Tamils

TamilTamil peopleTamilianTamiliansIndian TamilIndian TamilsTamil communityTamil societyTamil girlTamilan
The Tamil people, also known as Tamilians, Tamilar, Thamizhar (, or ), or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak the Tamil language as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to Southern India and north-eastern Sri Lanka.wikipedia
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Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
The Tamil people, also known as Tamilians, Tamilar, Thamizhar (, or ), or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak the Tamil language as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to Southern India and north-eastern Sri Lanka.
Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Chindians, and Douglas.

Tamil Malaysians

Malaysian TamilTamil IndianTamils
Tamils constitute 5.9% of the population in India (concentrated mainly in Tamil Nadu), 15% in Sri Lanka, 6% in Mauritius, 7% in Malaysia and 5% in Singapore.
Tamil Malaysians, also known as Malaysian Tamils, are people of full or partial Tamil descent who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia from Tamil Nadu in South East India and the Tamil regions of northern Sri Lanka.

Indian Singaporeans

IndiansIndianIndians in Singapore
Tamils constitute 5.9% of the population in India (concentrated mainly in Tamil Nadu), 15% in Sri Lanka, 6% in Mauritius, 7% in Malaysia and 5% in Singapore.
Singapore Indians are linguistically and religiously diverse, with ethnic Tamils and nominal Hindus forming majorities.

Tamil Mauritian

MauritiusTamil
Tamils constitute 5.9% of the population in India (concentrated mainly in Tamil Nadu), 15% in Sri Lanka, 6% in Mauritius, 7% in Malaysia and 5% in Singapore.
Tamil Mauritians are the descendants of Tamil migrants to Mauritius.

Kedah

KadaramKedah Darul AmanSultanate of Kedah
The Chola dynasty successfully invaded several areas in southeast Asia, including the powerful Srivijaya and the Malay city-state of Kedah.
Kedah was previously known as Kadaram by the ancient and medieval Tamils, Kataha or Kalahbar (قتح; ' or قلحبر; ) by the Arabs, and Syburi by the Siamese when it was under their influence.

Thiruvalluvar

ValluvarTiruvalluvarThiruvalluvar Day
The most important Tamil author was the poet and philosopher Thiruvalluvar, who wrote the Tirukkuṛaḷ, a group of treatises on ethics, politics, love and morality widely considered the greatest work of Tamil literature.
Thiruvalluvar, commonly known as Valluvar, was a celebrated Tamil poet and philosopher.

Dravidian peoples

DravidianDravidiansDravidian people
The Tamil people, also known as Tamilians, Tamilar, Thamizhar (, or ), or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak the Tamil language as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to Southern India and north-eastern Sri Lanka.
The largest-Dravidian ethnic groups are the Telugus from Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, the Tamils from Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Singapore, the Kannadigas from Karnataka, the Malayalis from Kerala, and the Tulu people from Karnataka.

Tamil cuisine

TamilCuisine of Tamil Naducuisine
Tamil cuisine is informed by varied vegetarian and non-vegetarian items usually spiced with locally available spices.
Tamil cuisine is a cuisine native to the Tamil people who are native to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and parts of Sri Lanka, notably the North and Eastern regions.

Kerala

Kerala stateKerala, Indiastate of Kerala
From the 4th century BC onwards, urbanisation and mercantile activity along the western and eastern coasts of what is today Kerala and Tamil Nadu led to the development of four large Tamil political states, the Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas and Pallavas and a number of smaller states, all of whom were warring amongst themselves for dominance.
A Keralite identity, distinct from the Tamils, became linguistically separate during this period around the seventh century.

Kumari Kandam

continentKumari kaandamKumarikkandam
According to Iraiyanar Agapporul, a 10th/11th century annotation on the Sangam literature, the Tamil country extended southwards beyond the natural boundaries of the Indian peninsula comprising 49 ancient nadus (divisions).
Kumari Kandam refers to a mythical lost continent with an ancient Tamil civilization, located south of present-day India in the Indian Ocean.

Tamil literature

TamilTamil poetryliterature
These early kingdoms sponsored the growth of some of the oldest extant literature in Tamil.
Contributors to the Tamil literature are mainly from Tamil people from South India, including the land now comprising Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Sri Lankan Tamils from Sri Lanka, and from Tamil diaspora.

Karur

KullampattiKarur areaKarur Junction
Large quantities of Roman coins and signs of the presence of Roman traders have been discovered at Karur and Arikamedu.
Karur is one of the oldest towns in Tamil Nadu and has played a very significant role in the history and culture of the Tamils.

