Tang Jiyao

Tang Jiyao (August 14, 1883 – May 23, 1927) was a Chinese general and warlord of Yunnan during the Warlord Era of early Republican China.wikipedia
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History of the Republic of China

Republic of ChinaHistory of Republic of ChinaRepublican China
Tang Jiyao (August 14, 1883 – May 23, 1927) was a Chinese general and warlord of Yunnan during the Warlord Era of early Republican China.
On 25 December former Yunnan governor Cai E, former Jiangxi governor Li Liejun and Yunnan Gen. Tang Jiyao formed the National Protection Army and declared Yunnan independent.

Li Liejun

When Yuan Shikai proclaimed himself emperor of China in December 1915, Tang announced the independence of Yunnan with the support of Cai E, Li Liejun and others.
In 1907, he was accepted into the artillery school of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy where his classmates included Yan Xishan, Tang Jiyao and Cheng Qian.

National Protection War

short-lived attempt22 March 1916Anti-Monarchy war
He was a prominent leader of the army against Yuan Shikai during the National Protection War, and with Yuan’s death Tang emerged as one of the most powerful military leaders in southern China and extended his power base into Guangxi and Sichuan provinces.
In Yunnan province military leaders including Tang Jiyao, Cai E and Li Liejun declared their independence and launched military expeditions against Yuan Shikai.

Tokyo Shinbu Gakko

Tokyo Shimbu GakkoTokyo Shimbu AcademyTokyo Shimbu Military Academy
He passed the Imperial examination in 1903 and was selected by the Qing government to study military theory at Tokyo Shimbu Gakko in Japan the following year.

Cai E

Cai ErChoi NgokChoi Ock
In 1911, under the command of Gen. Cai E, he participated in the Wuchang Uprising, which marked the start of the Xinhai Revolution that eventually toppled the Qing dynasty.
Tang Jiyao replaced Cai E as Military Governor of Yunnan in 1913.

Xinhai Revolution

1911 RevolutionChinese RevolutionChinese Revolution of 1911
In 1911, under the command of Gen. Cai E, he participated in the Wuchang Uprising, which marked the start of the Xinhai Revolution that eventually toppled the Qing dynasty.
On 30 October, Li Genyuan of the Tongmenghui in Yunnan joined with Cai E, Luo Peijin, Tang Jiyao, and other officers of the New Army to launch the Double Ninth Uprising .

Warlord Era

warlordswarlordwarlordism
Tang Jiyao (August 14, 1883 – May 23, 1927) was a Chinese general and warlord of Yunnan during the Warlord Era of early Republican China.
The Yunnan–Guangxi War broke out as Tang Jiyao tried to claim party leadership.

Guangxi

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous RegionGuangxi ProvinceKwangsi
He was a prominent leader of the army against Yuan Shikai during the National Protection War, and with Yuan’s death Tang emerged as one of the most powerful military leaders in southern China and extended his power base into Guangxi and Sichuan provinces.
After the death of Sun Yat-sen, Li also repulsed Tang Jiyao's revolt and joined the Northern Expedition establishing control over other warlords by the Republic of China (1912–49).

Constitutional Protection Movement

Constitutional Protection WarConstitutional ProtectionSecond Constitutional Protection Movement
After Cai E died in 1916, Tang helped Sun Yat-Sen set up the Constitutional Protection Movement in 1917 and started his own party, the People's Party, while remaining a member of Sun's Kuomintang.
They selected the leaders of the National Protection War Tang Jiyao of the Yunnan clique and Lu Rongting of the Old Guangxi clique as marshals, Wu Tingfang as the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Tang Shaoyi as the Minister of Finance (abstained), Cheng Biguang as the Naval Minister, and Hu Hanmin as the Minister of Communications.

Yunnan–Guangxi War

Yunnan-Guangxi Warinterprovincial warrevolt
Tang then invaded Guangdong and Guangxi but was defeated by Li Zongren in the Yunnan-Guangxi War.
On 18 March 1925--six days after Sun's death--Tang Jiyao, leader of the Yunnan clique, claimed to be the rightful leader of the Kuomintang against acting generalissimo Hu Hanmin and party executives.

Yuan shuai

MarshalTen MarshalsMarshal of the People's Republic of China
When Sun Yat-sen was appointed Grand Marshal of the military government in Guangzhou, Tang Jiyao was promoted to the rank of Marshal.

Long Yun

Long (Lung) Yun
He died of illness in May 1927 in Kunming, one month after he was ousted by Hu Ruoyu and Long Yun in a military coup and lost all of his power in Yunnan.
He served in Tang Jiyao's Yunnan Army for years until February 1927, when he, together with Hu Ruoyu, launched a coup and expelled Tang from office.

Liu Xianshi

Initially supporting Yuan Shikai and his declaration of the Empire of China, Liu joined Cai E and Tang Jiyao a month after the start of the National Protection War in rebelling against Yuan.

China Zhi Gong Party

China Public Interest PartyZhi Gong PartyChina Party for Public Interest
Tang later became vice premier of Chen Jiongming's China Public Interest Party.
The party was founded on October 1925 in San Francisco, and was led by Chen Jiongming and Tang Jiyao, two ex-Kuomintang warlords that went into opposition.

Kunming

Kunming, ChinaKunming CityKunming, Yunnan
Tang Jiyao was described in colorful ways in two books by French journalist and novelist Lucien Bodard, i.e. "Monsieur le consul" ("The French Consul", 1973) and "Le fils du consul" ("The Consul's Son", 1975), based on his recollections when he was a child with his father, Albert Bodard, who was Consul of France, successively in Chengdu and in Yunnanfu (later called Kunming).

Hu Ruoyu

He died of illness in May 1927 in Kunming, one month after he was ousted by Hu Ruoyu and Long Yun in a military coup and lost all of his power in Yunnan.
During the Warlord Era Hu was a member of the Yunnan clique, one of whose actions was to expel Yunnan Gov. Tang Jiyao from office.

Chen Jiongming

Ch'en Chiung-MingChen Chiung-mingChen Jiong Ming
Tang later became vice premier of Chen Jiongming's China Public Interest Party.
With the help of Tang Jiyao, the KMT retook Guangzhou in 1923.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
Tang Jiyao (August 14, 1883 – May 23, 1927) was a Chinese general and warlord of Yunnan during the Warlord Era of early Republican China.

Warlord

warlordismwarlordsmilitia leader
Tang Jiyao (August 14, 1883 – May 23, 1927) was a Chinese general and warlord of Yunnan during the Warlord Era of early Republican China.

Yunnan

Yunnan ProvinceYunnan, ChinaYunnanese
Tang Jiyao (August 14, 1883 – May 23, 1927) was a Chinese general and warlord of Yunnan during the Warlord Era of early Republican China. Tang was born in Huize county in 1883 in what is Qujing, Yunnan province.

Huize County

HuizeHuize Co.
Tang was born in Huize county in 1883 in what is Qujing, Yunnan province.

Qujing

Qujing CityQujing PrefectureQujing County
Tang was born in Huize county in 1883 in what is Qujing, Yunnan province.

Imperial examination

imperial examinationsjinshicivil service examinations
He passed the Imperial examination in 1903 and was selected by the Qing government to study military theory at Tokyo Shimbu Gakko in Japan the following year.

Qing dynasty

QingQing EmpireChina
He passed the Imperial examination in 1903 and was selected by the Qing government to study military theory at Tokyo Shimbu Gakko in Japan the following year.

Empire of Japan

JapaneseJapanImperial Japan
He passed the Imperial examination in 1903 and was selected by the Qing government to study military theory at Tokyo Shimbu Gakko in Japan the following year.