Tang dynasty

TangTang ChinaTang EmpireTang periodT'ang DynastyTang ChineseChineseTang dynastiesTang-dynastyChina
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an interregnum between 690 and 705.wikipedia
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Wu Zetian

Empress WuEmpress Dowager WuEmpress Wu Zetian
The dynasty was briefly interrupted when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne, proclaiming the Wu Zhou dynasty and becoming the only legitimate Chinese empress regnant. Although she entered Emperor Gaozong's court as the lowly consort Wu Wei Liang, Wu Zetian rose to the highest seat of power in 690, establishing the short-lived Wu Zhou.
Wu Zetian (17 February 624 – 16 December 705), alternatively named Wu Zhao, Wu Hou (Empress Wu), during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, in English as Empress Consort Wu, was a Chinese sovereign who ruled unofficially as empress consort, power behind the throne, and later officially as regent, empress dowager, empress regnant.

House of Li

Li clan of LongxiLǐ family
The Lǐ family (undefined) founded the dynasty, seizing power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire.
The House of Li was the imperial family of the Tang Empire of China.

Chang'an

ChanganChang-AnChang’an
The Tang capital at Chang'an (present-day Xi'an) was the most populous city in the world in its day.
By the time of the Ming dynasty, a new walled city named Xi'an, meaning "Western Peace", was built at the Sui and Tang dynasty city's site, which has remained its name to the present day.

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period

Five Dynasties and Ten KingdomsFive Dynasties periodFive Dynasties
It was preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in Chinese history.
Traditionally, the era started with the fall of the Tang dynasty in 907 AD and reached its climax with the founding of the dominant Song dynasty in 960.

Xi'an

XianXi’anXi'an, China
The Tang capital at Chang'an (present-day Xi'an) was the most populous city in the world in its day.
A sub-provincial city on the Guanzhong Plain in northwest China, it is one of the oldest cities in China, and the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui, and Tang.

Jiedushi

military governormilitary commissionerfrontier military commanders
The rise of regional military governors known as jiedushi during the 9th century undermined this civil order.
The jiedushi were regional military governors in China during the Tang dynasty and the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

Imperial examination

imperial examinationsjinshicivil service examinations
Like the previous Sui dynasty, the Tang dynasty maintained a civil-service system by recruiting scholar-officials through standardized examinations and recommendations to office.
Although the exams had precedents from earlier times their implementation as a tool of recruitment selection only started in earnest during the mid-Tang dynasty.

Han dynasty

Eastern Han dynastyHanWestern Han dynasty
Tang territory, acquired through the military campaigns of its early rulers, rivaled that of the Han dynasty.
The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD).

Du Fu

Tu FuDu Fu Shoufeng PavilionThu Fu
Two of China's most famous poets, Li Bai and Du Fu, belonged to this age, as did many famous painters such as Han Gan, Zhang Xuan, and Zhou Fang.
Du Fu (Wade–Giles: Tu Fu; ; 712 – 770) was a prominent Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty.

Emperor Taizong of Tang

Emperor TaizongLi ShiminTaizong
The adoption of the title Khan of Heaven by the Tang emperor Taizong in addition to his title as emperor was eastern Asia's first "simultaneous kingship".
Emperor Taizong of Tang (28January 598 – 10July 649), previously Prince of Qin, personal name Li Shimin, was the second emperor of the Tang dynasty of China, ruling from 626 to 649.

Li Bai

Li PoLi BoRihaku
Two of China's most famous poets, Li Bai and Du Fu, belonged to this age, as did many famous painters such as Han Gan, Zhang Xuan, and Zhou Fang.
He and his friend Du Fu (712–770) were the two most prominent figures in the flourishing of Chinese poetry in the Tang dynasty, which is often called the "Golden Age of Chinese Poetry".

Sui dynasty

SuiSui ChinaSui Empire
It was preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in Chinese history. Like the previous Sui dynasty, the Tang dynasty maintained a civil-service system by recruiting scholar-officials through standardized examinations and recommendations to office.
It was succeeded by the Tang dynasty, which largely inherited its foundation.

Emperor Wuzong of Tang

Emperor WuzongWuzongWu Zong
However, in the 840s the Emperor Wuzong of Tang enacted policies to persecute Buddhism, which subsequently declined in influence.
Emperor Wuzong of Tang (July 2, 814 – April 22, 846), né Li Chan, later changed to Li Yan just before his death, was an emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, reigning from 840 to 846.