Tamilakam

ancient Tamil countryTamil countryTamilakkam
The music, the temple architecture and the stylised sculptures favoured by the Tamil people as in their ancient nation are still being learnt and practised.
Tamilakam or Ancient Tamil country refers to the geographical region inhabited by the ancient Tamil people.

Chola dynasty

CholaCholasChola Empire
The Chola dynasty successfully invaded several areas in southeast Asia, including the powerful Srivijaya and the Malay city-state of Kedah. From the 4th century BC onwards, urbanisation and mercantile activity along the western and eastern coasts of what is today Kerala and Tamil Nadu led to the development of four large Tamil political states, the Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas and Pallavas and a number of smaller states, all of whom were warring amongst themselves for dominance.
The Chola dynasty was a Tamil dynasty of southern India, one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the world's history.

Ancient Tamil music

Tamil musicsystem of musictheir music
The music, the temple architecture and the stylised sculptures favoured by the Tamil people as in their ancient nation are still being learnt and practised.
List of Musical instruments used by ancient Tamil people was listed in Tirumurai dated 6th to 11th century.

Chola invasion of Srivijaya

invasion of Srivijayalaunched naval raids on ports of Srivijaya1025 invasion of Srivijaya
The Chola navy conquered the dominant Southeast Asian power, the Srivijaya Empire, and secured the sea trade route to China.
The Chola invasion furthered the expansion of Tamil merchant associations such as the Manigramam, Ayyavole and Ainnurruvar into Southeast Asia.

Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka

Indian TamilIndian TamilsTamil
In the Sri Lankan highlands the lands of the Sinhalese were seized by the British and Indian Tamils were settled there as plantation workers.
Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka.

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

LTTETamil TigersTamil Tiger
After anti-Tamil pogroms in 1956, 1958 and 1977 and a brutal crackdown against Tamils protesting against these acts, guerrilla groups like the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam were established. The burning of Jaffna library in 1981 and Black July in 1983 finally led to over 25 years of war between the Sri Lankan army and the Tamil Tigers, in which both sides committed numerous atrocities.
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (தமிழீழ விடுதலைப் புலிகள், දෙමළ ඊළාම් විමුක්ති කොටි, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) was a Tamil militant organisation that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka.

Black July

1983 riotsBlack July riots1983 Anti-Tamil pogrom
The burning of Jaffna library in 1981 and Black July in 1983 finally led to over 25 years of war between the Sri Lankan army and the Tamil Tigers, in which both sides committed numerous atrocities.
Black July (கறுப்பு யூலை; කළු ජූලිය Kalu Juliya) is the common name used to refer to the anti-Tamil pogrom and riots in Sri Lanka during July 1983.

Sri Lankan Civil War

civil warethnic conflictcivil war in Sri Lanka
This Sri Lankan civil war led to death of over 100,000 people, according to the United Nations.
Beginning on 23 July 1983, there was an intermittent insurgency against the government by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (the LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers), which fought to create an independent Tamil state called Tamil Eelam in the north and the east of the island.

Alagakkonara

Nissanka Alagakkonara
The Aryacakaravarthi expansion into the south was halted by Akalesvara Alagakkonara, the descendant of a powerful feudal family from Kanchipuram that migrated to Sri Lanka around the 13th century and converted to Buddhism.
Although some historian say that the family was of Tamil origin originated from Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu, India.

Tamil Muslim

Tamil MuslimsMuslimIndian Muslim
Although most Tamils are Hindus, many, especially those in the rural areas practice what is considered to be Dravidian folk religion, venerating a plethora of village deities; while a sizeable number are Muslims and Christians.
Tamil Muslims (, or ) are Tamils who practise Islam.

Vedda

Vedda peopleVeddasVeddah
The indigenous Veddhas of Sri Lanka have similar genetic profiles to Adivasi people of South India.
A craniometric study by Raghavan et al. show that they are closely related to other groups in Sri Lanka and India, especially to Sinhalese and Tamils.

Dravidian folk religion

DravidianDravidian ReligionDravidian religions
Although most Tamils are Hindus, many, especially those in the rural areas practice what is considered to be Dravidian folk religion, venerating a plethora of village deities; while a sizeable number are Muslims and Christians.
A hero stone, known as “Natukal” by Tamils and “Virgal” by Kannadigas, is a memorial commemorating the honorable death of a hero in battle.

Roman commerce

Roman merchantsRoman commercialbulk commodity trade
Large quantities of Roman coins and signs of the presence of Roman traders have been discovered at Karur and Arikamedu.
The main trading partners in southern India were the Tamil dynasties of the Pandyas, Cholas and Cheras.