Syngman Rhee

Rhee Syng-manRhee SyngmanRheePresident RheeI SeungmanLee Seung-manLee Sung-manSeungman RheeLee Seung ManLee Syng-man
Syngman Rhee (이승만, ; 26 March 1875 – 19 July 1965) was a South Korean politician who served as the first president of South Korea from 1948 to 1960.wikipedia
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Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
Rhee adopted a strongly anti-communist and pro-American stance, and led South Korea through the Korean War from 1950 to 1953.
A socialist state was established in the north under the communist leadership of Kim Il-sung and a capitalist state in the south under the anti-communist leadership of Syngman Rhee.

First Republic of Korea

South KoreaFirst Republic of South KoreaFirst Republic
Rhee oversaw the transfer of power from the United States Army Military Government in Korea to the Government of South Korea and the establishment of the First Republic of Korea.
Syngman Rhee became the first President of Korea following the May 1948 general election, and the National Assembly in Seoul promulgated South Korea's first constitution in July establishing a democratic presidential system of government.

Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea

Korean Provisional GovernmentProvisional GovernmentProvisional Government of Korea
Rhee was the first and the last president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea from 1919 to 1925 and 1947 to 1948, and was elected President of South Korea in the 1948 presidential election.
Syngman Rhee, who was the first president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, became the first President of the Republic of Korea in 1948.

1948 South Korean presidential election

19481948 presidential election1948–1960
Rhee was the first and the last president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea from 1919 to 1925 and 1947 to 1948, and was elected President of South Korea in the 1948 presidential election.
Syngman Rhee was elected with 180 votes, and took over the government to oversee the transfer of power from the United States Army Military Government in Korea.

South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
Syngman Rhee (이승만, ; 26 March 1875 – 19 July 1965) was a South Korean politician who served as the first president of South Korea from 1948 to 1960.
In the South, Syngman Rhee, an opponent of communism, who had been backed and appointed by the United States as head of the provisional government, won the first presidential elections of the newly declared Republic of Korea in May.

Prince Yangnyeong

Grand Prince YangnyeongYangnyeongYangnyung
Rhee's family traced its lineage back to King Taejong of Joseon, and was a 16th-generation descendant of Grand Prince Yangnyeong.
The Grand Prince, first-born son of King Taejong of the Joseon dynasty and his consort Queen Wongyeong, elder brother of Sejong the Great, and ancestor of Syngman Rhee, Korean independence activist and first President of South Korea.

United States Army Military Government in Korea

Southern KoreaSouth KoreaUnited States Army Military Government
Rhee oversaw the transfer of power from the United States Army Military Government in Korea to the Government of South Korea and the establishment of the First Republic of Korea.
In the south the interim legislature and the interim government were headed by Kim Kyu-shik and Syngman Rhee, respectively, and the elections for which were met with a large uprising.

Korean independence movement

Korean independence activistanti-Japanese struggleKorean independence
Rhee acted as one of the forerunners of the Korean independence movement through grassroots organizations such as the Hyeopseong Club and the Independence Club.
Although Chiang and Korean leaders like Syngman Rhee tried to influence the US State Department to support Korean independence and recognize the KPG, the Far Eastern Division was skeptical.

Soh Jaipil

Seo Jae-pilPhilip JaisohnDr. Philip Jaisohn
Near the end of 1895, he joined a Hyeopseong Club created by Seo Jae-pil, who returned from the United States after his exile following the Gapsin Coup.
After his return, the Korean government ordered the Club to disband and arrested 17 leaders including Rhee Syngman.

George Washington University

The George Washington UniversityGeorge WashingtonColumbian College
He obtained a Bachelor of Arts from George Washington University in 1907, and a Master of Arts from Harvard University in 1908.
former First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, Syngman Rhee, Gregg Ritchie, Leslie Sanchez, Chuck Todd, Clay Travis, Margaret Truman, Kerry Washington, Kye Allums, Ashani Weeraratna, Sandiaga Uno, Scott Wolf, Irvin Yalom, and Rachel Zoe.

President of South Korea

PresidentSouth Korean PresidentPresident of the Republic of Korea
Syngman Rhee (이승만, ; 26 March 1875 – 19 July 1965) was a South Korean politician who served as the first president of South Korea from 1948 to 1960.

Park Yong-man

Pak Yong-manYong-man Park
Soon afterwards, he met Park Yong-man, who was in Nebraska at the time.
It was while he was incarcerated that he met Syngman Rhee, another reformist.

