Scientific study of naming, defining and classifying groups of biological organisms based on shared characteristics.- Taxonomy (biology)
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In biological taxonomy, circumscription is the content of a taxon, that is, the delimitation of which subordinate taxa are parts of that taxon.
For another person with the same name, see Ernst Mayr (computer scientist).
He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical explorer, ornithologist, philosopher of biology, and historian of science.
Study of the evolutionary history and relationships among or within groups of organisms.
Taxonomy is the identification, naming and classification of organisms.
Study of the diversification of living forms, both past and present, and the relationships among living things through time.
In 1970 Michener et al. defined "systematic biology" and "taxonomy" (terms that are often confused and used interchangeably) in relationship to one another as follows:
Specialist work of writing or exhibition on a single subject or an aspect of a subject, often by a single author or artist, and usually on a scholarly subject.
In biological taxonomy, a monograph is a comprehensive treatment of a taxon.
Cladistics is an approach to biological classification in which organisms are categorized in groups ("clades") based on hypotheses of most recent common ancestry.
He is notable for his work on plant taxonomy and phytogeography, such as Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien (The Natural Plant Families), edited with Karl A. E. von Prantl.
In biological classification, taxonomic rank is the relative level of a group of organisms (a taxon) in a taxonomic hierarchy.
Second highest taxonomic rank, just below domain.
Linnaeus also included minerals in his classification system, placing them in a third kingdom, Regnum Lapideum.
While in Montpellier, de Candolle published his Théorie élémentaire de la botanique (Elementary Theory of Botany, 1813), which introduced a new classification system and the word taxonomy.