A report on Tax

Total revenue from direct and indirect taxes given as share of GDP in 2017
Pieter Brueghel the Younger, The tax collector's office, 1640
Substitution effect and income effect with a taxation on y good.
Budget's constraint shift after an introduction of a lump sum tax or a general tax on consumption or a proportional income tax.
The Laffer curve. In this case, the critical point is at a tax rate of 70%. Revenue increases until this peak, then it starts decreasing.
General government revenue, in % of GDP, from social contributions. For this data, the variance of GDP per capita with purchasing power parity (PPP) is explained in 20% by social contributions revenue.
Egyptian peasants seized for non-payment of taxes. (Pyramid Age)
Public finance revenue from taxes in % of GDP. For this data, the variance of GDP per capita with purchasing power parity (PPP) is explained in 32% by tax revenue.
Diagram illustrating deadweight costs of taxes

Compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed on a taxpayer by a governmental organization in order to fund government spending and various public expenditures (regional, local, or national), and tax compliance refers to policy actions and individual behaviour aimed at ensuring that taxpayers are paying the right amount of tax at the right time and securing the correct tax allowances and tax reliefs.

- Tax
Total revenue from direct and indirect taxes given as share of GDP in 2017

86 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Global concentrations of health care resources, as depicted by the number of physicians per 10,000 individuals, by country. Data is sourced from a World Health Statistics 2010, a WHO report.

Health care

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Improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, amelioration, or cure of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in people.

Improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, amelioration, or cure of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in people.

Global concentrations of health care resources, as depicted by the number of physicians per 10,000 individuals, by country. Data is sourced from a World Health Statistics 2010, a WHO report.
Primary care may be provided in community health centers.
The emergency room is often a frontline venue for the delivery of primary medical care.
Hospital train "Therapist Matvei Mudrov" in Khabarovsk, Russia
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, the primary teaching hospital of the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine and the largest hospital in the United States with 1,547 beds
National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery in London, United Kingdom is a specialist neurological hospital.

1) General taxation to the state, county or municipality

Tax policy

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Tax policy is the choice by a government as to what taxes to impose, in what amounts, and on whom.

Investment policy

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Any government regulation or law that encourages or discourages foreign investment in the local economy, e.g. currency exchange limits.

Any government regulation or law that encourages or discourages foreign investment in the local economy, e.g. currency exchange limits.

As globalization integrates the economies of neighboring and of trading states, they are typically forced to trade off such rules as part of a common tax, tariff and trade regime, e.g. as defined by a free trade pact.

Balance sheet

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Summary of the financial balances of an individual or organization, whether it be a sole proprietorship, a business partnership, a corporation, private limited company or other organization such as government or not-for-profit entity.

Summary of the financial balances of an individual or organization, whether it be a sole proprietorship, a business partnership, a corporation, private limited company or other organization such as government or not-for-profit entity.

4) Liabilities and assets for current tax

Voluntary taxation

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Voluntary taxation is a theory that states that taxation should be a voluntary act.

Public education expenditure as a share of GDP and of total public expenditure, countries below both benchmarks, 2017 or most recent year

State school

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State schools (in England, Wales, Australia and New Zealand) or public schools (Scottish English and North American English) are generally primary or secondary schools that educate all children without charge.

State schools (in England, Wales, Australia and New Zealand) or public schools (Scottish English and North American English) are generally primary or secondary schools that educate all children without charge.

Public education expenditure as a share of GDP and of total public expenditure, countries below both benchmarks, 2017 or most recent year
Chio Min Secondary School (government-sponsored schools) in Kulim, Kedah, Malaysia.
La Sorbonne
One of the schools in France
A school in Germany
School named after Goethe
More modern school in Germany
Cheadle Hulme High School is an 11–18 mixed coeducational secondary school and sixth form with academy status.
Sutton Grammar School is a selective grammar school for boys aged 11–18 with a coeducational sixth form.
Pediment above entrance showing name of Mearns Street Public School, built for Greenock Burgh School Board.
Old Scona High School in Edmonton, Alberta.
Secondary School in the pampas city of Bragado. Argentina's secondary schools belong to a provincial system.
Stone plaque marking the site of the first public school in America in Dedham, Massachusetts
The Seward School, Seattle, Washington.

They are funded in whole or in part by taxation.

Basic Formula for Price Elasticity of Demand

Elasticity (economics)

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In economics, elasticity measures the percentage change of one economic variable in response to a percentage change in another.

In economics, elasticity measures the percentage change of one economic variable in response to a percentage change in another.

Basic Formula for Price Elasticity of Demand
Calculating Price Elasticity of Supply
Basic Formula for Cross-Price Elasticity
Principles of Economics (1890) -- Alfred Marshall
Antoine Augustin Cournot
perfect P-elasticity of Q: Q changes while P = constant
perfect P-inelasticity of Q: P changes while Q = constant
Conventional demand curve (downwards linear slope), with its elasticity
Example of demand curve with constant elasticity
Examples of supply curves with different elasticity
Examples of a non-linear supply curve with its elasticity

For governments, the concept is important for the implementation of taxation.

Non-aggression principle

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Concept in which aggression, defined as initiating or threatening any forceful interference (violating or breaching conduct) against either an individual, their property or against promises (contracts) for which the aggressor is liable and in which the individual is a counterparty, is inherently wrong.

Concept in which aggression, defined as initiating or threatening any forceful interference (violating or breaching conduct) against either an individual, their property or against promises (contracts) for which the aggressor is liable and in which the individual is a counterparty, is inherently wrong.

Some proponents of the NAP see taxes as a violation of NAP, while critics of the NAP argue that because of the free-rider problem in case security is a public good, enough funds would not be obtainable by voluntary means to protect individuals from aggression of a greater severity.

OneTax

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Tax reform plan and proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that eliminates the federal income tax for all individuals earning less than $215,870.

Tax reform plan and proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that eliminates the federal income tax for all individuals earning less than $215,870.

As a national sales would create comparable deadweight loss, tax reform plans like OneTax aim to reduce or eliminate income tax compliance costs without instituting a national sales tax.

Finance minister

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Executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation.

Executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation.

Finance ministers can be unpopular if they must raise taxes or cut spending.