Constitution of South Korea

Constitution of the Republic of KoreaConstitutionSouth Korean constitution
The 1948 Constitution of the Republic of Korea was adopted on July 17, 1948.
The 1949 Constitution has first amended in 1952 ahead of Syngman Rhee's re-election, providing for direct presidential elections and a bicameral legislature.

Pyongsan County

PyongsanP'yŏngsanP'yŏngsan County
Syngman Rhee was born on 19 February 1875 in the Korean lunisolar calendar (also stated as 26 March 1875) in Daegyeong, a village in Pyeongsan County, Hwanghae Province of Joseon-ruled Korea.
*Syngman Rhee, the first president of South Korea

Kim Chang-ryong

Kim Chang-Yong
On 26 June 1949, Kim Gu was assassinated by Ahn Doo-hee, who confessed that he assassinated Kim Gu by the order of Kim Chang-ryong.
Kim Chang-Ryong (1920–January 30, 1956) was a high-ranking officer in the Republic of Korea Army, the head of the Korean Counter Intelligence Corps, and South Korean President Syngman Rhee's most trusted right-hand man.

North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of KoreaNorthDPRK
The next month, on September 9, the north also proclaimed statehood as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
The South declared its statehood in May 1948 and two months later the ardent anti-communist Syngman Rhee became its ruler.

Bodo League massacre

Bodo Leaguemass killing of tens of thousands of suspected communistsNational Guidance Program
By early 1950 Rhee had about 30,000 alleged communists in his jails, and had about 300,000 suspected sympathizers enrolled in an official "re-education" movement called the Bodo League.
South Korean President Syngman Rhee had about 300,000 suspected communist sympathizers or his political opponents enrolled in an official "re-education" movement known as the Bodo League (or National Rehabilitation and Guidance League, National Guard Alliance, National Guidance Alliance National Bodo League, Bodo Yeonmaeng, Gukmin Bodo Ryeonmaeng, 국민보도연맹, 國民保導聯盟) on the pretext of protecting them from execution.

Jeju uprising

Jeju massacreJejuApril 3 massacre
His government also oversaw several massacres, including the suppression of the Jeju uprising on Jeju island, of which South Korea's Truth Commission reported 14,373 victims, 86% at the hands of the security forces and 13.9% at the hands of communist rebels, and the Mungyeong massacre.
The First Republic of Korea under President Syngman Rhee escalated the suppression of the uprising from August 1948, declaring martial law in November and beginning an "eradication campaign" against rebel forces in the rural areas of Jeju in March 1949, defeating them within two months.

Empress Myeongseong

Queen MinEulmi Incidentassassinated
Rhee was implicated in a plot to take revenge for the assassination of Empress Myeongseong, the wife of King Gojong who was assassinated by Japanese agents, however, a female American physician helped him avoid the charges.
The assassination is also credited as a significant event in the life of Syngman Rhee, the future first president South Korea.

First Korean Congress

After giving up travelling to Paris, Rhee held the First Korean Congress in Philadelphia with Seo Jae-pil to make plans for the declaration and action of independence of Korea.
There was Dr. Syngman Rhee, who was chosen as one of the Korean representatives to the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 by the Korean National Association, but failed to obtain permission to travel to Paris.

Korean National Association

In December 1918, he was chosen as one of the Korean representatives to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 by the Korean National Association, but failed to obtain permission to travel to Paris.
For example, Syngman Rhee looked for liberation through education and diplomacy, while Park Yong-man preferred military action.

April Revolution

April 19 MovementApril 19 Revolution1960–1961
When police shot demonstrators in Masan, the student-led April Revolution forced Rhee to resign on April 26.
The April Revolution (4.19 혁명), also called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, were mass protests in South Korea against President Syngman Rhee and the First Republic from April 11 to 26, 1960 which led to Rhee's resignation.

Ahn Doo-hee

On 26 June 1949, Kim Gu was assassinated by Ahn Doo-hee, who confessed that he assassinated Kim Gu by the order of Kim Chang-ryong.
For the assassination, Ahn was convicted and sentenced to a term of life in prison; however, shortly thereafter, his sentence was commuted to a term of 15 years by then newly elected Korean president Syngman Rhee.

1952 South Korean presidential election

19521952 Presidential Elections1952 presidential election
During the following presidential election, he received 74% of the vote.
The result was a victory for Syngman Rhee, who won 74.6% of the vote.

1956 South Korean presidential election

19561956 elections1956 presidential election
Rhee was easily re-elected for what should have been the final time in 1956, since the 1948 constitution limited the president to two consecutive terms.
The result was a victory for Syngman Rhee, who won 70.0% of the vote.