Tanganyika

Republic of TanganyikamainlandTanzania Mainland Tanganyika a sovereign stateTanganyika TerritoryTanganyikan Tanganyika (territory)British colonial authoritiesMainland Tansania
Tanganyika was a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania, that existed from 1961 until 1964.wikipedia
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Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
Tanganyika was a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania, that existed from 1961 until 1964. After signing the Articles of Union on 22 April 1964 and passing an Act of Union on 25 April, Tanganyika officially joined with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar on Union Day, 26 April 1964.
The mainland was governed as Tanganyika, with the Zanzibar Archipelago remaining a separate colonial jurisdiction.

People's Republic of Zanzibar

People's Republic of Zanzibar and PembaZanzibarRepublic of Zanzibar and Pemba
After signing the Articles of Union on 22 April 1964 and passing an Act of Union on 25 April, Tanganyika officially joined with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar on Union Day, 26 April 1964.
It existed for less than a year before it merged with Tanganyika to create the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which would be renamed to Tanzania in October of that year.

Tanganyika (territory)

TanganyikaTanganyika TerritoryBritish Tanganyika
Tanganyika originally consisted of the Tanganyika Territory, the British share of German East Africa, which the British took under a League of Nations Mandate in 1922, and which was later transformed into a United Nations Trust Territory after World War II.
In 1961, Tanganyika gained its independence from the UK as Tanganyika.

Queen of Tanganyika

The British monarch Elizabeth II remained head of state as Queen of Tanganyika and Tanganyika shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms.
From 1961 to 1962, Tanganyika was an independent sovereign state with Elizabeth II as its queen.

Public holidays in Tanzania

Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume DayUnion DayUnion Day (Tanzania)
After signing the Articles of Union on 22 April 1964 and passing an Act of Union on 25 April, Tanganyika officially joined with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar on Union Day, 26 April 1964.

Burundi

Republic of BurundiBurundianUrundi
The next largest share of German East Africa was taken into Belgian trusteeship, eventually becoming present-day Rwanda and Burundi.
The German East Africa Company transferred its rights to the German Empire in 1891, in this way establishing the German colony of German East Africa, which included Burundi (Urundi), Rwanda (Ruanda), and the mainland part of Tanzania (formerly known as Tanganyika).

Julius Nyerere

NyerereJulius Kambarage NyererePresident Nyerere
Tanganyika then became a republic within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as President of Tanganyika.
He governed Tanganyika as Prime Minister from 1961 to 1962 and then as President from 1963 to 1964, after which he led its successor state, Tanzania, as President from 1964 to 1985.

Tanganyika African National Union

TANUTanganyika African National Union PartyTanganyikan African National Union
Tanganyika adopted a new constitution in 1962 that abolished the monarchy, with the National Assembly (the majority of whom were members of the Tanganyika African National Union Party) drastically revising the new Constitution to favor a strong executive branch of government, namely a president.
The Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) was the principal political party in the struggle for sovereignty in the East African state of Tanganyika (now Tanzania).

States headed by Elizabeth II

states headed by Queen Elizabeth II7 Statesdifferent independent states
It first gained independence from the United Kingdom on 9 December 1961 as a state headed by Queen Elizabeth II before becoming a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations a year later.

National Assembly (Tanzania)

Member of ParliamentNational AssemblyTanzanian Parliament
Tanganyika adopted a new constitution in 1962 that abolished the monarchy, with the National Assembly (the majority of whom were members of the Tanganyika African National Union Party) drastically revising the new Constitution to favor a strong executive branch of government, namely a president.
The National Assembly of Tanzania was formed as the Legislative Council of Tanzania Mainland – then known as Tanganyika – in 1926.

List of heads of state of Tanzania

President of TanzaniaPresidentPresident of Tanganyika
Tanganyika then became a republic within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as President of Tanganyika. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Tanganyika.
This is a list of the heads of state of Tanzania, from the independence of Tanganyika in 1961 to the present day.

Postage stamps and postal history of Tanganyika

Tanganyika
This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of the Tanganyika under British mandate.

Dar es Salaam

Dar-es-SalaamDar es Salaam RegionDar es Salaam, Tanzania
Political developments, including the formation and growth of the Tanganyika African National Union, led to Tanganyika attaining independence from colonial rule in December 1961.

Tanganyika laughter epidemic

The Tanganyika laughter epidemic of 1962 was an outbreak of mass hysteria – or mass psychogenic illness (MPI) – rumored to have occurred in or near the village of Kashasha on the western coast of Lake Victoria in the modern nation of Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika) near the border with Uganda.

Mungu ibariki Afrika

National anthem of TanzaniaMungu Ibariki AfricaTanzania
"Mungu ibariki Afrika" was translated and became the state anthem of Tanganyika.

East African shilling

shillingshillingsproposed for 2024
The East African shilling was introduced to Kenya, Tanganyika, and Uganda in 1921, replacing the short-lived East African florin at a rate of 2 shillings to 1 florin.

Republics in the Commonwealth of Nations

Commonwealth republicrepublic within the Commonwealthrepublic
Tanganyika then became a republic within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as President of Tanganyika.
2. The United Republic of Tanzania was formed in 1964 from the merger of Tanganyika, which had gained independence in 1961 and became a republic in 1962, and Zanzibar, which had gained independence in 1963.

Commonwealth realm

Commonwealth realmsrealmsCommonwealth
The British monarch Elizabeth II remained head of state as Queen of Tanganyika and Tanganyika shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms.

Zanzibar

ZanzibariZanzibar, TanzaniaCommittee of Six
In April 1964, the republic merged with mainland Tanganyika.

Swahili language

SwahiliKiswahiliKiswahili language
In June 1928, an interterritorial conference attended by representatives of Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, and Zanzibar took place in Mombasa.

Richard Turnbull (colonial governor)

Richard TurnbullRichard Gordon TurnbullSir Richard Turnbull
At the end of 1961, Tanganyika became independent with Nyerere as prime minister and Turnbull as governor-general.

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
Tanganyika was a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania, that existed from 1961 until 1964.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
It first gained independence from the United Kingdom on 9 December 1961 as a state headed by Queen Elizabeth II before becoming a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations a year later.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
It first gained independence from the United Kingdom on 9 December 1961 as a state headed by Queen Elizabeth II before becoming a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations a year later.

German East Africa

East AfricaGerman colonial ruleGerman
Tanganyika originally consisted of the Tanganyika Territory, the British share of German East Africa, which the British took under a League of Nations Mandate in 1922, and which was later transformed into a United Nations Trust Territory after World War II.