syngman Rhee, who was the first president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, became the first President of the Republic of Korea in 1948.

First Republic of Korea

6 links

The government of South Korea from August 1948 to April 1960.

The government of South Korea from August 1948 to April 1960.

Establishment of the first republic

Syngman Rhee became the first president of South Korea following the May 1948 general election, and the National Assembly in Seoul promulgated South Korea's first constitution in July, establishing a presidential system of government.

Korean independence movement

7 links

Military and diplomatic campaign to achieve the independence of Korea from Japan.

Military and diplomatic campaign to achieve the independence of Korea from Japan.

Although Chiang and Korean leaders like Syngman Rhee tried to influence the U.S. State Department to support Korean independence and recognize the KPG, the Far Eastern Division was skeptical.

Second Republic of Korea

4 links

The government of South Korea from April 1960 to May 1961.

The government of South Korea from April 1960 to May 1961.

Proclamation of the Second Republic of Korea. From right: Chang Myon (Prime Minister), Yun Bo-seon (President), Paek Nak-chun (President of the House of Councillors) and Kwak Sang-hoon (President of the Chamber of Deputies)

The second republic was founded during the April Revolution mass protests against President Syngman Rhee, succeeding the first republic and establishing a parliamentary government under President Yun Bo-seon and Prime Minister Chang Myon.

United States Army Military Government in Korea

6 links

The official ruling body of the southern half of the Korean Peninsula from 8 September 1945 to 15 August 1948.

The official ruling body of the southern half of the Korean Peninsula from 8 September 1945 to 15 August 1948.

Location of the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula
Japanese forces surrender to the U.S. Army at Seoul, Korea, on 9 September 1945
Location of the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula
Anti-Trusteeship Campaign, December 1945
General MacArthur at the handover ceremony from Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to President Syngman Rhee on 15 August 1948

In the south the interim legislature and the interim government were headed by Kim Kyu-shik and Syngman Rhee, respectively, and the elections for which were met with a large uprising.

Delegates of both belligerent sides signing the Korean Armistice Agreement in Panmunjom, marking the beginning of the still-existing ceasefire between the two Koreas

Korean Armistice Agreement

5 links

Armistice that brought about a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War.

Armistice that brought about a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War.

Delegates of both belligerent sides signing the Korean Armistice Agreement in Panmunjom, marking the beginning of the still-existing ceasefire between the two Koreas
The site of negotiations in 1951
The English text of Korean Armistice Agreement. Harrison's signature in the lower left corner.
Colonel-level discussions between the US and North Korean militaries on 11 October 1951
The building where the armistice was signed, now housing the North Korea Peace Museum
The Demilitarized Zone compared to the earlier 38th parallel de facto border
Depiction of a banner during a 1989 student festival in Pyongyang, prior to calls from North Korea to leave the agreement.

South Korea never signed the Armistice Agreement, due to President Syngman Rhee’s refusal to accept having failed to unify Korea by force.

Map of South Korea with Jeju highlighted at the bottom in red

Jeju uprising

3 links

Uprising on Jeju Island from April 1948 to May 1949.

Uprising on Jeju Island from April 1948 to May 1949.

Map of South Korea with Jeju highlighted at the bottom in red
Jeju inhabitants awaiting execution in late 1948
Recreation of the Daranshi cave massacre on Jeju Island

The First Republic of Korea under President Syngman Rhee escalated the suppression of the uprising from August 1948, declaring martial law in November and beginning an "eradication campaign" against rebel forces in the rural areas of Jeju in March 1949, defeating them within two months.