Tattva

tattvasTattwasfive elementsHinduHindu elementsTattva symbols
Tattva is a Sanskrit word meaning 'thatness', 'principle', 'reality' or 'truth'.wikipedia
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Samkhya

SankhyaSāṃkhyaSāṅkhya
The Samkhya philosophy uses a system of 25 tattvas, while Shaivism recognises 36 tattvas.
The enumeration of tattvas in Samkhya is also found in Taittiriya Upanishad, Aitareya Upanishad and Yajnavalkya–Maitri dialogue in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad.

Pancha Tattva (Vaishnavism)

Pancha Tattva
In Gaudiya Vaishnava philosophy there are a total of five primary tattvas described in terms of living beings, which are collectively known as the Pancha Tattva and described as follows:
Pancha Tattva (Devanagari: पञ्चतत्त्व; IAST: pañca-tattva, from Sanskrit pañca meaning "five" and tattva "truth" or "reality") in the Gaudiya Vaishnava or Krishnaist tradition refers specifically to the Five aspects of God or Absolute Truth.

Tattva vision

They were probably derived from the elements, or Tattva [also known as Tattwas], of the Samkhya version of Hindu Philosophy.

Sanskrit

Sanskrit languageClassical SanskritSkt.
Tattva is a Sanskrit word meaning 'thatness', 'principle', 'reality' or 'truth'.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
According to various Indian schools of philosophy, a tattva is an element or aspect of reality.

Philosophy

philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
According to various Indian schools of philosophy, a tattva is an element or aspect of reality.

Classical element

four elementsclassical elementselements
According to various Indian schools of philosophy, a tattva is an element or aspect of reality.

Reality

real worldrealreality-based
According to various Indian schools of philosophy, a tattva is an element or aspect of reality.

Deity

deitiesgodsgod
In some traditions, they are conceived as an aspect of deity.

Experience

experiencesexperiencedexperiential
Although the number of tattvas varies depending on the philosophical school, together they are thought to form the basis of all our experience.

Shaivism

ShaivaShaiviteSaivite
The Samkhya philosophy uses a system of 25 tattvas, while Shaivism recognises 36 tattvas.

Abhidharma

AbhidhammadharmasSarvastivada Abhidharma
In Buddhism, the equivalent is the list of dhammas which constitute reality.

Jain philosophy

Jain philosophersJainJain philosophical
Jain philosophy can be described in various ways, but the most acceptable tradition is to describe it in terms of the Tattvas or fundamentals.

Jain literature

Jain textJain textsJain scriptures
According to major Jain text, Tattvarthsutra, these are:

Tattvartha Sutra

TattvārthasūtraTattvarthasutraTattvarthsutra
According to major Jain text, Tattvarthsutra, these are:

Namarupa

Nāmarūpanāma-rūpamentality-materiality
Early Buddhist philosophy used several lists, such as namarupa and the five skandhas, to analyse reality.