Taiwan

Republic of ChinaFormosaRepublic of China (Taiwan)TaiwaneseChinaROCTaiwan (Republic of China)Taiwan (ROC)ChineseTW
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.wikipedia
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Taipei

Taipei, TaiwanTaipei CityTaihoku
Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area.
Taipei, officially Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially the Republic of China, "ROC").

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the north-west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south.
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.

Taichung

Taichung CityTaichung, TaiwanTaizhong
Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan.
Taichung (, Wade–Giles: Tʻai²-chung¹), officially Taichung City, is a special municipality located in central Taiwan.

Taoyuan, Taiwan

Taoyuan CityTaoyuanTaoyuan County
Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan.
Taoyuan is a special municipality in northwestern Taiwan, neighboring New Taipei City, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County.

East Asia

East AsianEastEastern Asia
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
States of East Asia include China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, and the Chinese special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Retrocession Day

handover of Taiwan from JapanretrocessionTaiwan Retrocession Day
Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Republic of China, which had overthrown and succeeded the Qing in 1911, took control of Taiwan on behalf of the World War II Allies.
Retrocession Day is a name given to the annual observance and unofficial holiday in Taiwan to commemorate the end of 50 years of Japanese rule of Taiwan and Penghu, and their claimed handover to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945.

Taiwan under Qing rule

Qing DynastyQing ruleQing Dynasty rule
After the brief Kingdom of Tungning in parts of the southern and western areas of the island, the island was annexed in 1683 by the Qing dynasty of China, and ceded to the Empire of Japan in 1895.
Taiwan under Qing rule refers to the rule of the Qing dynasty over Formosa (coastal areas of modern-day Taiwan ) from 1683 to 1895.

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
The resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the loss of the mainland to the Communist Party of China and the flight of the ROC government to Taiwan in 1949.
The Communists gained control of mainland China and established the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, forcing the Republic of China to retreat to the island of Taiwan.

Foreign relations of Taiwan

Foreign relations of the Republic of Chinadisputed statuspolitical sensitivities
Taiwan maintains official ties with 14 out of 193 UN member states and the Holy See.
The Republic of China (ROC), referred to by many states as "Taiwan", is recognised by out of 193 United Nations member states, as well as the Holy See.

Political status of Taiwan

Legal status of Taiwanpolitical statusTaiwan
The political status of Taiwan remains uncertain.
The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan, sometimes referred to as the Taiwan Issue or Taiwan Strait Issue, or from a Taiwanese perspective as the Mainland Issue, is a result of the Chinese Civil War and the subsequent split of China into the two present-day self-governing entities of the People's Republic of China (PRC; commonly known as "China") and the Republic of China (ROC; commonly known as "Taiwan").

Republic of China retreat to Taiwan

retreatedKMT retreat to Taiwan in 1949relocated to Taiwan
The resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the loss of the mainland to the Communist Party of China and the flight of the ROC government to Taiwan in 1949.
The Republic of China's retreat to Taiwan, also known as the Kuomintang retreat to Taiwan or (in Taiwan) "The Great Retreat" refers to the exodus of the remnants of the Kuomintang-ruled government of the Republic of China to the island of Taiwan in December 1949 at the end of the Chinese Civil War.

Taiwan Miracle

economic miracleTaiwan economic miracleTaiwan's Economic Miracle
In the early 1960s, Taiwan entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialisation called the "Taiwan Miracle".
The Taiwan Miracle or Taiwan Economic Miracle refers to the rapid industrialization and economic growth of Taiwan during the latter half of the twentieth century.

Xinhai Revolution

1911 RevolutionChinese RevolutionChinese Revolution of 1911
Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Republic of China, which had overthrown and succeeded the Qing in 1911, took control of Taiwan on behalf of the World War II Allies.
The Republic of China in Taiwan and the People's Republic of China on the mainland both consider themselves the legitimate successors to the Xinhai Revolution and honor the ideals of the revolution including nationalism, republicanism, modernization of China and national unity.

Chinese unification

Chinese reunificationunificationreunification
Domestically, the major political division is between parties favouring eventual Chinese unification and promoting a Chinese identity contrasted with those aspiring to independence and promoting Taiwanese identity, although both sides have moderated their positions to broaden their appeal.
Chinese or Cross-Strait unification (or reunification) refers to the potential unification of mainland China (controlled by the People's Republic of China) and Taiwan (controlled by the Republic of China) into a single state.

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

APECAsia Pacific Economic CooperationAsia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
Taiwan is a member of the World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and Asian Development Bank under various names.
An annual APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting is attended by the heads of government of all APEC members except Republic of China (which is represented by a ministerial-level official under the name Chinese Taipei as economic leader).

