Tagalog language

TagalogFilipinoTagalog (Filipino)Tagalog/FilipinoOld TagalogTagalog-languageTagalog wordTagalog-speakingTagalog (Filipino/Pilipino)Tagalophone
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.wikipedia
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Austronesian languages

AustronesianAustronesian languageAustronesian language family
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.
Major Austronesian languages with the highest number of speakers are Malay (Indonesian and Malaysian), Javanese, and Filipino (Tagalog).

Visayan languages

VisayanBisayaVisayan language
It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy. It is closely related to the languages spoken in the Bicol Region and the Visayas islands, such as the Bikol group and the Visayan group, including Waray-Waray, Hiligaynon and Cebuano.
Visayan (Bisaya or Binisaya) is a group of languages of the Philippines that are related to Tagalog and Bikol languages, all of which are part of the Central Philippine languages.

Filipino language

FilipinoTagalogSpoken languages
Its standardized form, officially named Filipino, is the national language of the Philippines, and is one of two official languages alongside English.
It is a standardized variety of the Tagalog language, an Austronesian, regional language that is widely spoken in the Philippines.

Philippine English

EnglishEnglish-languagePhilippines
Its standardized form, officially named Filipino, is the national language of the Philippines, and is one of two official languages alongside English.
English is taught in schools as one of the two official languages of the country, the other being Filipino (Tagalog).

Old Tagalog

Classical Tagalog
The first written record of Tagalog is the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, which dates to 900 CE and exhibits fragments of the language along with Sanskrit, Old Malay, Javanese and Old Tagalog.
Old Tagalog (Filipino: Lumang Tagalog; Baybayin:, Pre-Kudlit: ) is the earliest form of the Tagalog language and was the language of Central and Southern Luzon during the Classical period in Luzon.

Baybayin

TagalogBaybayin scriptancient Filipino writing system
The Doctrina was written in Spanish and two transcriptions of Tagalog; one in the ancient, then-current Baybayin script and the other in an early Spanish attempt at a Latin orthography for the language.
The term baybayín literally means "to spell, write, and syllabize" in Tagalog.

Malagasy language

MalagasyBetsimisarakamlg
It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy.

Central Philippine languages

Central PhilippineCentral Philippine languageCentral
Tagalog differs from its Central Philippine counterparts with its treatment of the Proto-Philippine schwa vowel.
They are also the most populous, including Tagalog (and Filipino), Bikol, and the major Visayan languages Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Waray, Kinaray-a, and Tausug, with some forty languages altogether.

Philippine languages

PhilippinePhilippine languageFilipino
It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy.
Central Philippine languages (40 languages, including Tagalog, Bikol languages and Visayan languages)

Tanaga

Tagalog is the predominant language used in the tanaga, a type of Filipino poem and the indigenous poetic art of the Tagalog people.
The Tanaga is an indigenous type of Filipino poem, that is used traditionally in the Tagalog language.

Vocabulario de la lengua tagala

Further compilation of his substantial work was prepared by P. Juan de Noceda and P. Pedro de Sanlucar and published as Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala in Manila in 1754 and then repeatedly reedited, with the last edition being in 2013 in Manila.
Vocabulario de la lengua tagala is the first dictionary of the Tagalog language in the Philippines.

Hawaiian language

HawaiianHawaiian forHawaii
It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy.

Batangas Tagalog

BatangasBatangueñoBatangan Tagalog
Ethnologue lists Manila, Lubang, Marinduque, Bataan (Western Central Luzon), Batangas, Bulacan (Eastern Central Luzon), Tanay-Paete (Rizal-Laguna), and Tayabas (Quezon) as dialects of Tagalog; however, there appear to be four main dialects, of which the aforementioned are a part: Northern (exemplified by the Bulacan dialect), Central (including Manila), Southern (exemplified by Batangas), and Marinduque.
Batangas Tagalog (more properly Batangan, Batangeño, or Batangenyo ), is a dialect of the Tagalog language that is spoken primarily in the province of Batangas and in portions of Quezon, Laguna and on the island of Mindoro.

