Tarnopol Ghetto

TarnopolTernopil (Tarnopol)
The Tarnopol Ghetto (getto w Tarnopolu, Ghetto Tarnopol) was a Jewish World War II ghetto established in 1941 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) in the prewar Polish city of Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine).wikipedia
47 Related Articles

Tarnopol Voivodeship

TarnopoltarnopolskieTarnopol Voivodship
The Tarnopol Ghetto (getto w Tarnopolu, Ghetto Tarnopol) was a Jewish World War II ghetto established in 1941 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) in the prewar Polish city of Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine).
In September 1941, the German occupation authorities established Jewish ghettos in a number of towns including the Tarnopol Ghetto with 12,000–13,000 prisoners.

Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland

GhettoJewish ghettoghettoised Jews
The Tarnopol Ghetto (getto w Tarnopolu, Ghetto Tarnopol) was a Jewish World War II ghetto established in 1941 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) in the prewar Polish city of Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine).

Ukrainian People's Militia

Ukrainian militiaUkrainian militiaslocal militants
The killing of about 1,000 Jews was done by the SS-Sonderkommando 4b attached to Einsatzgruppe C, under the command of Guenther Hermann, (just returning from the massacre in Łuck) with another 600 Jews murdered by the Ukrainian Militia – formed by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – and renamed as the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police the following month.
By 7 August 1941 the stations of Ukrainian People's Militia were established in most areas conquered by the Wehrmacht including prominent formerly Polish cities under the Soviet reign of terror since 1939, such as Lviv (Lwów, Lemberg), Ternopil (Tarnopol), Stanislavov (Stanisławów), Lutsk (Łuck), Rivne, Yavoriv, Kamenetz-Podolsk, Drohobych (Drohobycz), Borislav, Dubno, Sambor, Kostopol, Sarny, Kozovyi, Zolochiv, Berezhany, Pidhaytsi, Kolomyya, Rava-Ruska, Obroshyno, Radekhiv, Gorodok, Kosovo, Terebovlia, Vyshnivtsi, Zbarazh, Zhytomyr and Fastov.

Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust

Polish rescuers of Jewsrescue attemptsaided several Jews
A number of Jews survived the Holocaust by hiding with the Poles.
Deadly pogroms were committed in over 30 locations across formerly Soviet-occupied parts of Poland, including in Brześć, Tarnopol, Białystok, Łuck, Lwów, Stanisławów, and in Wilno where the Jews were murdered along with the Poles in the Ponary massacre at a ratio of 3-to-1.

The Holocaust in Poland

the Holocaust in occupied Polandthe HolocaustHolocaust in Poland
Massacres were committed in over 30 locations across the formerly Soviet-occupied parts of Poland, including in Brześć, Tarnopol, and Białystok, as well as in prewar provincial capitals of Łuck, Lwów, Stanisławów, and Wilno (see Ponary).

Ternopil

TarnopolTernopolTarnopil
The Tarnopol Ghetto (getto w Tarnopolu, Ghetto Tarnopol) was a Jewish World War II ghetto established in 1941 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) in the prewar Polish city of Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine).
On 2 July 1941, the city was occupied by the Nazis who led the Jewish pogrom, and continued exterminating the population by creating the Tarnopol Ghetto.

Polish census of 1931

1931 Polish census1931 census1931 National Census
According to Polish census of 1931, Jews constituted 44% of the city's diverse multicultural makeup.

Soviet invasion of Poland

invaded Polandinvasion of PolandSoviet invasion
At the time of the Soviet invasion there were 18,000 Jews living in the provincial capital.

Operation Barbarossa

German invasion of the Soviet Unioninvasion of the Soviet UnionGerman invasion
The first week-long killing spree of 1,600–2,000 Jews occurred a few days after Tarnopol was occupied by the German army at the beginning of Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union.

Wehrmacht

German ArmyGermanGerman forces
Tarnopol was occupied by the Wehrmacht on July 2 1941.

NKVD prisoner massacres

NKVD massacres of prisonersmassacres of prisoners killed more than 1,000 prisoners in June/July 1941
Immediately afterwards, up to 1,000 dead bodies of political prisoners murdered by the NKVD were discovered at the Tarnopol prison and 1,000 more in nearby towns.

