Tanganyika (territory)

TanganyikaTanganyika TerritoryBritish TanganyikaGovernor of TanganyikaTanganyika under BritainTanganyikanTrust Territory of Tanganyika Tanganyika[British] Administering AuthorityAnglican Bishop of Central Tanganyika
Tanganyika was a territory located on the continent of Africa, and administered by the United Kingdom from 1916 until 1961.wikipedia
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United Nations trust territories

United Nations Trust TerritoryUN Trust TerritoryTrust Territory
From 1946, it was administered by the UK as a United Nations trust territory.

League of Nations mandate

mandatemandatesmandate territory
From 20 July 1922, British administration was formalised by Tanganyika being created a British League of Nations mandate.

Tanganyika

Republic of TanganyikamainlandTanzania Mainland
In 1961, Tanganyika gained its independence from the UK as Tanganyika.
Tanganyika originally consisted of the Tanganyika Territory, the British share of German East Africa, which the British took under a League of Nations Mandate in 1922, and which was later transformed into a United Nations Trust Territory after World War II.

German East Africa

East AfricaGerman colonial ruleGerman
Before the end of World War I, the territory was part of the German colony of German East Africa (GEA). In 1885, the German Empire declared its intent to establish a protectorate in the area, named German East Africa (GEA), under the leadership of Carl Peters.
Also on that date, "Tanganyika" became the name of the British territory.

East African Community

EACEast African Community AffairsEast African
Cooperation expanded with those protectorates and, later, countries in a number of ways, leading to the establishment of the East African High Commission (1948–1961) and the East African Common Services Organisation (1961–1967), forerunners of the East African Community.
Inter-territorial co-operation between the Kenya Colony, the Uganda Protectorate, and the Tanganyika Territory was formalised in 1948 by the EAHC.

East Africa High Commission

East African High CommissionCentral Legislative Assembly
Cooperation expanded with those protectorates and, later, countries in a number of ways, leading to the establishment of the East African High Commission (1948–1961) and the East African Common Services Organisation (1961–1967), forerunners of the East African Community.
The East Africa High Commission (EAHC) was an international organisation which existed between 1 January 1948 and 9 December 1961 with the intention of providing common services to the British-administered Uganda, Kenya and Tanganyika.

Dar es Salaam

Dar-es-SalaamDar es Salaam RegionDar es Salaam, Tanzania
German East Africa was captured by the British during World War I and became Tanganyika with Dar es Salaam remaining the administrative and commercial centre.

List of governors of Tanganyika

Governor of TanganyikaList of colonial heads of TanganyikaGovernor
*List of colonial heads of Tanganyika
The British territory of Tanganyika was established on 20 July 1922, when Britain acquired a mandate to administer the region as a result of Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations.

Kionga Triangle

Quiongaa small area
Apart from Rwanda and Burundi (assigned to Belgium) and the small Kionga Triangle (assigned to Portuguese Mozambique), the territory was transferred to British control.
The post-war Treaty of Versailles reaffirmed that the river was the border between Tanganyika, now under British control, and Portuguese Mozambique.

Julius Nyerere

NyerereJulius Kambarage NyererePresident Nyerere
The following year a presidential election was held, with TANU leader Julius Nyerere emerging victorious.
To the trusteeship council he said that: "with your help and with the help of the [[Tanganyika (territory)|[British] Administering Authority]] we would be governing ourselves long before twenty to twenty-five years."

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
Tanganyika was a territory located on the continent of Africa, and administered by the United Kingdom from 1916 until 1961.

Royal Navy

RNBritish NavyBritish Royal Navy
The UK initially administered the territory as an occupying power with the Royal Navy and British Indian infantry seizing the territory from the Germans in 1916.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Before the end of World War I, the territory was part of the German colony of German East Africa (GEA).

African Great Lakes

Great LakesGreat Lakes regionGreat Lakes region of Africa
The German leader in the African Great Lakes, Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, did not surrender until notified about the Armistice of 11 November 1918 that ended the war.

Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck

Paul Emil von Lettow-VorbeckLettow-Vorbeckvon Lettow-Vorbeck
The German leader in the African Great Lakes, Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, did not surrender until notified about the Armistice of 11 November 1918 that ended the war.

Armistice of 11 November 1918

ArmisticeArmistice with Germany1918 Armistice with Germany
The German leader in the African Great Lakes, Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, did not surrender until notified about the Armistice of 11 November 1918 that ended the war.

League of Nations

The League of NationsCouncil of the League of NationsLeague
After this, the League of Nations formalised the UK's control of the area, who renamed it "Tanganyika".

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The UK held Tanganyika as a League of Nations mandate until the end of World War II after which it was held as a United Nations trust territory.

United Nations

UNU.N.the United Nations
The UK held Tanganyika as a League of Nations mandate until the end of World War II after which it was held as a United Nations trust territory.

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
Tanganyika now forms part of the modern-day sovereign state of Tanzania.

Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
Tanganyika now forms part of the modern-day sovereign state of Tanzania.

Swahili language

SwahiliKiswahiliKiswahili language
The name "Tanganyika" is derived from the Swahili words tanga ("sail") and nyika ("uninhabited plain", "wilderness").

Lake Tanganyika

TanganyikaLakes Tanganyikalake
It might, therefore, be understood as a description of using Lake Tanganyika: "sail in the wilderness".

Zanzibar

ZanzibariZanzibar, TanzaniaCommittee of Six
In the second half of the 19th century, European explorers and colonialists traveled through the African interior from Zanzibar.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
In 1885, the German Empire declared its intent to establish a protectorate in the area, named German East Africa (GEA), under the leadership of Carl Peters.