Cebuano language

CebuanoVisayanCebuano-speaking
It is closely related to the languages spoken in the Bicol Region and the Visayas islands, such as the Bikol group and the Visayan group, including Waray-Waray, Hiligaynon and Cebuano.
While Filipino (Tagalog) has the most number of speakers of Philippine languages, Cebuano had the largest native language-speaking population in the Philippines until about the 1980s.

Indonesian language

IndonesianIndonesiaBahasa Indonesia
It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy.

Luzon

Luzon Islandnorthern LuzonNorth Luzon
The Tagalog homeland, Katagalugan, covers roughly much of the central to southern parts of the island of Luzon—particularly in Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Metro Manila, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal and Zambales.
The name Luzon is thought to derive from the Tagalog word lusong, which is a large wooden mortar used in dehusking rice.

Cavite

Cavite ProvinceCavite, PhilippinesProvince of Cavite
The Tagalog homeland, Katagalugan, covers roughly much of the central to southern parts of the island of Luzon—particularly in Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Metro Manila, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal and Zambales.
The name "Cavite" comes from the Hispanicized form of kawit or it may be a corruption of kalawit, Tagalog words for "hook", in reference to the small hook-shaped peninsula jutting out to Manila Bay.

Filipinos

FilipinoFilipinaPhilippine
The Batangas accent has been featured in film and television and Filipino actor Leo Martinez speaks with this accent.
The lack of the letter "F" in the pre-1987 Tagalog alphabet (Abakada) caused the letter "P" to be substituted for "F", though the alphabets and/or writing scripts of some non-Tagalog ethnic groups included the letter "F".

Bicol Region

BicolRegion VV
It is closely related to the languages spoken in the Bicol Region and the Visayas islands, such as the Bikol group and the Visayan group, including Waray-Waray, Hiligaynon and Cebuano.
The people of the Bicol Region, called Bicolanos, speak any of the several languages of the Bikol language family, called Bikol macrolanguages, an Austronesian languages closely grouped under the Central Philippine languages family such as the Visayan languages and Tagalog.

Kapampangan language

KapampanganPampangoKapampangan people
It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy.
Proto-Philippine is tanam (to plant) in Kapampangan, compared with Tagalog tanim, Cebuano tanom and Ilocano tanem (grave).

Pablo Clain

Paul Klein
The first substantial dictionary of the Tagalog language was written by the Czech Jesuit missionary Pablo Clain in the beginning of the 18th century.
Klein is known for writing a standardized Tagalog dictionary as well as the first person to describe Palau for the Europeans and to draw the historically first map of Palau, an act which practically equaled to the discovery of Palau.

Proto-Philippine language

Proto-Philippine
Tagalog differs from its Central Philippine counterparts with its treatment of the Proto-Philippine schwa vowel.
The proto-phonemes *j and *R are not preserved as such in any Philippine language: *j became either *g or *d (e.g. *púsəj became Ilocano púsəg, Tagalog púsod), whereas *R shifted to *r (e.g. in Ilocano), *l (e.g. in Pangasinan), *g (e.g. in Tagalog) or *y (e.g. in Kapampangan).

Pangasinan language

PangasinanPangasinensePangasinenses
It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy.
The ancient Pangasinan script, which is related to the Tagalog Baybayin script, was derived from the Javanese Kawi script of Indonesia and the Vatteluttu or Pallava script of South India.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaManilla
For example, in some parts of Manila, a strong pronunciation of i exists and vowel-switching of o and u exists so words like "gising" (to wake) is pronounced as "giseng" with a strong 'e' and the word "tagu-taguan" (hide-and-go-seek) is pronounced as "tago-tagoan" with a mild 'o'.
The native Tagalog name for the indigo plant, tayum (or variations thereof) actually finds use in another toponym within the Manila area — Tayuman ("where the indigo [plant] is") — and elsewhere in the Philippines (e.g., Tayum, Abra; Tagum, Davao del Norte).

National language

main languagenationalmajority language
Its standardized form, officially named Filipino, is the national language of the Philippines, and is one of two official languages alongside English.
The 1973 Philippine constitution hegemonically imposed Tagalog national language at the expense of all other ethnic nationalities in the country and mandated development and formal adoption of a common national language to be known as Filipino.