Tamil Renaissance

Tamil revivalists
Tamil Renaissance refers to the literary, cultural, social reform and political movements that took place in the Tamil-speaking districts of Southern India starting in the second half of the 19th century and lasting to the culmination of the anti-Hindi agitations of the 1960s.wikipedia
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Tamil nationalism

Tamil nationalistTamil nationalistsDudley-Chelvanayakam Pact
Rapid propagation of Western ideas and formulation of the Dravidian civilization theory during the second half of the 19th century inculcated a sense of pride in educated Tamils, eventually leading to the birth of Tamil nationalism, which inspired the Dravidian movement.
It expresses itself in the form of linguistic purism ("Pure Tamil"), nationalism and irredentism ("Tamil Eelam"), Social equality ("Self-Respect Movement") and Tamil Renaissance.

Anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu

Anti-Hindi agitationsAnti-Hindi agitations of 1937-40anti-Hindi agitation
Tamil Renaissance refers to the literary, cultural, social reform and political movements that took place in the Tamil-speaking districts of Southern India starting in the second half of the 19th century and lasting to the culmination of the anti-Hindi agitations of the 1960s.

Sanskrit

Sanskrit languageClassical SanskritSkt.
One preferred an increased mixture of Sanskrit words with Tamil, believing that such a fusion raised the quality of Tamil language.

Dravidian peoples

DravidianDravidiansDravidian people
Rapid propagation of Western ideas and formulation of the Dravidian civilization theory during the second half of the 19th century inculcated a sense of pride in educated Tamils, eventually leading to the birth of Tamil nationalism, which inspired the Dravidian movement.

Dravidian movement

Dravidian partiesDravidianismNon-Brahmin movement
Rapid propagation of Western ideas and formulation of the Dravidian civilization theory during the second half of the 19th century inculcated a sense of pride in educated Tamils, eventually leading to the birth of Tamil nationalism, which inspired the Dravidian movement.

Brahmin

BrahminsBrahmansBrahmanas
Brahmins reaped huge advantages from the reward-for-merit policy of the British Raj and eventually emerged as the foremost elite group among the native Indians.

A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian or South-Indian family of languages

Comparative Study of the Dravidian Family of Languages
The Comparative Study of the Dravidian Family of Languages by Bishop Robert Caldwell, for the first time, classified words in Dravidian tongues by their linguistic roots and distinguished them from their Indo-Aryan equivalents.

Robert Caldwell

Caldwell
The Comparative Study of the Dravidian Family of Languages by Bishop Robert Caldwell, for the first time, classified words in Dravidian tongues by their linguistic roots and distinguished them from their Indo-Aryan equivalents.

Robert Bruce Foote

Bruce Foote
The antiquity and greatness of Tamil civilization was further revealed by the archaeological discoveries of Robert Bruce Foote and the rediscovery and reproduction of ancient Tamil classics by U. V. Swaminatha Iyer.

U. V. Swaminatha Iyer

Dr. U. V. Swaminatha IyerU.V.Swaminatha IyerU V Swaminatha Iyer
The antiquity and greatness of Tamil civilization was further revealed by the archaeological discoveries of Robert Bruce Foote and the rediscovery and reproduction of ancient Tamil classics by U. V. Swaminatha Iyer.

K. N. Sivaraja Pillai

Dravidian individualism combined with resentment of Brahmin domination eventually led to the birth of the Anti-Brahmin movement and inspired the works of K. N. Sivaraja Pillai, Maraimalai Adigal and Bharathidasan and the socio-political movements of Iyothee Thass and E. V. Ramasami Naicker.

Maraimalai Adigal

Maraimalayadigal
Dravidian individualism combined with resentment of Brahmin domination eventually led to the birth of the Anti-Brahmin movement and inspired the works of K. N. Sivaraja Pillai, Maraimalai Adigal and Bharathidasan and the socio-political movements of Iyothee Thass and E. V. Ramasami Naicker.

Bharathidasan

BharatidasanPaventhar BharathidasanKanagasabai Subburathnam
Dravidian individualism combined with resentment of Brahmin domination eventually led to the birth of the Anti-Brahmin movement and inspired the works of K. N. Sivaraja Pillai, Maraimalai Adigal and Bharathidasan and the socio-political movements of Iyothee Thass and E. V. Ramasami Naicker.

Iyothee Thass

Ayothidasa Pandithar
Dravidian individualism combined with resentment of Brahmin domination eventually led to the birth of the Anti-Brahmin movement and inspired the works of K. N. Sivaraja Pillai, Maraimalai Adigal and Bharathidasan and the socio-political movements of Iyothee Thass and E. V. Ramasami Naicker.

Periyar E. V. Ramasamy

PeriyarE. V. RamasamyE. V. Ramasami
Dravidian individualism combined with resentment of Brahmin domination eventually led to the birth of the Anti-Brahmin movement and inspired the works of K. N. Sivaraja Pillai, Maraimalai Adigal and Bharathidasan and the socio-political movements of Iyothee Thass and E. V. Ramasami Naicker.

V. Kanakasabhai

V. Kanakasabhai Pillai
It also inspired the romanticism of V. Kanakasabhai and L. D. Swamikannu Pillai.

L. D. Swamikannu Pillai

Lewis Dominic Swamikannu Pillai Avargal
It also inspired the romanticism of V. Kanakasabhai and L. D. Swamikannu Pillai.

C. Rajagopalachari

RajajiChakravarti RajagopalachariChakravarthi Rajagopalachari
Indian independence activists like Subramanya Bharathy, Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, V. V. S. Aiyar, Subramania Siva, V. Kalyanasundara Mudaliar and M. P. Sivagnanam were accomplished Tamil writers.

V. O. Chidambaram Pillai

V.O. Chidambaram PillaiVOCChidambaram Pillai
Indian independence activists like Subramanya Bharathy, Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, V. V. S. Aiyar, Subramania Siva, V. Kalyanasundara Mudaliar and M. P. Sivagnanam were accomplished Tamil writers.

V. V. S. Aiyar

V.V.S. IyerV. V. S. IyerV.V.S. Aiyar
Indian independence activists like Subramanya Bharathy, Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, V. V. S. Aiyar, Subramania Siva, V. Kalyanasundara Mudaliar and M. P. Sivagnanam were accomplished Tamil writers.

Subramaniya Siva

Subramanya SivaSubramania SivaSubramanya Siva Memorial
Indian independence activists like Subramanya Bharathy, Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, V. V. S. Aiyar, Subramania Siva, V. Kalyanasundara Mudaliar and M. P. Sivagnanam were accomplished Tamil writers.

M. P. Sivagnanam

Ma. Po. Si.Ennai Valartha BharathiMa Po Sivagnanam
Indian independence activists like Subramanya Bharathy, Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, V. V. S. Aiyar, Subramania Siva, V. Kalyanasundara Mudaliar and M. P. Sivagnanam were accomplished Tamil writers.

C. W. Thamotharampillai

C.W. ThamotharampillaiC. W. Damodaram PillaiC. W. Thamotharam Pillai

S. Vaiyapuri Pillai

Vaiyapuri PillaiProf. Vaiyapuri PillaiRao Sahib Thiru S. Vaiyapuri Pillai