Jewish Bolshevism

Judeo-BolshevismJewish BolshevikJewish-Bolshevik
In accordance with the Nazi Judeo-Bolshevism canard, the Germans declared the Jews responsible for the Soviet atrocities.

Pogrom

pogromsanti-Jewish riotsList of events named pogrom
A pogrom broke out two days later and lasted from July 4 1941 until July 11 1941, with homes destroyed, synagogue burned and Jews killed indiscriminately, estimated at 1,600 (Yad Vashem) at various locations including inside prison, at the Gurfein School, and at the synagogue set on fire afterwards.

Yad Vashem

International Institute for Holocaust ResearchYad Vashem InstituteYad Vashem Studies
A pogrom broke out two days later and lasted from July 4 1941 until July 11 1941, with homes destroyed, synagogue burned and Jews killed indiscriminately, estimated at 1,600 (Yad Vashem) at various locations including inside prison, at the Gurfein School, and at the synagogue set on fire afterwards.

Schutzstaffel

SSßNazi SS
The Tarnopol Ghetto (getto w Tarnopolu, Ghetto Tarnopol) was a Jewish World War II ghetto established in 1941 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) in the prewar Polish city of Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine). The killing of about 1,000 Jews was done by the SS-Sonderkommando 4b attached to Einsatzgruppe C, under the command of Guenther Hermann, (just returning from the massacre in Łuck) with another 600 Jews murdered by the Ukrainian Militia – formed by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – and renamed as the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police the following month.

Sonderkommando

Sonderkommandosdeath detachmentforced to work
The killing of about 1,000 Jews was done by the SS-Sonderkommando 4b attached to Einsatzgruppe C, under the command of Guenther Hermann, (just returning from the massacre in Łuck) with another 600 Jews murdered by the Ukrainian Militia – formed by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – and renamed as the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police the following month.

Einsatzgruppen

EinsatzgruppeEinsatzgruppe AEinsatzgruppe B
The killing of about 1,000 Jews was done by the SS-Sonderkommando 4b attached to Einsatzgruppe C, under the command of Guenther Hermann, (just returning from the massacre in Łuck) with another 600 Jews murdered by the Ukrainian Militia – formed by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – and renamed as the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police the following month.

Lutsk Ghetto

Łuck GhettoŁuckLutsk
The killing of about 1,000 Jews was done by the SS-Sonderkommando 4b attached to Einsatzgruppe C, under the command of Guenther Hermann, (just returning from the massacre in Łuck) with another 600 Jews murdered by the Ukrainian Militia – formed by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – and renamed as the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police the following month.

Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists

OUNOUN-BUkrainian nationalists
The killing of about 1,000 Jews was done by the SS-Sonderkommando 4b attached to Einsatzgruppe C, under the command of Guenther Hermann, (just returning from the massacre in Łuck) with another 600 Jews murdered by the Ukrainian Militia – formed by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – and renamed as the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police the following month.

Ukrainian Auxiliary Police

Ukrainische HilfspolizeiUkrainianUkrainian auxiliaries
The killing of about 1,000 Jews was done by the SS-Sonderkommando 4b attached to Einsatzgruppe C, under the command of Guenther Hermann, (just returning from the massacre in Łuck) with another 600 Jews murdered by the Ukrainian Militia – formed by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – and renamed as the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police the following month.

German Army (1935–1945)

German ArmyArmyArmy (Wehrmacht)
Some 500 Jews were murdered in the suburbs on the grounds of the Ternopil's Christian cemetery using weapons handed out by the German army.

Holy orders

ordainedordinationorders
According to interviews conducted in Ukraine by a Roman Catholic priest, Father Patrick Desbois from Yahad-In Unum, some of the victims were decapitated.

Patrick Desbois

According to interviews conducted in Ukraine by a Roman Catholic priest, Father Patrick Desbois from Yahad-In Unum, some of the victims were decapitated.

Yahad-In Unum

Yahad -In UnumYahad in unum
According to interviews conducted in Ukraine by a Roman Catholic priest, Father Patrick Desbois from Yahad-In Unum, some of the victims were decapitated.

Judenrat

Jewish CouncilJudenräteCouncil of Elders
The German authorities ordered the creation of a Judenrat with 60 members.