A report on TYPSET and RUNOFF

Early document editor that was used with the 1964-released RUNOFF program, one of the earliest text formatting programs to see significant use.

- TYPSET and RUNOFF

12 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Roff (software)

2 links

First Unix text-formatting computer program, and a predecessor of the nroff and troff document processing systems.

First Unix text-formatting computer program, and a predecessor of the nroff and troff document processing systems.

It was a Unix version of the runoff text-formatting program from Multics, which was a descendant of RUNOFF for CTSS (the first computerized text-formatting application).

Preamble of two version of the CTSS scheduler, one in MAD and one in FAP

Compatible Time-Sharing System

2 links

The first general purpose time-sharing operating system.

The first general purpose time-sharing operating system.

Preamble of two version of the CTSS scheduler, one in MAD and one in FAP
Diagram of the Intrex running on CTSS

CTSS had one of the first computerized text editing and formatting utilities, called TYPSET and RUNOFF (the successors of MEMO, MODIFY and DITTO).

login screen

Multics

2 links

Influential early time-sharing operating system based on the concept of a single-level memory.

Influential early time-sharing operating system based on the concept of a single-level memory.

login screen
login screen
Multics Commands reference manual

runoff (rf)

Jerry Saltzer

2 links

American computer scientist.

American computer scientist.

RUNOFF, a very early text-formatting program which was the basis for roff and nroff

Robert Morris (cryptographer)

1 links

American cryptographer and computer scientist.

American cryptographer and computer scientist.

The pair also contributed a version of runoff text-formatting program for Multics.

McIlroy at the Japan Prize Foundation in 2011

Douglas McIlroy

1 links

Mathematician, engineer, and programmer.

Mathematician, engineer, and programmer.

McIlroy at the Japan Prize Foundation in 2011

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s McIlroy contributed programs for Multics (such as RUNOFF ) and Unix operating systems (such as diff, echo, tr, join and look ), versions of which are widespread to this day through adoption of the POSIX standard and Unix-like operating systems.

Line printer output following a MAD compiler error on an IBM 704 computer at the University of Michigan, c. 1960

MAD (programming language)

1 links

Programming language and compiler for the IBM 704 and later the IBM 709, IBM 7090, IBM 7040, UNIVAC 1107, UNIVAC 1108, Philco 210-211, and eventually the IBM S/370 mainframe computers.

Programming language and compiler for the IBM 704 and later the IBM 709, IBM 7090, IBM 7040, UNIVAC 1107, UNIVAC 1108, Philco 210-211, and eventually the IBM S/370 mainframe computers.

Line printer output following a MAD compiler error on an IBM 704 computer at the University of Michigan, c. 1960

Programs written in MAD included MAIL, RUNOFF, one of the first text processing systems, and several other utilities all under Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS).

Nroff

1 links

Text-formatting program on Unix and Unix-like operating systems.

Text-formatting program on Unix and Unix-like operating systems.

It was a descendant of the RUNOFF program from CTSS, the first computerized text-formatting program, and is a predecessor of the Unix troff document processing system.

Memo: TJ-2: Type Justifying Program

TJ-2

0 links

Published by Peter Samson in May 1963 and is thought to be the first page layout program.

Published by Peter Samson in May 1963 and is thought to be the first page layout program.

Memo: TJ-2: Type Justifying Program
DEC PDP-1 at the Computer History Museum

TJ-2 was succeeded by TYPSET and RUNOFF, a pair of complementary programs written in 1964 for the CTSS operating system.

SCRIPT (markup)

0 links

Part of IBM's Document Composition Facility (DCF) for IBM z/VM and z/OS systems.

Part of IBM's Document Composition Facility (DCF) for IBM z/VM and z/OS systems.

SCRIPT was developed for CP-67/CMS by Stuart Madnick at MIT, succeeding CTSS RUNOFF.