Taraxacum

dandeliondandelionsdandelion greensdandelion leavesDandelion Rootdandelion seedscicoriaDandelion greenDandelion leafDandelion Plant
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Taraxacum erythrospermum

T. erythrospermum
The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers.
Taraxacum erythrospermum, known by the common name red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion found in much of North America, but most commonly in the north.

False dandelion

Many similar plants in the family Asteraceae with yellow flowers are sometimes known as false dandelions.
False dandelion is a common name for a number of plants similar to dandelions.

Hieracium

hawkweedHawkweedsHieracia
Other plants with superficially similar flowers include hawkweeds (Hieracium) and hawksbeards (Crepis).
is a genus of the sunflower (Helianthus) family Asteraceae), and closely related to dandelion (Taraxacum), chicory (Cichorium), prickly lettuce (Lactuca) and sow thistle (Sonchus),

Crepis

hawksbeardCrepis sanctahawk's beard
Other plants with superficially similar flowers include hawkweeds (Hieracium) and hawksbeards (Crepis).
Crepis, commonly known in some parts of the world as hawksbeard or hawk's-beard (but not to be confused with the related genus Hieracium with a similar common name), is a genus of annual and perennial flowering plants of the family Asteraceae superficially resembling the dandelion, the most conspicuous difference being that Crepis usually has branching scapes with multiple heads (though solitary heads can occur).

Taraxacum albidum

Taraxacum albidum is a species of dandelion that grows in eastern Eurasia.

Apomixis

apomicticagamospermyapogamy
Many Taraxacum species produce seeds asexually by apomixis, where the seeds are produced without pollination, resulting in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent plant.
Examples of apomixis can be found in the genera Crataegus (hawthorns), Amelanchier (shadbush), Sorbus (rowans and whitebeams), Rubus (brambles or blackberries), Poa (meadow grasses), Nardus stricta (Matgrass), Hieracium (hawkweeds) and Taraxacum (dandelions).

Taraxacum kok-saghyz

kok-saghyz
Taraxacum kok-saghyz, often abbreviated as TKS and commonly referred to as the Kazakh dandelion, rubber root, or Russian dandelion, is a species of dandelion native to Kazakhstan, Kirghizia and Uzbekistan, that is notable for its production of high quality rubber.

Asteraceae

daisy familysunflower familydisc floret
Many similar plants in the family Asteraceae with yellow flowers are sometimes known as false dandelions. Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.
It may sometimes be winged or spiny because the pappus, which is derived from calyx tissue often remains on the fruit (for example in dandelion).

Taproot

tap roottaprootstap-root
The species of Taraxacum are tap-rooted, perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere.
Among weeds with taproots dandelions are typical; being deep-rooted, they are hard to uproot and if the taproot breaks off near the top, the part that stays in the ground often resprouts such that, for effective control, the taproot needs to be severed at least several centimetres below ground level.

Taraxacum californicum

Taraxacum californicum, also known as the California dandelion, is an endangered species of dandelion endemic to the San Bernardino Mountains of California.

Tussilago

Tussilago farfaracoltsfootCineraria farfara
Early-flowering dandelions may be distinguished from coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) by their basal rosette of leaves, their lack of disc florets, and the absence of scales on the flowering stem.
The flowers, which superficially resemble dandelions, bear scale-leaves on the long stems in early spring before the leaves appear.

Taraxacum laevigatum

Taraxacum laevigatum, the rock dandelion or red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion that grows in Europe, including Britain.

Pappus (botany)

pappuspappus bristlespappi
Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hair-like material which enables wind-aided dispersal over long distances. The seeds are able to cover large distances when dispersed due to the unique morphology of the pappus which works to create a unique type of vortex ring that stays attached to the seed rather than being sent downstream.
In species such as Dandelion or Eupatorium, feathery bristles of the pappus function as a "parachute" which enables the seed to be carried by the wind.

Taraxacum farinosum

Taraxacum farinosum, common name in Turkish cırtlık, is a type of perennial dandelion that grows between 800–1200 m on salty soils in central Turkey.

Taraxacum mirabile

Taraxacum mirabile is a type of dandelion that grows between 800 and 1300 meters on salty soils (especially endemic in Lake Tuz ) in northern and central Turkey.

Taraxacum centrasiaticum

Taraxacum centrasiaticum is a rare and little-known species of dandelion known only from alpine meadows at an elevation of 3400 – in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of western China.

Asexual reproduction

asexualasexuallyreproduce asexually
Many Taraxacum species produce seeds asexually by apomixis, where the seeds are produced without pollination, resulting in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent plant.
An example of an apomictic plant would be the triploid European dandelion.

Taraxacum platycarpum

Korean dandelion
Taraxacum platycarpum, also called Korean dandelion, is a species of dandelion that grows in Korea.

Taraxacum japonicum

Taraxacum japonicum is a species of dandelion that grows in Japan.

Taraxacum officinale

dandelioncommon dandelionTaraxacum vulgare
The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers.
Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).

Vortex ring

Air vortex ringsdoughnut-shaped air vorticesring vortices
The seeds are able to cover large distances when dispersed due to the unique morphology of the pappus which works to create a unique type of vortex ring that stays attached to the seed rather than being sent downstream.
There has been research and experiments on the existence of separated vortex rings (SVR) such as those formed in the wake of the pappus of a dandelion.

Achene

achenesutricleutricles
The flower heads mature into spherical seed heads sometimes called blowballs or clocks (in both British and American English) containing many single-seeded fruits called achenes.
Many cypselas (e.g. dandelion) have calyx tissue attached that functions in biological dispersal of the seed.

Slovenian cuisine

SlovenianSloveniaCuisine of Slovenia
Dandelion leaves and buds have been a part of traditional Kashmiri cuisine, Albanian cuisine, Slovenian, Sephardic Jewish, Chinese, Greek cuisine and Korean cuisines.
Dandelion is popular as a salad ingredient in Slovenia and has been gathered in the fields for centuries.

Dandelion coffee

Dandelion teaground, roasted roots can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative
Its ground, roasted roots can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative.
Dandelion 'coffee' (also dandelion tea) is a tisane made from the root of the dandelion plant.

Nocturnal enuresis

bedwettingbed wettingbed-wetting
The English folk name "piss-a-bed" (and indeed the equivalent contemporary French pissenlit) refers to the strong diuretic effect of the plant's roots.