Dynasties in Chinese history

dynastydynastiesChinese dynasties
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an interregnum between 690 and 705.
The Tang dynasty that superseded the Sui launched a decade-long military campaign to reunify China proper.

Emperor Gaozu of Tang

Emperor GaozuLi YuanGaozu
The Tang Emperors also had Xianbei maternal ancestry, from Emperor Gaozu of Tang's Xianbei mother, Duchess Dugu.
Emperor Gaozu of Tang (7 April 566 – 25 June 635), born Li Yuan, courtesy name Shude, was the founder of the Tang dynasty of China, and the first emperor of this dynasty from 618 to 626.

Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution

Huichang persecutionpersecutionAnti-Buddhist Persecution of 845
However, in the 840s the Emperor Wuzong of Tang enacted policies to persecute Buddhism, which subsequently declined in influence.
The Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution initiated by Tang Emperor Wuzong reached its height in the year 845 CE.

Taiyuan

JinyangTaiyuan, ChinaTaiyuan Prefecture
Li Yuan was Duke of Tang and governor of Taiyuan, modern Shanxi, during the Sui dynasty's collapse, which was caused in part by the Sui failure to conquer the northern part of the Korean peninsula during the Goguryeo–Sui War.
During the Tang dynasty and subsequent Five Dynasties, the status of the city of Taiyuan was elevated to be the Northern Capital, hence the name Běidū, and Běijīng (北京, different from present-day Beijing).

Woodblock printing

woodblock printwoodblock printsblock printing
Many notable innovations occurred under the Tang, including the development of woodblock printing.
Woodblock printing existed in Tang China during the 7th century AD and remained the most common East Asian method of printing books and other texts, as well as images, until the 19th century.

Zhou dynasty (690–705)

Zhou dynastyWu ZhouZhou
The dynasty was briefly interrupted when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne, proclaiming the Wu Zhou dynasty and becoming the only legitimate Chinese empress regnant. The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an interregnum between 690 and 705.
Historians generally view the Wu Zhou as an interregnum of the Tang dynasty.

Temple name

temple namesfull titleknown posthumously
He is conventionally known by his temple name Taizong.
Among modern historians, referencing Chinese monarchs from the Tang to the Yuan dynasties, Korean rulers of the Goryeo (until 1274) and Joseon dynasties, and Vietnamese sovereigns from the Lý to Later Lê dynasties (excluding the Hồ and Later Trần dynasties) by their temple names is a common practice.

Protectorate

British Protectorateprotectionprotectorates
Various kingdoms and states paid tribute to the Tang court, while the Tang also conquered or subdued several regions which it indirectly controlled through a protectorate system.

Li Yuanji

Lei Yuen GatLee WongilYuanji
In a violent elimination of royal family due to fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushed and killed two of his brothers, Li Yuanji (b.
Li Yuanji (603 – 2 July 626 ), formally Prince La of Chao, more commonly known by the title of Prince of Qi, nickname Sanhu, was an imperial prince of the Chinese Tang Dynasty.

Three Kingdoms of Korea

Three KingdomsThree Kingdoms periodKorea
Besides political hegemony, the Tang also exerted a powerful cultural influence over neighboring East Asian states such as those in Japan and Korea.
In the 7th century, allied with China under the Tang dynasty, Silla unified the Korean Peninsula for the first time in Korean history, forming a united Korean national identity for the first time.

Chancellor of the Tang dynasty

chancellorchancellorsTang dynasty chancellor
This was during the Tang campaign against the Eastern Turks, a Turkic Khaganate that was destroyed after the capture of its ruler, Illig Qaghan by the famed Tang military officer Li Jing (571–649); who later became a Chancellor of the Tang dynasty.
The chancellor was a semi-formally designated office position for a number of high-level officials at one time during the Tang dynasty.

Emperor Gaozong of Tang

Emperor GaozongGaozongLi Zhi
Although she entered Emperor Gaozong's court as the lowly consort Wu Wei Liang, Wu Zetian rose to the highest seat of power in 690, establishing the short-lived Wu Zhou.
Emperor Gaozong of Tang (21 July 628 – 27 December 683 ), personal name Li Zhi, was the third emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, ruling from 649 to 683 (although after January 665 power and governance was primarily in the hands of his second wife Empress Wu, later known as Wu Zetian).