Tachi

AratakaKenpredecessor of the sword her mother is named for
A tachi was a type of traditionally made Japanese sword (nihonto) worn by the samurai class of feudal Japan.wikipedia
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Japanese sword

swordsswordnihontō
A tachi was a type of traditionally made Japanese sword (nihonto) worn by the samurai class of feudal Japan.
Some of the more commonly known types of Japanese swords are the katana, wakizashi, odachi, and tachi.

Katana

samurai swordswordsamurai swords
The tachi style of swords preceded the development of the katana, which was not mentioned by name until near the end of the twelfth century; tachi are known to have been made in the Kotō period, ranging from 900 to 1596.
The katana is generally defined as the standard sized, moderately curved (as opposed to the older tachi featuring more curvature) Japanese sword with a blade length greater than 60 cm (23 1⁄2 inches).

Kodachi

For instance, tachi that were shōtō and closer in size to a wakizashi were called kodachi.
A kodachi, literally translating into "small or short tachi (sword)", is one of the traditionally made Japanese swords (nihontō) used by the samurai class of feudal Japan.

Samurai

bushibukewarrior
A tachi was a type of traditionally made Japanese sword (nihonto) worn by the samurai class of feudal Japan. The uchigatana was derived from the tachi and was the predecessor to the katana as the battlesword of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the tachi and the uchigatana were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn, the fittings for the blades, and the location of the signature (mei).
Japanese swords (samurai sword) are the weapons that have come to be synonymous with the samurai. Ancient Japanese swords from the Nara period (Chokutō) featured a straight blade, by the late 900s curved tachi appeared, followed by the uchigatana and ultimately the katana. Smaller commonly known companion swords are the wakizashi and the tantō. Wearing a long sword (katana) or (tachi) together with a smaller sword such as a wakizashi or tantō became the symbol of the samurai, this combination of swords is referred to as a daishō (literally "big and small"). During the Edo period only samurai were allowed to wear a daisho. A longer blade known as the nodachi was also used in the fourteenth century, though primarily used by samurai on the ground.

Ōdachi

nodachiodachino-dachi
The longest tachi (considered a 15th-century ōdachi) in existence is more than 3.7 m in total length with a 2.2 m blade, but believed to be ceremonial.
The dachi here is the same as tachi (太刀, lit. "great sword"), the older style of sword/mounts that predate the katana.

Uchigatana

uchi-gatana
The uchigatana was derived from the tachi and was the predecessor to the katana as the battlesword of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the tachi and the uchigatana were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn, the fittings for the blades, and the location of the signature (mei).
The uchigatana was the descendant of the tachi.

Mongol invasions of Japan

Mongol invasionsinvasions of JapanMongol invasion of Japan
As a result of the first Mongol invasions of Japan in 1274, tachi started to be made thicker and wider.
This led to the beginning of the divergence of the katana from existing tachi swords in the 13th and 14th century.

Wakizashi

short swordcompanion swordkatana
For instance, tachi that were shōtō and closer in size to a wakizashi were called kodachi.
Tachi

Tenka-Goken

Five Best Swords under HeavenFive Swords Under HeavenNational Treasure
Tenka-Goken - five best swords in Japan. All of the five are classified as tachi.

Tang (tools)

tangtangedfull tang
Tachi and katana generally differ in length, degree of curvature, and how they were worn when sheathed, the latter depending on the location of the mei, or signature, on the tang.

Cavalry

cavalrymenhorsehorsemen
Unlike the traditional manner of wearing the katana, the tachi was worn hung from the belt with the cutting-edge down, and was most effective when used by cavalry.

Feudalism

feudalfeudal systemfeudal lord
The uchigatana was derived from the tachi and was the predecessor to the katana as the battlesword of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the tachi and the uchigatana were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn, the fittings for the blades, and the location of the signature (mei).

Sengoku period

Japan (Sengoku period)SengokuWarring States period
In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors of what became the ruling class would wear their sword tachi-style (edge-downward), rather than with the scabbard thrust through the belt with the edge upward.

Edo period

Edo-periodEdoTokugawa
In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors of what became the ruling class would wear their sword tachi-style (edge-downward), rather than with the scabbard thrust through the belt with the edge upward.

Statism in Shōwa Japan

Japanese fascistShōwa statismFascism
With the rising of statism in Shōwa Japan, the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy implemented swords called shin and kaiguntō, which were worn tachi style (cutting edge down).

Imperial Japanese Army

Japanese ArmyJapaneseArmy
With the rising of statism in Shōwa Japan, the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy implemented swords called shin and kaiguntō, which were worn tachi style (cutting edge down).

Imperial Japanese Navy

JapaneseJapanese NavyNavy
With the rising of statism in Shōwa Japan, the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy implemented swords called shin and kaiguntō, which were worn tachi style (cutting edge down).

Guntō

shin guntōswordsgunto
With the rising of statism in Shōwa Japan, the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy implemented swords called shin and kaiguntō, which were worn tachi style (cutting edge down).

List of Sakura Wars characters

Sakura ShingujiCoquelicotIchirō Ōgami
Other than her open and friendly personality, the main benefits she brings to the group are the Shinguji family's hereditary power to defeat evil and the Reiken-Arataka.

Kogarasu Maru

The Kogarasu Maru, or "Little Crow," is a unique Japanese tachi sword believed to have been created by legendary Japanese smith Amakuni during 8th century CE.

Masamune

Goro Nyudo MasamuneGorō MasamuneHonjō Masamune
He created swords and daggers, known in Japanese as tachi and tantō respectively, in the Soshu tradition.

Japanese swordsmithing

Japanese swordsmithswordsconstruction
Japanese swordsmithing is the labour-intensive bladesmithing process developed in Japan for forging traditionally made bladed weapons (nihonto) including katana, wakizashi, tantō, yari, naginata, nagamaki, tachi, uchigatana, nodachi, ōdachi, kodachi, and ya (arrow).

List of National Treasures of Japan (crafts: swords)

Rai Kuniyuki
Early Kamakura period tachi had an elaborately finished tang and an elegant dignified overall shape (sugata). Tantō daggers from the same period showed a slight outward curvature.