Taiwanese identity

identityTaiwanese national identityidentity crisis of Taiwan
Domestically, the major political division is between parties favouring eventual Chinese unification and promoting a Chinese identity contrasted with those aspiring to independence and promoting Taiwanese identity, although both sides have moderated their positions to broaden their appeal.
The definition of 'Taiwanese' identity has been an ongoing issue for several decades arising from the political rivalry between Taiwan (officially Republic of China, ROC) and the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Taivoan people

TaivoanTevorangh
In the early 17th century, the Dutch East India Company established a commercial post at Fort Zeelandia (modern-day Anping, Tainan) on a coastal sandbar called "Tayouan", after their ethnonym for a nearby Taiwanese aboriginal tribe, possibly Taivoan people, written by the Dutch and Portuguese variously as Taiouwang, Tayowan, Teijoan, etc. This name was also adopted into the Chinese vernacular (in particular, Hokkien, as ) as the name of the sandbar and nearby area (Tainan).
The Taivoan or Tevorangh people or Shisha, also written Taivuan and Tevorang, Tivorang, Tivorangh, are an indigenous people in Taiwan.

Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office

Taipei Economic and Cultural Officerepresents the interestsrepresentative office
Nearby countries and countries with large economies maintain unofficial ties with Taiwan through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates.
The Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office (TECRO), also known as Taipei Economic and Cultural Office (TECO) or Taipei Representative Office (TRO), is an alternative to an embassy or a consulate which handles the foreign affairs and citizen services of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in countries that have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC, commonly "China").

Hokkien

Hokkien ChineseHokkien languageHokkien dialect
In the early 17th century, the Dutch East India Company established a commercial post at Fort Zeelandia (modern-day Anping, Tainan) on a coastal sandbar called "Tayouan", after their ethnonym for a nearby Taiwanese aboriginal tribe, possibly Taivoan people, written by the Dutch and Portuguese variously as Taiouwang, Tayowan, Teijoan, etc. This name was also adopted into the Chinese vernacular (in particular, Hokkien, as ) as the name of the sandbar and nearby area (Tainan).
It is also spoken widely in Taiwan and by the Chinese diaspora in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and other parts of Southeast Asia, and by other overseas Chinese all over the world.

Two Chinas

conflictingChinaChina split into two
Although the ROC government continued to claim to be the legitimate representative of China, since 1950 its effective jurisdiction has been limited to Taiwan and numerous smaller islands.
The Republic of China, led by President Chiang Kai-Shek, retreated the government of the Republic of China to Taiwan.

Okinawa Prefecture

OkinawaOkinawanOkinawa, Japan
Elsewhere, the name was used for the Ryukyu Islands in general or Okinawa, the largest of them; indeed the name Ryūkyū is the Japanese form of Liúqiú.
The Ryukyu Islands extend southwest from Kagoshima Prefecture on Kyushu (the southwesternmost of Japan's four main islands) to Taiwan.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758

Resolution 2758UN General Assembly Resolution 2758vote to transfer China's seat
The ROC is no longer a member of the UN, having been replaced by the PRC in 1971.
The resolution, passed on 25 October 1971, recognized the People's Republic of China (PRC) as "the only legitimate representative of China to the United Nations" and removed the collective representatives of Chiang Kai-shek and the Republic of China from the United Nations.

Chinese Taipei

TaiwanesenameTaiwan
The Republic of China participates in most international forums and organizations under the name "Chinese Taipei" due to diplomatic pressure from the People's Republic of China.
"Chinese Taipei" is the name for Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China (ROC), designated in the Nagoya Resolution whereby the ROC and the People's Republic of China (PRC) recognize each other when it comes to the activities of the International Olympic Committee and its correlates.

Taiwanese indigenous peoples

Taiwanese aboriginesaboriginalindigenous
In the early 17th century, the Dutch East India Company established a commercial post at Fort Zeelandia (modern-day Anping, Tainan) on a coastal sandbar called "Tayouan", after their ethnonym for a nearby Taiwanese aboriginal tribe, possibly Taivoan people, written by the Dutch and Portuguese variously as Taiouwang, Tayowan, Teijoan, etc. This name was also adopted into the Chinese vernacular (in particular, Hokkien, as ) as the name of the sandbar and nearby area (Tainan). Taiwanese indigenous peoples settled the island of Taiwan around 6,000 years ago.
Taiwanese indigenous peoples or formerly Taiwanese aborigines, Formosan people, Austronesian Taiwanese or Gāoshān people, are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, who number almost 569,008 or 2.38% of the island's population—or more than 800,000 people, considering the potential recognition of Taiwanese plain indigenous peoples officially in the future.

Penghu

PescadoresPenghu CountyPenghu Islands
In his Daoyi Zhilüe (1349), Wang Dayuan used "Liuqiu" as a name for the island of Taiwan, or the part of it closest to Penghu.
Covering an area of 141 sqkm, the archipelago collectively forms Penghu County of the Republic of China (Taiwan), and is the second smallest county, after Lienchiang.